Picture: tpsdave/pixabay

Refugee countries and asylum data

Of the countless refugees in 2016, most came from Syria and from Afghanistan. On the other side are Germany and the United States as most often chosen host countries for an application for asylum.

Our listing shows on both sides the 50 largest countries on the basis of data collected from UNHCR. Included are the numbers of initial applications for asylum. The rejection and admission quotas of individual countries can be found on the detail view of each country.

Map of the largest refugee countries 2016

The map shows the countries from which most people take refuge. To get more accurate data on distribution, host countries and admission quotas, click in the following two tables on one of the country's name.

Top 50 refugee countries

Originapplications
for asylum
per million
inhabitants
Syria346,19418,784
Afghanistan234,3306,762
Iraq183,7454,939
Iran61,203762
Democratic Republic of the Congo60,491768
Pakistan57,882300
Nigeria54,931295
Eritrea52,1508,811
Ukraine38,300851
Ethiopia37,014361
Somalia36,6562,560
Venezuela33,9651,076
Albania29,92210,404
China28,58321
Russia26,088181
Sudan25,520645
Bangladesh21,503132
Burma19,598371
El Salvador19,3893,056
Serbia18,3382,598
Turkey17,010214
Gambia16,2607,976
Guinea15,3501,238
Mexico14,972117
India14,12211
Ivory Coast13,105553
Guatemala12,155733
Algeria12,134299
Morocco11,756333
Mozambique11,369394
Senegal11,267731
Honduras11,2591,236
Haiti10,464965
Colombia10,176209
Ghana10,172361
Sri Lanka10,093476
Mali10,069560
Zimbabwe9,286575
Yemen8,957325
Burundi8,755832
Georgia8,0952,176
Armenia8,0772,762
Egypt7,62880
Lebanon7,4901,247
Malaysia7,470240
Cameroon7,401316
Central African Republic7,0701,539
Macedonia6,7253,231
Azerbaijan5,855600
Libya5,394857

Top 50 host countries

Destinationapplications
for asylum
per million
inhabitants
Germany722,3038,737
United States124,194384
Italy122,9052,028
Turkey78,568988
France78,3221,171
Greece49,7884,633
Austria39,8444,555
United Kingdom38,366585
South Africa35,329632
Uganda30,266730
Egypt28,500298
Hungary28,0372,856
Australia27,5541,142
Russia26,326182
Canada23,529648
Sweden22,1022,232
Malaysia19,994641
Netherlands19,4891,145
Bulgaria18,8762,648
Kenya18,032372
Malawi16,946937
Spain16,493355
Belgium14,6161,288
Jordan11,9421,263
Japan10,90186
Brazil10,22049
Poland9,798258
Syria9,657524
Switzerland9,0421,080
Mexico8,73268
Sudan8,535216
India8,1326
South Korea7,495146
Burundi6,676634
Tanzania6,666120
Denmark6,3051,100
Djibouti5,4215,753
Finland5,230952
Ecuador5,080310
Pakistan4,78625
Costa Rica4,471920
Peru4,328136
Yemen4,309156
Iraq4,195113
Zambia3,934237
Lebanon3,887647
Panama3,457857
Somalia3,153220
Norway3,080589
Indonesia3,07912