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WTO

Member states of the WTO - World Trade Organization


The WTO is an alliance of states of currently 159 countries from almost all regions worldwide.

All member states comprise a total area of 117.87 million km² and about 7.19 billion people. This is 78.0% of the habitable area around the world and 93% of the world population. With an economic output of 82,190.65 tn US dollars annually, they represent around 97 percent of the global economy.

Map of member countries: WTO - World Trade Organization

CountryCommencementPopulationArea
Albania20002.84 M29,000 km²
Angola199632.87 M1,247,000 km²
Antigua and Barbuda19950.10 M440 km²
Argentina199545.38 M2,780,000 km²
Armenia20032.96 M30,000 km²
Australia199525.69 M7,741,000 km²
Austria19958.92 M84,000 km²
Bahrain19951.70 M778 km²
Bangladesh1995164.69 M148,000 km²
Barbados19950.29 M430 km²
Belgium199511.56 M31,000 km²
Belize19950.40 M23,000 km²
Benin199612.12 M115,000 km²
Bolivia199511.67 M1,099,000 km²
Botswana19952.35 M582,000 km²
Brazil1995212.56 M8,516,000 km²
Brunei19950.44 M5,770 km²
Bulgaria19966.93 M111,000 km²
Burkina Faso199520.90 M274,000 km²
Burma199554.41 M677,000 km²
Burundi199511.89 M28,000 km²
Cambodia200416.72 M181,000 km²
Cameroon199526.55 M475,000 km²
Canada199538.01 M9,985,000 km²
Cape Verde20080.56 M4,030 km²
Central Africa19954.83 M623,000 km²
Chad199616.43 M1,284,000 km²
Chile199519.12 M757,000 km²
China20011,402.11 M9,563,000 km²
Colombia199550.88 M1,142,000 km²
Congo19975.52 M342,000 km²
Congo (Dem. Republic)199789.56 M2,345,000 km²
Costa Rica19955.09 M51,000 km²
Croatia20004.05 M57,000 km²
Cuba199511.33 M110,000 km²
Cyprus19951.21 M9,250 km²
Czechia199510.70 M79,000 km²
Denmark19955.83 M43,000 km²
Djibouti19950.99 M23,000 km²
Dominica19950.07 M750 km²
Dominican Republic199510.85 M49,000 km²
Ecuador199617.64 M256,000 km²
Egypt1995102.33 M1,001,000 km²
El Salvador19956.49 M21,000 km²
Estonia19991.33 M45,000 km²
Eswatini19951.16 M17,000 km²
Fiji19960.90 M18,000 km²
Finland19955.53 M338,000 km²
France199567.39 M549,000 km²
Gabon19952.23 M268,000 km²
Gambia19962.42 M11,000 km²
Georgia20003.71 M70,000 km²
Germany199583.24 M358,000 km²
Ghana199531.07 M239,000 km²
Greece199510.72 M132,000 km²
Grenada19960.11 M340 km²
Guatemala199516.86 M109,000 km²
Guinea199513.13 M246,000 km²
Guinea-Bissau19951.97 M36,000 km²
Guyana19950.79 M215,000 km²
Haiti199611.40 M28,000 km²
Honduras19959.90 M112,000 km²
Hong Kong19957.48 M1,110 km²
Hungary19959.75 M93,000 km²
Iceland19950.37 M103,000 km²
India19951,380.00 M3,287,000 km²
Indonesia1995273.52 M1,914,000 km²
Ireland19954.99 M70,000 km²
Israel19959.22 M22,000 km²
Italy199559.55 M301,000 km²
Ivory Coast199526.38 M322,000 km²
Jamaica19952.96 M11,000 km²
Japan1995125.84 M378,000 km²
Jordan200010.20 M89,000 km²
Kenya199553.77 M580,000 km²
Kuwait19954.27 M18,000 km²
Kyrgyzstan19986.59 M200,000 km²
Laos20137.28 M237,000 km²
Latvia19991.90 M64,000 km²
Lesotho19952.14 M30,000 km²
Liechtenstein19950.04 M161 km²
Lithuania20012.79 M65,000 km²
Luxembourg19950.63 M2,590 km²
Macao19950.65 M30 km²
Madagascar199527.69 M587,000 km²
Malawi199519.13 M118,000 km²
Malaysia199532.37 M330,000 km²
Maldives19950.54 M300 km²
Mali199520.25 M1,240,000 km²
Malta19950.53 M320 km²
Mauritania19954.65 M1,031,000 km²
Mauritius19951.27 M2,040 km²
Mexico1995128.93 M1,964,000 km²
Moldova20012.62 M34,000 km²
Mongolia19973.28 M1,564,000 km²
Montenegro20120.62 M14,000 km²
Morocco199536.91 M447,000 km²
Mozambique199531.26 M786,000 km²
Namibia19952.54 M824,000 km²
Nepal200429.14 M147,000 km²
Netherlands199517.44 M42,000 km²
New Zealand19955.08 M268,000 km²
Nicaragua19956.62 M130,000 km²
Niger199624.21 M1,267,000 km²
Nigeria1995206.14 M924,000 km²
North Macedonia20032.08 M26,000 km²
Norway19955.38 M385,000 km²
Oman20005.11 M310,000 km²
Pakistan1995220.89 M796,000 km²
Panama19974.31 M75,000 km²
Papua New Guinea19968.95 M463,000 km²
Paraguay19957.13 M407,000 km²
Peru199532.97 M1,285,000 km²
Philippines1995109.58 M300,000 km²
Poland199537.95 M313,000 km²
Portugal199510.31 M92,000 km²
Qatar19962.88 M12,000 km²
Romania199519.29 M238,000 km²
Russia2012144.10 M17,098,000 km²
Rwanda199612.95 M26,000 km²
Saint Kitts and Nevis19960.05 M260 km²
Saint Lucia19950.18 M620 km²
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines19950.11 M390 km²
Samoa20120.20 M2,840 km²
Saudi Arabia200534.81 M2,150,000 km²
Senegal199516.74 M197,000 km²
Sierra Leone19957.98 M72,000 km²
Singapore19955.69 M719 km²
Slovakia19955.46 M49,000 km²
Slovenia19952.10 M21,000 km²
Solomon Islands19960.69 M29,000 km²
South Africa199559.31 M1,219,000 km²
South Korea199551.78 M100,000 km²
Spain199547.35 M506,000 km²
Sri Lanka199521.92 M66,000 km²
Suriname19950.59 M164,000 km²
Sweden199510.35 M447,000 km²
Switzerland19958.64 M41,000 km²
Taiwan200223.57 M36,000 km²
Tajikistan20139.54 M141,000 km²
Tanzania199559.73 M947,000 km²
Thailand199569.80 M513,000 km²
Togo19958.28 M57,000 km²
Tonga20070.11 M750 km²
Trinidad and Tobago19951.40 M5,130 km²
Tunisia199511.82 M164,000 km²
Turkey199584.34 M785,000 km²
Uganda199545.74 M242,000 km²
Ukraine200844.13 M604,000 km²
United Arab Emirates19969.89 M84,000 km²
United Kingdom199567.22 M244,000 km²
United States1995329.48 M9,832,000 km²
Uruguay19953.47 M176,000 km²
Vanuatu20120.31 M12,000 km²
Venezuela199528.44 M912,000 km²
Vietnam200797.34 M331,000 km²
Yemen201429.83 M528,000 km²
Zambia199518.38 M753,000 km²
Zimbabwe199514.86 M391,000 km²


