Electric chair (Florida Department of Corrections)

Death penalties by country

In 93 countries, there is a death penalty imposed by law. Of these, 8 countries apply the death penalty only to particularly serious crimes such as, war crimes. It has also been discontinued in 28 countries for at least 10 years - although there can still be penalties with pending executions.

In 2019 alone, 3334 people were sentenced to death and at least 1671 were actually executed.

Death penalties by country in 2019

no death penalty
only on serious crimes
death penatly abolished in practice
death penalty imposed and enforced

The following table contains the countries where a death penalty was legally possible in 2019. All data are provided by Amnesty International, where only registered and evaluated cases have been listed.

CountryStatusExecutionsDeath sentences
Afghanistanactive014
Algeriaabolished in practice04
Antigua and Barbudaactive00
Bahamasactive00
Bahrainactive34
Bangladeshactive2220
Barbadosactive00
Belarusactive23
Belizeactive00
Botswanaactive14
Brazilonly for serious crimes00
Bruneiabolished in practice00
Burkina Fasoonly for serious crimes00
Burmaabolished in practice04
Cameroonabolished in practice00
Central African Republicabolished in practice00
Chadactive00
Chileonly for serious crimes00
China*active1,000+1,000+
Comorosactive00
Cubaactive00
Democratic Republic of the Congoactive08
Dominica (2016)active00
Egyptactive32435
El Salvadoronly for serious crimes00
Equatorial Guineaactive00
Eritreaabolished in practice00
Ethiopiaactive00
Gambiaactive01
Ghanaabolished in practice08
Grenadaabolished in practice00
Guatemalaonly for serious crimes00
Guyanaactive02
Indiaactive0102
Indonesiaactive080
Iranactive251unknown
Iraqactive100+87
Israelonly for serious crimes00
Jamaicaactive00
Japanactive32
Jordanactive08
Kazakhstanonly for serious crimes00
Kenyaabolished in practice029
Kuwaitactive05
Laosabolished in practice00
Lebanonactive023
Lesothoactive00
Liberiaabolished in practice00
Libyaactive00
Malawiabolished in practice08
Malaysiaactive026
Maldivesabolished in practice02
Maliabolished in practice04
Mauritaniaabolished in practice08
Moroccoabolished in practice07
Nigerabolished in practice08
Nigeriaactive054
North Koreaactiveunknownunknown
Omanactive07
Pakistanactive14632
Palestineactive04
Papua New Guineaabolished in practice00
Peruonly for serious crimes00
Puerto Ricoactive2235
Qataractive02
Russiaabolished in practice00
Saint Kitts and Nevisactive00
Saint Luciaactive00
Saint Vincent and the Grenadinesactive00
Saudi Arabiaactive1845
Sierra Leoneabolished in practice021
Singaporeactive412
Somaliaactive1224
South Koreaabolished in practice01
South Sudanactive114
Sri Lankaabolished in practice034
Sudanactive131
Swazilandabolished in practice00
Syriaactiveunknownunknown
Taiwanactive02
Tajikistanabolished in practice00
Tanzaniaabolished in practice04
Thailandactive016
Tongaabolished in practice00
Trinidad and Tobagoactive08
Tunisiaabolished in practice039
Ugandaactive02
United Arab Emiratesactive018
United Statesactive2235
Vietnamactiveunknown76
Yemenactive755
Zambiaabolished in practice0101
Zimbabweactive06

* Note on China
The figures for China are the same as for Anmesty International, but please note that these are no longer even estimates in the case of China. Due to the secrecy of the actual case figures on the part of the Chinese government, it is not possible to give correct values. Amnesty International and other human rights organisations speak of several thousand executions per year.

Types of executions

Executions always depend on the laws of the country in question. The most common species since the turn of the millennium: