Asylum applications and refugees in Mexico

131,194 asylum applications by refugees were received in 2021 in Mexico — according to UNHCR. Most of them came from Haiti, Honduras and from Cuba. A total of 36,967 decisions have been made on initial applications. Around 74% of them were answered positively. 26 percent of asylum applications have been rejected in the first instance. The most successful have been the applications of refugees from Togo and from Sierra Leone.

In a second table below you can find the refugees who fled from Mexico and made their asylum application to other countries.

Refugee countries by origin and destination

Back to overview: Mexico

Incoming asylum applications in Mexico 2000 to 2021

The top line represents the total number of asylum applications (first applications + reviews). Below are the number of recognized refugees (green) and rejected applications (red).

Asylum applications from foreign refugees in Mexico

The total number of initial and continuing applications refers to the year 2021. Please note that the number of decisions (acceptances or rejections) does not have to add up with the number of applications because there may still have been open cases from previous years. Also, they don't have to be closed within the same calendar year. In addition, asylum procedures can also be closed, if the applicant disappeared or withdrew the application.

New Applications

Haiti51,8271,2853,58526.4 %
Honduras36,36115,1352,68484.9 %
Cuba8,3191,76678069.4 %
Chile6,97011617739.6 %
Venezuela6,2233,57110497.2 %
El Salvador6,0373,03753585.0 %
Guatemala4,1491,16782758.5 %
Brazil3,836659740.1 %
Nicaragua2,91969840963.1 %
Colombia1,2758222626.6 %
Ghana309213338.9 %
Ecuador245202742.6 %
Congo (Dem. Republic)20950100.0 %
Argentina2010640.0 %
Dominican Republic200142734.1 %
Guinea13029585.3 %
Costa Rica115251661.0 %
Panama114202643.5 %
Peru112101343.5 %
Burkina Faso96101245.5 %
Sierra Leone96130100.0 %
Cameroon815550.0 %
Togo76180100.0 %
French Guiana7500
Nigeria610110.0 %
Uruguay59131056.5 %
Mauritania55130100.0 %
Belize53151157.7 %
Mali530110.0 %
United States5311568.8 %
Ivory Coast360130.0 %
Yemen36120100.0 %
Bolivia27050.0 %
Syria2650100.0 %
Bangladesh1950100.0 %
Pakistan18050.0 %
Russia1650100.0 %
Spain155550.0 %
Benin1150100.0 %
China90130.0 %
Italy7050.0 %
Kyrgyzstan750100.0 %
Morocco650100.0 %
Equatorial Guinea5050.0 %
Sri Lanka500
Trinidad and Tobago550100.0 %
Totals131,19427,2169,75173.6 %

Asylum applications of refugees from Mexico

Mexico is one of the countries where refugees are not only coming in. In the year 2021, there have been 8,576 asylum applications received from citizens from Mexico in other countries. The most successful have been the applications in Brazil and in Italy.

New Applications

United States6,0933053,2268.6 %
Canada2,2921,0121,44841.1 %
Spain882419011.2 %
United Kingdom560100.0 %
Netherlands1651327.8 %
Italy85550.0 %
France50110.0 %
Germany5050.0 %
Brazil050100.0 %
Greece0050.0 %
Totals8,5761,3564,91321.6 %


United States9,4384282,20816.2 %
Canada1,6344651,21827.6 %
United Kingdom500
France10050.0 %
Germany60110.0 %
Sweden5050.0 %
Totals11,0988933,44720.6 %

National migrant stock from 1960 to 2020

In 2020 a total of 1,197,624 migrants lived in Mexico, representing about 2 percent of the total population. These are all residents who live permanently in the country but were born in another country. The numbers includes granted refugees but no asylum seekers. The data are based on the results of censuses, as well as on estimates and projections from the United Nations Population Division. (Values of the graph in millions of immigrants)

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