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Chad

Presidential republic
independant since 1960
Chad
Region:
Central Africa
Area:
1,284,000 km²
Local name:
جمهوريّة تشاد / Tchad
Capital:
N'Djamena
Chad on the world map

Geography

Chad is a landlocked country on the southern edge of the Sahara in Central Africa. The land has a total area of 1,284,000 km² (495,755 mi²). This land area is approximately 185% of the area of Texas. Chad is thus one of the largest countries in Africa and the 21st biggest in the world. With 12 Einwohner pro km² it is one of the most sparsely populated countries on earth. It lies at an average elevation of 543 meters above sea level.

There is no access to the open sea. There are direct national borders with the 6 neighbouring countries Cameroon, Central Africa, Libya, Niger, Nigeria and South Sudan. The distance between New York City and the Capital N'Djamena is about 9,060 km (5,630 mi).

Population

Population:15,947,000
Life expectancy females:
Ø 55.7 years
Birthrate:
41.7 ‰
Deathrate:
11.9 ‰
Males/Females:
49.9% : 50.1%

Population pyramid

Population pyramid Chad 2019
The currency in Chad is Central African Franc (XAF).
Status: 05/13/2021
1 US Dollar = 542.92 Francs
1000 Francs = 1.84 US Dollar

The climate in Chad

In Chad, as in all equatorial countries, there is a tropical climate. Unlike in Europe or the USA, there is almost no difference between the seasons. The daylight hours vary little, and the temperature differences between summer and winter are also lesser. Depending on the season, the average daytime temperatures range between 33 and 41 degrees. In some parts of the country the temperature raises up to 44 °C. In the colder months and depending in the region, the temperature lowers down to 15°C in a month's average.

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures
Average daytime and nighttime temperatures in Chad
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Languages

Official language:
Arabic, French

mother tonguedistribution
Sara27.7 %
Arabic12.3 %
Mayo-kebbi11.5 %
Kanem-bornu9.0 %
Ouaddai8.7 %
Hadjarai6.7 %
Tandjile6.5 %
Gorane6.2 %
French2.3 %
other9.1 %

Religions

Branchdistribution
Animists7.3%
Catholics20.1%
Protestants14.2%
Muslims53.1%
nondenominational3.1%
other2.2%

more...

Economy

GDP:2.02 bn $
Exportations:2,464.0 M $
Importations:2,160.0 M $
Unemployment rate:2.3 %
Inflation rate:-0.97 %
corruption index:21 (very bad)
Energy consumption:208.6 M kWh

Due to its political and financial situation, Chad is considered one of the least developed countries in the world and is also one of the heavily indebted poor countries.

Land use

40% Agricultural areas:509,234 km²
4% Forest:49,691 km²
0% Water areas:24,800 km²
56% Others:725,075 km²

Transport

Roadways:40,000 km
Airports:59

Most important cities

CityRegionPopulation
N'Djamena / CapitalChari-Baguirmi1,092,000
MoundouLogone Occidental135,000
SaghMoyen-Chari103,000
AbéchéOuaddaï74,000
KeloTandjilé43,000
KoumraMandoul36,000
PalaMayo-Kebbi Ouest35,000
Am TimanSalamat29,000
BongorMayo-Kebbi Est28,000
MongoGuéra28,000
DobaLogone Oriental24,000
AtiBatha24,000
FadaEnnedi-Ouest24,000
LaïTandjilé19,000
Oum HadjerBatha19,000
BitkineGuéra18,000
MaoKanem18,000
MassaguetHadjer-Lamis18,000
DourbaliChari-Baguirmi18,000
Mboursou LéréMayo-Kebbi Ouest17,000
KyabéMoyen-Chari16,000
BenoyLogone Occidental16,000
MassakoryHadjer-Lamis15,000
MoussoroBarh el Gazel15,000
BokoroHadjer-Lamis15,000
Faya-LargeauBorkou13,000
BolLac12,000
BiltineBiltine11,000
MassenyaChari-Baguirmi3,680




Political indicators

(Based on the "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project of the World Bank)

Political stability:
Rule of law:
Effectivity:
Regulatory quality:
Voice accountability:
Death penalty:abolished in 2020



Existing trade agreements



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