Asylum applications and refugees in Italy

53,055 asylum applications by refugees were received in 2021 in Italy — according to UNHCR. Most of them came from Pakistan, Bangladesh and from Tunisia. A total of 29,673 decisions have been made on initial applications. Around 23% of them were answered positively. 77 percent of asylum applications have been rejected in the first instance. The most successful have been the applications of refugees from Uganda and from Western Sahara.

In a second table below you can find the refugees who fled from Italy and made their asylum application to other countries.

Refugee countries by origin and destination

Back to overview: Italy

Incoming asylum applications in Italy 2000 to 2021

The top line represents the total number of asylum applications (first applications + reviews). Below are the number of recognized refugees (green) and rejected applications (red).

Asylum applications from foreign refugees in Italy

The total number of initial and continuing applications refers to the year 2021. Please note that the number of decisions (acceptances or rejections) does not have to add up with the number of applications because there may still have been open cases from previous years. Also, they don't have to be closed within the same calendar year. In addition, asylum procedures can also be closed, if the applicant disappeared or withdrew the application.

New Applications

Pakistan7,6024114,8727.8 %
Bangladesh6,948892,9562.9 %
Tunisia6,487831,5485.1 %
Nigeria5,4501,0864,35320.0 %
Afghanistan4,3812,04610495.2 %
Egypt2,712595529.7 %
Morocco1,6497548113.5 %
Georgia1,3646046511.4 %
Ivory Coast1,2689865313.0 %
Mali1,2514624915.6 %
Senegal1,175348593.8 %
Somalia1,1675243294.2 %
Gambia1,161418554.6 %
Ghana852335455.7 %
Albania7886726919.9 %
El Salvador64930933747.8 %
Peru61215456721.4 %
Guinea603243526.4 %
Ukraine6023425211.9 %
Venezuela4641976575.2 %
unknown4371017457.7 %
Iraq4311538464.6 %
Serbia3942615714.2 %
Colombia39010924630.7 %
Turkey3609511046.3 %
Cameroon3575319021.8 %
Burkina Faso26953711.9 %
Libya216251464.1 %
Brazil2071019551.5 %
Algeria176166320.3 %
Sudan171574953.8 %
India159131876.5 %
Bosnia and Herzegovina14552516.7 %
Moldova144104418.5 %
Cuba122174925.8 %
Sri Lanka12151134.2 %
Togo1145637.4 %
Sierra Leone985676.9 %
Guinea-Bissau960740.0 %
Hong Kong91131986.2 %
Eritrea89575750.0 %
Syria85381177.6 %
Iran84862378.9 %
Honduras83794663.2 %
Palestine7760592.3 %
North Macedonia7751623.8 %
Belarus70261072.2 %
Ethiopia70211755.3 %
Nepal66111739.3 %
Russia55301862.5 %
Armenia545550.0 %
Benin440200.0 %
Lebanon440190.0 %
Liberia3951821.7 %
Niger3952020.0 %
Philippines370200.0 %
Chad365550.0 %
Ecuador3051722.7 %
Argentina23050.0 %
Azerbaijan22181456.3 %
Congo (Dem. Republic)21251071.4 %
Dominican Republic2051229.4 %
Chile19050.0 %
Montenegro18050.0 %
Guatemala1313572.2 %
Kenya1310566.7 %
Kyrgyzstan1351821.7 %
Congo1110566.7 %
Uruguay11050.0 %
Myanmar1050100.0 %
South Africa10050.0 %
Paraguay90100.0 %
Mexico85550.0 %
Nicaragua751426.3 %
Turkmenistan6050.0 %
United States6050.0 %
Burundi550100.0 %
Central Africa500
Gabon5050.0 %
Jordan50110.0 %
Mauritius5050.0 %
Tanzania5050.0 %
Bolivia0050.0 %
Mauritania0050.0 %
New Zealand0050.0 %
Vietnam0050.0 %
Uganda0120100.0 %
Western Sahara050100.0 %
Totals53,0556,84522,82823.1 %

Asylum applications of refugees from Italy

Italy is one of the countries where refugees are not only coming in. In the year 2021, there have been 224 asylum applications received from citizens from Italy in other countries. The most successful have been the applications in the United Kingdom and in Canada.

New Applications

United States1760320.0 %
Canada1753313.2 %
Mexico7050.0 %
Germany5050.0 %
Sweden5050.0 %
United Kingdom050100.0 %
Totals224108011.1 %


United States3100
Canada160210.0 %
United Kingdom000
Totals470210.0 %

National migrant stock from 1960 to 2020

In 2020 a total of 6,386,998 migrants lived in Italy, representing about 9 percent of the total population. These are all residents who live permanently in the country but were born in another country. The numbers includes granted refugees but no asylum seekers. The data are based on the results of censuses, as well as on estimates and projections from the United Nations Population Division. (Values of the graph in millions of immigrants)

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