Picture: tpsdave/pixabay

Refugee countries and asylum data

Of the countless refugees in 2016, most came from Syria and from Afghanistan. On the other side are Germany and the United States as most often chosen host countries for an application for asylum.

Our listing shows on both sides the 50 largest countries on the basis of data collected from UNHCR. Included are the numbers of initial applications for asylum. The rejection and admission quotas of individual countries can be found on the detail view of each country.

Map of the largest refugee countries 2016

The map shows the countries from which most people take refuge. To get more accurate data on distribution, host countries and admission quotas, click in the following two tables on one of the country's name.

Top 50 refugee countries

Originapplications
for asylum
per million
inhabitants
Syria
346,19420,145
Afghanistan
234,3307,030
Iraq
183,7454,817
Iran
61,203739
Democratic Republic of the Congo
60,491744
Pakistan
57,882287
Nigeria
54,931295
Eritrea
52,1508,884
Ukraine
38,300866
Ethiopia
37,014362
Somalia
36,6563,389
Venezuela
33,9651,099
Albania
29,9229,847
China
28,58321
Russia
26,088183
Sudan
25,520695
Bangladesh
21,503138
Burma
19,598344
El Salvador
19,3893,149
Serbia
18,3382,567
Turkey
17,010212
Gambia
16,2608,091
Guinea
15,3501,269
Mexico
14,972122
India
14,12211
Ivory Coast
13,105552
Guatemala
12,155800
Algeria
12,134301
Morocco
11,756349
Mozambique
11,369438
Senegal
11,267787
Honduras
11,2591,266
Haiti
10,464998
Colombia
10,176215
Ghana
10,172378
Sri Lanka
10,093454
Mali
10,069576
Zimbabwe
9,286638
Yemen
8,957327
Burundi
8,755789
Georgia
8,0951,643
Armenia
8,0772,647
Egypt
7,62881
Lebanon
7,4901,201
Malaysia
7,470241
Cameroon
7,401304
Central African Republic
7,0701,284
Macedonia
6,7253,202
Azerbaijan
5,855593
Libya
5,394825

Top 50 host countries

Destinationapplications
for asylum
per million
inhabitants
Germany
722,3038,948
United States
124,194383
Italy
122,9051,982
Turkey
78,568979
France
78,3221,172
Greece
49,7884,621
Austria
39,8444,574
United Kingdom
38,366595
South Africa
35,329651
Uganda
30,266790
Egypt
28,500301
Hungary
28,0372,839
Australia
27,5541,198
Russia
26,326185
Canada
23,529665
Sweden
22,1022,237
Malaysia
19,994646
Netherlands
19,4891,145
Bulgaria
18,8762,642
Kenya
18,032385
Malawi
16,946913
Spain
16,493340
Belgium
14,6161,281
Jordan
11,9421,459
Japan
10,90186
Brazil
10,22050
Poland
9,798254
Syria
9,657562
Switzerland
9,0421,105
Mexico
8,73271
Sudan
8,535232
India
8,1326
South Korea
7,495147
Burundi
6,676601
Tanzania
6,666127
Denmark
6,3051,127
Djibouti
5,4216,403
Finland
5,230951
Ecuador
5,080316
Pakistan
4,78624
Costa Rica
4,471918
Peru
4,328141
Yemen
4,309157
Iraq
4,195110
Zambia
3,934254
Lebanon
3,887623
Panama
3,457933
Somalia
3,153291
Norway
3,080585
Indonesia
3,07912