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Currencies

All currencies of all countries

Alltogether, there are 162 official currencies around the world. Of these 162 however 47 currencies are tied to another with a fixed exchange rate.

This means, that for example the Danish Krone is a legally own currency, but is tied to Euro with an always constant rate. Other currencies like the Bahamian Dollar even correspond to the US Dollar directly in a 1:1 rate.

The oldest currency still in use is the British Sterling Pound. It is spread over Great Britain and various colonies for more than 1200 years.


Currency and gold reserves

Lead currencies

A reserve currency is a currency that is also used to a particular extent as a means of payment beyond its country of origin. For example, the U.S. dollar has been considered a reserve currency since World War II because, for example, oil prices are always calculated in dollars and numerous other currencies have pegged themselves to the U.S. dollar. The dollar has enormous influence, accounting for 63% of global foreign exchange reserves (end of 2017). Since 2002, the Euro has also increasingly been seen as a reserve currency. Although it still has a share of "only" 16% in terms of international use, it is gaining acceptance in more and more economies and also exhibits greater stability.

Currencies Depending on the interpretation of the term reserve currency, other currencies are also regarded as such: The British pound has traditionally played a strong role in the countries of the British Commonwealth. In Southeast and Far Asia, the Japanese Yen is of enormous importance, but is slowly losing its significance due to its original circulation and is ceding its role to the Chinese Renminbi. Incidentally, because of its stability, the German mark was also considered the reserve currency for the intra-European economy before the introduction of the euro.

List of all currencies

All currently official currencies are represented in the following list. Click on the respective currency name to view more information and conversion rates. An extensive CSV file with all ISO codes and conversion rates is also available in the download area.

