Picture: krockenmitte/photocase

Arabic speaking countries

Arabic is the official language in 21 countries and is partly spoken as mother tongue in 11 other countries. The Arabic language (native name: العربية) has its roots in the Afro-Asiatic language family.

With a share of around 100%, it is most widespread in Western Sahara. A total of about 340.8 million people worldwide speak Arabic as their mother tongue.

CountryRegionOfficial languageDistributionTotal
EgyptNorthern Africayes98.8 %97,243,000
AlgeriaNorthern Africayes86.0 %36,316,000
Saudi ArabiaWestern Asiayes95.0 %32,015,000
IraqWestern Asiayes77.2 %29,671,000
YemenWestern Asiayes99.6 %28,385,000
MoroccoNorthern Africayes65.0 %23,419,000
SudanNorthern Africayes49.4 %20,650,000
SyriaWestern Asiayes90.0 %15,216,000
JordanWestern Asiayes97.9 %9,747,000
TunisiaNorthern Africayes69.9 %8,084,000
LibyaNorthern Africayes96.0 %6,411,000
LebanonWestern Asiayes93.0 %6,370,000
PalestineWestern Asiano95.9 %4,382,000
United Arab EmiratesWestern Asiayes42.0 %4,045,000
OmanWestern Asiayes76.7 %3,704,000
KuwaitWestern Asiayes78.1 %3,231,000
ChadCentral Africayes12.3 %1,904,000
FranceWestern Europeno2.5 %1,675,000
IranSouth Asiano2.0 %1,636,000
IsraelWestern Asiayes18.0 %1,599,000
TurkeyWestern Asiano1.4 %1,152,000
QatarWestern Asiayes40.7 %1,132,000
BahrainWestern Asiayes67.7 %1,063,000
Western SaharaNorthern Africayes100.0 %620,000
CanadaNorth Americano1.1 %408,000
AustraliaAustralia/New Zealandno1.3 %325,000
NetherlandsWestern Europeno0.9 %155,000
DjiboutiEastern Africayes10.6 %102,000
SwedenNorthern Europeno0.8 %81,000
DenmarkNorthern Europeno0.7 %41,000
CyprusWestern Asiano1.2 %14,000
GibraltarSouthern Europeno7.4 %2,000