Federal presidential republic
Independent since 1960

Federal Republic of Nigeria
Local name:
Western Africa
923,770 km²
Nigeria on the world map


Nigeria is a country in West Africa at the Gulf of Guinea. The land has a total area of 923,770 km² (356,669 mi²) and a total coastline of 853 km (530.0 mi). This land area is approximately 133% of the area of Texas. Nigeria is thus one of the largest countries in Africa and the 32nd biggest in the world. More than half of all residents (53%) live within cities.

Nigeria is comparatively low at an average elevation of 380 meters above sea level. The highest mountain peak (Chappal Waddi) is at 2,419 meters. The country has about 20 islands. There are direct national borders with the four neighboring countries Benin, Cameroon, Chad and Niger. The distance between New York City and the Capital Abuja is about 8,640 km (5,369 mi).


Life expectancy females:
Ø 53.3 years
Birth rate:
37.5 ‰
Death rate:
13.0 ‰
50.5% : 49.5%

Population pyramid

Population pyramid Nigeria 2021
The currency in Nigeria is the naira (NGN).
1 Naira is divided into 100 Kobo.
Status: 03/24/2023
1 US dollar = 461.18 Nairas
1000 Nairas = 2.17 US dollar

The climate in Nigeria

In Nigeria, as in all equatorial countries, there is a tropical climate. Unlike in Europe or the USA, there is almost no difference between the seasons. The daylight hours vary little, and the temperature differences between summer and winter are also lower. Depending on the season, the average daytime temperatures range between 30 and 36 degrees. In some parts of the country, the temperature rises to 41 °C. In the colder months, and depending in the region, the temperature drops to 19 °C in a month's average.

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures
Average daytime and nighttime temperatures in Nigeria


Mother tongueDistribution
Yoruba21.4 %
Hausa21.1 %
Ibo18.1 %
Fula11.3 %
Ibibio5.6 %
Kanuri4.1 %
Edo3.3 %
Tiv2.3 %
Ijo1.8 %
Bura1.6 %
other9.4 %


Native religions10.0%



GDP:440.83 bn $
Exportations:39.94 bn $
Importations:72.18 bn $
Tourism receipts:321.00 M $
Unemployment rate:5.9 %
Inflation rate:16.95 %
Corruption index:24 (very bad)
Energy consumption:24.7 bn kWh

According to the definition from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Nigeria is a developing country because of its lower economic performance.

In terms of revenues, the Philippines still ranks 145th in the world and, with an average annual income of 2,080 USD is one of the lower middle-income countries.

Land use

2% Urban areas:17,196 km²
78% Agricultural areas:718,139 km²
24% Forest:219,395 km²
1% Water areas:13,000 km²



Roadways:195,000 km
Railways:3,798 km
Waterways:8,600 km
Commercial harbors:791

Most important cities

CityGreater RegionPopulation
Abuja / CapitalNorth Central2,750,000
LagosSouth West14,234,000
KanoNorth West4,103,000
IbadanSouth West3,649,000
Benin CitySouth South1,782,000
AbaSouth East898,000
JosNorth Central817,000
IlorinNorth Central814,000
KadunaNorth West760,000
OyoSouth West736,000
ZariaNorth West695,000
EnuguSouth East689,000
Port HarcourtSouth South638,000
AbeokutaSouth West593,000
SokotoNorth West564,000
OnitshaSouth East561,000
MaiduguriNorth East543,000
WarriSouth South536,000
OkeneNorth Central479,000
CalabarSouth South462,000
UyoSouth South437,000
KatsinaNorth West432,000
Ado-EkitiSouth West424,000
AkureSouth West421,000
BauchiNorth East316,000
IkejaSouth West313,000
MakurdiNorth Central293,000
MinnaNorth Central292,000

Political indicators

(Based on the "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project of the World Bank)

Political stability:
Rule of law:
Regulatory quality:
Voice accountability:
Death penalty:constitutionally allowed

Existing trade agreements


Comparison: Ghana / NigeriaCountry comparison: Ghana / NigeriaNigeria and Ghana compared: demography, Economy, energy, languages and further dimensions.
Cameroon: OverviewCameroon: country data and statisticsCameroon in numbers: demographics, economy, energy, climate and more data and comparisons with other countries.
Developing countriesList of 152 developing countriesList of all 152 developing countries with below-average living standards