ISOCurrencyUsed in
AEDArabic Dirham
1 AED = 100 Fils
tied to: US Dollar
United Arab Emirates
AFNAfghani
1 AFN = 100 Puls
Afghanistan
ALLLek
1 ALL = 100 Qindarka
Albania
AMDDram
1 AMD = 100 Lumma
Armenia
ANGNetherlands Antillean Guilder
1 ANG = 100 Cents
tied to: US Dollar
Sint Maarten, Curacao
AOAKwanza
1 AOA = 100 Lwei
Angola
ARSArgentine Peso
1 ARS = 100 Centavos
Argentina
AUDAustralian Dollar
1 AUD = 100 Cents
Australia, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Nauru, Norfolk Island, Heard Island and McDonald Islands
AWGGuilder
1 AWG = 100 Cents
tied to: US Dollar
Aruba
AZNManat
1 AZN = 100 Qäpi
Azerbaijan
BAMConvertible Mark
1 BAM = 100 Fening
tied to: Euro
Bosnia and Herzegovina
BBDBarbadian Dollar
1 BBD = 100 Cents
tied to: US Dollar
Barbados
BDTTaka
1 BDT = 100 Poisha
Bangladesh
BGNBulgarian Lev
1 BGN = 100 Stotinki
tied to: Euro
Bulgaria
BHDBahrain Dinar
1 BHD = 1000 Fils
tied to: US Dollar
Bahrain
BIFBurundi Franc
1 BIF = 100 Centimes
Burundi
BMDBermudian Dollar
1 BMD = 100 Cent
tied to: US Dollar
Bermuda
BNDBrunei Dollar
1 BND = 100 Cents
tied to: Singapore Dollar
Brunei
BOBBoliviano
1 BOB = 100 Centavos
Bolivia
BRLBrazilian Real
1 BRL = 100 Centavos
Brazil
BSDBahamian Dollar
1 BSD = 100 Cents
tied to: US Dollar
Bahamas
BTNNgultrum
1 BTN = 100 Chetrum
tied to: Indian Rupee
Bhutan
BWPPula
1 BWP = 100 Thebe
Botswana
BYRBelarus Rubel
1 BYR = 100 Kapejek
Belarus
BZDBelize Dollar
1 BZD = 100 Cents
tied to: US Dollar
Belize
CADCanadian Dollar
1 CAD = 100 Cents
Canada
CDFCongolais Franc
1 CDF = 100 Centimes
Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo
CHFSwiss Franc
1 CHF = 100 Rappen
Liechtenstein, Switzerland
CKDCook Dollar
1 CKD = 100 Cents
tied to: New Zealand Dollar
Cook Islands
CLPChilean Peso
1 CLP = 100 Centavos
Chile
CNYRenminbi Yuan
1 CNY = 100 Fen
China
COPColombian Peso
1 COP = 100 Centavos
Colombia
CRCColón
1 CRC = 100 Céntimos
Costa Rica
CUPCuban Peso
1 CUP = 100 Centavos
tied to: US Dollar
Cuba
CVECape Verdean Escudo
1 CVE = 100 Centavos
tied to: Euro
Cape Verde
CZKCzech Krone
1 CZK = 100 Haleru
Czechia
DJFDjibouti Franc
1 DJF = 100 Centimes
tied to: US Dollar
Djibouti
DKKDanish Krone
1 DKK = 100 øre
tied to: Euro
Greenland, Denmark
DOPDominican Peso
1 DOP = 100 Centavos
Dominican Republic
DZDAlgerian Dinar
1 DZD = 100 Centimes
Algeria
EGPEgypt Pound
1 EGP = 100 Piasters
Egypt
ERNNakfa
1 ERN = 100 Cents
tied to: US Dollar
Eritrea
ETBBirr
1 ETB = 100 Cents
Ethiopia
FJDFidschi Dollar
1 FJD = 100 Cent
Fiji
FKPFalklands Pound
1 FKP = 100 Pence
tied to: Sterling Pound
Falkland Islands
FOKFaroese Krona
1 FOK = 100 Oyra
tied to: Danish Krone
Faroe Islands
GBPSterling Pound
1 GBP = 100 Pence
United Kingdom, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands
GELGeorgian Lari
1 GEL = 100 Tetri
Georgia
GGPGuernsey Pound
1 GGP = 100 Pence
tied to: Sterling Pound
Guernsey
GHSGhana Cedi
1 GHS = 100 Pesewas
Ghana
GIPGibraltar Pound
1 GIP = 100 Pence
tied to: Sterling Pound
Gibraltar
GMDDalasi
1 GMD = 100 Bututs
Gambia
GNFGuinea Franc
1 GNF = 100 Centimes
Guinea
GTQQuetzal
1 GTQ = 100 Centavos
Guatemala
GYDGuyana Dollar
1 GYD = 100 Cents
Guyana
HKDHong Kong Dollar
1 HKD = 100 Cents
tied to: US Dollar
Hong Kong
HNLLempira
1 HNL = 100 Centavos
Honduras
HRKKuna
1 HRK = 100 Lipa
Croatia
HTGGourde
1 HTG = 100 Centimes
Haiti
HUFHungarian Forint
1 HUF = 100 Fillér
Hungary