Dependent territories

Some of the above member states have other dependent outlying areas. These are not independent states, but they do have some economic and political autonomy. The treaties concluded by the WTO apply to them at least in part. However, these countries are not listed as official member states.

CountryRegionDependency
ÅlandNorthern EuropeTerritory of Finland
American SamoaPolynesiaselbstregiertes Territorium der USA
AnguillaCaribbeanselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
ArubaCaribbeanTerritorium des Niederländischen Königreiches
BermudaNorth Americaselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
BonaireCaribbeanTerritory of the Netherlands
Bouvet IslandSouth AmericaTerritory of Norway
British Indian Ocean TerritoryEastern AfricaTerritory of the United Kingdom
British Virgin IslandsCaribbeanselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
Cayman IslandsCaribbeanselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
Christmas IslandAustralia/New Zealandnicht selbstregiertes Territorium Australiens
Cocos IslandsAustralia/New Zealandnicht selbstregiertes Territorium Australiens
Falkland IslandsSouth Americaselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
Faroe IslandsNorthern EuropeTerritorium des dänischen Königreiches
French Antarctic LandsAntarcticaTerritory of France
French GuianaSouth AmericaTerritory of France
French PolynesiaPolynesiaTerritorium Frankreichs
GibraltarSouthern Europeselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
GreenlandNorth AmericaTerritorium des dänischen Königreiches
GuadeloupeCaribbeanTerritory of France
GuamMicronesiaselbstregiertes nicht-inkorporiertes Territorium der USA
GuernseyNorthern Europeautonomer Kronbesitz des Vereinigten Königreiches
Heard and McDonaldAustralia/New ZealandTerritory of Australia
Isle of ManNorthern Europeautonomer Kronbesitz des Vereinigten Königreiches
JerseyNorthern Europeautonomer Kronbesitz des Vereinigten Königreiches
MartiniqueCaribbeanTerritory of France
MayotteEastern AfricaTerritory of France
MontserratCaribbeanselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
New CaledoniaMelanesiaTerritorium Frankreichs
Norfolk IslandAustralia/New ZealandTerritorium Australiens
Northern MarianasMicronesiaTerritory of the United States
Pitcairn IslandsPolynesiaBritisches Überseegebiet
Puerto RicoCaribbeannicht-inkorporiertes Territorium der USA
ReunionEastern AfricaTerritory of France
Saint BarthelemyCaribbeanTerritory of France
Saint HelenaWestern Africabeschränkt selbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
Saint MartinCaribbeanautonomes Territorium des Niederlandischen Königreichs
Saint Pierre and MiquelonNorth AmericaTerritorium Frankreichs
South Georgia and South Sandwich IslandsSouth AmericaTerritory of the United Kingdom
St. MartinCaribbeanTerritory of France
SvalbardNorthern EuropeTerritory of Norway
TokelauPolynesiaTerritorium Neuseelands
Turks and Caicos IslandsCaribbeanselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
Virgin IslandsCaribbeanselbstregiertes Territorium der USA
Wallis and FutunaPolynesiaTerritorium Frankreichs