Chad

Chad auf der Karte
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Chad

Presidential republic, independant since 1960

Region:
Central Africa
Area:
1,284,000 km²
Local name:
Tchad/Tshad
Capital:
N'Djamena
On further pages:
Sunrise + Sunset
Climate
Tourism
Infrastructure + Transport
Economy
Inflation Rates
Energy consumption
Telecommunication
Refugees
Country comparison
Current time in Chad:

The countrywide time in Chad is West Africa Time (WAT).
As in many countries near the equator, there is also no daylight saving time in Chad.
So there is all over the year the same difference of 1 hours to Greenwich Mean Time.

Sunrise and sunset

Population

14,900,000
11.60
Ø 51.7 years
Life expectancy females:
Ø 54.1 years
Birthrate:
43.3 ‰
Deathrate:
13.0 ‰
Males/Females:
50.1% : 49.9%

Population pyramid

Population pyramid Chad 2017
The currency in Chad is Central African Franc (XAF).
Status: 08/19/2018
1 US Dollar = 575.88 Francs
1000 Francs = 1.74 US Dollar

The climate in Chad

In Chad, as in all equatorial countries, there is a tropical climate. Unlike in Europe or the USA, there is almost no difference between the seasons. The daylight hours vary little, and the temperature differences between summer and winter are also lesser. Depending on the season, the average daytime temperatures range between 33 and 41 degrees. In some parts of the country the temperature raises up to 44 °C. In the colder months and depending in the region, the temperature lowers down to 14°C in a month's average.

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

Zoom

Languages

Official language:
Arabic

mother tonguedistribution
Sara27.7 %
Arabic12.3 %
Mayo-kebbi11.5 %
Kanem-bornu9.0 %
Ouaddai8.7 %
Hadjarai6.7 %
Tandjile6.5 %
Gorane6.2 %
other11.4 %

Religions

Branchdistribution
Animists7.3%
Catholics20.1%
Protestants14.2%
Muslims53.1%
nondenominational3.1%
other2.2%

Economy more...

(per year)
GDP:8,835.36 M €
Exportations:2,158.1 M €
Importations:1,880.1 M €
Tourism receipts:26.44 M €
Unemployment rate:5.9 %
Inflation rate:3.67 %
corruption index:20 (very bad)
Energy consumption:200.0 M kWh

Land use

39% Agricultural areas:499,399 km²
4% Forest:48,731 km²
2% Water areas:24,800 km²
55% Others:711,070 km²

Transport

Roadways:40,000 km
Airports:59

Chad is a landlocked country on the southern edge of the Sahara in Central Africa. The land has a total area of 1,284,000 km². This area is approximately 0% of the area of Texas. There is no access to the open sea. There are direct national borders with the 6 neighbouring countries Cameroon, Central Africa, Libya, Niger, Nigeria and South Sudan. The distance between New York City and the Capital N'Djamena is about 9,060 km.

Most important cities in Chad

CityRegionPopulation
N'Djamena / CapitalChari-Baguirmi1,092,000
MoundouLogone Occidental135,000
SaghMoyen-Chari103,000
AbéchéOuaddaï74,000
KeloTandjilé43,000
KoumraMandoul36,000
PalaMayo-Kebbi Ouest35,000
Am TimanSalamat29,000
BongorMayo-Kebbi Est28,000
MongoGuéra28,000
DobaLogone Oriental24,000
AtiBatha24,000
FadaEnnedi-Ouest24,000
LaïTandjilé19,000
Oum HadjerBatha19,000
BitkineGuéra18,000
MaoKanem18,000
MassaguetHadjer-Lamis18,000
DourbaliChari-Baguirmi18,000
Mboursou LéréMayo-Kebbi Ouest17,000
KyabéMoyen-Chari16,000
BenoyLogone Occidental16,000
MassakoryHadjer-Lamis15,000
MoussoroBarh el Gazel15,000
Faya-LargeauBorkou13,000
BébédjaLogone Oriental13,000
AdréOuaddaï12,000
BolLac12,000
GuelendengMayo-Kebbi Est11,000
MoïssalaMandoul11,000




Political indicators

(Based on the "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project of the World Bank)

Political stability:
Rule of law:
Effectivity:
Regulatory quality:
Voice accountability:
Death penalty:constitutionally allowed



Alliances