IDRIndonesian Rupiah
1 IDR = 100 Sen
Indonesia
ILSIsraeli Shekel
1 ILS = 100 Agorot
Israel, Palestine
IMPManx Pound
1 IMP = 100 Pence
tied to: Sterling Pound
Isle of Man
INRIndian Rupee
1 INR = 100 Paise
India
IQDIraqi Dinar
1 IQD = 1000 Fils
Iraq
IRRIranian Rial
1 IRR = 100 Dinars
Iran
ISKIcelandic Krone
1 ISK = 100 Aurar
Iceland
JEPJersey Sterling Pound
1 JEP = 100 Penny
tied to: Sterling Pound
Jersey
JMDJamaica Dollar
1 JMD = 100 Cents
Jamaica
JODJordanian Dinar
1 JOD = 100 Piaster
tied to: US Dollar
Jordan
JPYJapanese Yen
1 JPY = 100 Sen
Japan
KESKenian Schilling
1 KES = 100 Cents
Kenya
KGSSom
1 KGS = 100 Tyiyn
Kyrgyzstan
KHRCambodian Riel
1 KHR = 10 Karak = 100 Sen
Cambodia
KIDKiribati Dollar
1 KID = 100 Cents
tied to: Australian Dollar
Kiribati
KMFComorian Franc
1 KMF = 100 Centimes
tied to: Euro
Comoros
KPWWon
1 KPW = 100 Chon
North Korea
KRWWon
1 KRW = 100 Chon
South Korea
KWDKuwaiti Dinar
1 KWD = 1000 Fils
tied to: US Dollar
Kuwait
KYDCayman Dollar
1 KYD = 100 Cent
tied to: US Dollar
Cayman Islands
KZTTenge
1 KZT = 100 Tyin
Kazakhstan
LAKKip
1 LAK = 100 At
Laos
LBPLebanese Pound
1 LBP = 100 Piastres
tied to: US Dollar
Lebanon
LKRSri Lanka Rupee
1 LKR = 100 Cents
Sri Lanka
LRDLiberian Dollar
1 LRD = 100 Cents
Liberia
LSLLesotho Loti
1 LSL = 100 Lisente
tied to: South African Rand
Lesotho
LYDLibyan Dinar
1 LYD = 1000 Dirhams
Libya
MADMoroccan Dirham
1 MAD = 100 Centimes
Western Sahara, Morocco
MDLLeu
1 MDL = 100 Bani
Moldova
MGAMalagasy Ariary
1 MGA = 5 Iraimbilanja
Madagascar
MKDDenar
1 MKD = 100 Deni
North Macedonia
MMKKyat
1 MMK = 100 Pyas
Burma
MNTTugrik
1 MNT = 100 Möngö
Mongolia
MOPMacanese Pataca
1 MOP = 100 Avos
tied to: Hong Kong Dollar
Macao
MROOuguiya
1 MRO = 5 Khoums
Mauritania
MURMauritian Rupee
1 MUR = 100 Cents
Mauritius
MVRMaldivian Rufiyaa
1 MVR = 100 Laari
Maldives
MWKKwacha
1 MWK = 100 Tambala
Malawi
MXNMexican Peso
1 MXN = 100 Centavos
Mexico
MYRRinggit
1 MYR = 100 Sen
Malaysia
MZNMetical
1 MZN = 100 Centavos
Mozambique
NADNamibian Dollar
1 NAD = 100 Cents
tied to: South African Rand
Namibia
NGNNaira
1 NGN = 100 Kobo
Nigeria
NIOCórdoba Oro
1 NIO = 100 Centavos
Nicaragua
NOKNorwegian Krone
1 NOK = 100 Øre
Svalbard, Norway, Bouvet Island
NPRNepalese Rupee
1 NPR = 2 Mohur = 100 Paisa
tied to: Indian Rupee
Nepal
NZDNew Zealand Dollar
1 NZD = 100 Cents
Niue, Pitcairn Islands, Tokelau, New Zealand
OMROmani Rial
1 OMR = 1000 Baizas
tied to: US Dollar
Oman
PABPanamanian Balboa
1 PAB = 100 Centesimos
tied to: US Dollar
Panama
PENNuevo Sol
1 PEN = 100 Céntimos
Peru
PGKKina
1 PGK = 100 Toea
Papua New Guinea
PHPPhilippine Peso
1 PHP = 100 Centavos
Philippines
PKRPakistanian Rupee
1 PKR = 100 Paisa
Pakistan
PLNZloty
1 PLN = 100 Groszy
Poland
PYGGuaraní
1 PYG = 100 Centimos
Paraguay
QARQatari Rial
1 QAR = 100 Dirham
tied to: US Dollar
Qatar
RONLeu
1 RON = 100 Bani
Romania
RSDSerbian Dinar
1 RSD = 100 Para
Serbia
RUBRussian Rubel
1 RUB = 100 Kopeken
Russia
RWFRwandan Franc
1 RWF = 100 Centimes
Rwanda
SARSaudi Rial
1 SAR = 20 Qirshes = 100 Hallalas
tied to: US Dollar
Saudi Arabia
SBDSalomon Dollar
1 SBD = 100 Cents
Solomon Islands
SCRSeychelles Rupee
1 SCR = 100 Cents
Seychelles
SDGSudanese Pound
1 SDG = 100 Piaster
Sudan
SEKSwedish Krone
1 SEK = 100 Öre
Sweden
SGDSingapore Dollar
1 SGD = 100 Cents
Singapore
SHPSt.-Helena Pound
1 SHP = 100 Pence
tied to: Sterling Pound
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
SLLLeone
1 SLL = 100 Cents
Sierra Leone
SOSSomalian Shilling
1 SOS = 100 Centesimi
Somalia
SRDSurinam Dollar
1 SRD = 100 Cents
Suriname
SSPSouth Sudanese Pound
1 SSP = 100 Piaster
tied to: Sudanese Pound
South Sudan
STDDobra
1 STD = 100 Centimes
Sao Tome and Principe
SYPSyrian Pound
1 SYP = 100 Piastres
Syria
SZLSwazi Lilangeni
1 SZL = 100 Cents
tied to: South African Rand
Eswatini
THBThai Baht
1 THB = 100 Satang
Thailand
TJSSomoni
1 TJS = 100 Dirham
Tajikistan
TMTManat
1 TMT = 100 Tenge
Turkmenistan
TNDTunesian Dinar
1 TND = 1000 Millimes
Tunisia
TOPPa'anga
1 TOP = 100 Seniti
Tonga
TRYTurkish Lira
1 TRY = 100 Kurus
Turkey
TTDTrinidad and Tobago Dollar
1 TTD = 100 Cents
Trinidad and Tobago
TVDTuvaluan Dollar
1 TVD = 100 Cents
tied to: Australian Dollar
Tuvalu
TWDNew Taiwan Dollar
1 TWD = 100 Cents
Taiwan
TZSTansanian Shilling
1 TZS = 100 Cents
Tanzania
UAHHrywnja
1 UAH = 100 Kopeken
Ukraine
UGXUgandan Schilling
1 UGX = 100 Cents
Uganda
USDUS Dollar
1 USD = 100 Cents
American Samoa, British Virgin Islands, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guam, East Timor, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Palau, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States, Virgin Islands, British Indian Ocean Territory, Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba
UYUUruguay Peso
1 UYU = 100 Centesimos
Uruguay
UZSUzbekistan Sum
1 UZS = 100 Tiyin
Uzbekistan
VNDDong
1 VND = 10 Hào = 100 Xu
Vietnam
VUVVatu
1 VUV = 100 Centimes
Vanuatu
WSTTala
1 WST = 100 Sene
Samoa
XAFCentral African Franc
tied to: Euro
Gabon, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Chad
XCDEast Caribbean Dollar
1 XCD = 100 Cents
tied to: US Dollar
Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
XOFWest African Franc
tied to: Euro
Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Ivory Coast, Senegal, Togo
XPFPacific Franc
tied to: Euro
French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna
YERJemen Rial
1 YER = 100 Fils
Yemen
ZARSouth African Rand
1 ZAR = 100 Cents
South Africa
ZMWZambian Kwacha
1 ZMW = 100 Ngwee
Zambia
ZWLZimbabwe Dollar
1 ZWL = 100 Cents
Zimbabwe


How exchange rates are created

Roughly speaking, an exchange rate is always a price of one currency in another. As with all things in a market economy, demand and supply regulate this price. However, money is not only exchanged for another currency because people are going on vacation or paying for goods from abroad. The largest currency transfers are made by countries that hedge each other by holding large amounts of foreign currency. If a state gets into economic difficulties, its currency is often also damaged. The smaller this foreign currency is, i.e. the less widely used it is worldwide, the more likely it is that exchange rates will begin to fluctuate. These fluctuations mean uncertainty for its investors, which is why the fluctuating currency is in less and less demand - the price falls.

To prevent a currency from fluctuating too much, key interest rates are raised or lowered, for example, which changes demand in the desired direction. Also well-known, especially in Europe, are the interventions of the central bank, which buy or sell large amounts of foreign currency in order to specifically influence a currency.
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