Member states of the WTO
World Trade Organization


The WTO is an alliance of currently 159 countries from almost all regions worldwide.

All member states comprise a total area of 117.87 million km² and about 7.12 billion people.
This is 78.3% of the habitable area around the world and 93% of the world population.
CountryCommencementRegionAreaPopulation
Albania2000Southern Europe29,000 km²2.85 M
Angola1996Central Africa1,247,000 km²31.83 M
Antigua and Barbuda1995Caribbean440 km²0.10 M
Argentina1995South America2,780,000 km²44.94 M
Armenia2003Western Asia30,000 km²2.96 M
Australia1995Australia/New Zealand7,741,000 km²25.36 M
Austria1995Western Europe84,000 km²8.88 M
Bahrain1995Western Asia778 km²1.64 M
Bangladesh1995South Asia148,000 km²163.05 M
Barbados1995Caribbean430 km²0.29 M
Belgium1995Western Europe31,000 km²11.48 M
Belize1995Central America23,000 km²0.39 M
Benin1996Western Africa115,000 km²11.80 M
Bolivia1995South America1,099,000 km²11.51 M
Botswana1995Southern Africa582,000 km²2.30 M
Brazil1995South America8,516,000 km²211.05 M
Brunei1995Southeast Asia5,770 km²0.43 M
Bulgaria1996Eastern Europe111,000 km²6.98 M
Burkina Faso1995Western Africa274,000 km²20.32 M
Burma1995Southeast Asia677,000 km²54.05 M
Burundi1995Eastern Africa28,000 km²11.53 M
Cambodia2004Southeast Asia181,000 km²16.49 M
Cameroon1995Central Africa475,000 km²25.88 M
Canada1995North America9,985,000 km²37.59 M
Cape Verde2008Western Africa4,030 km²0.55 M
Central African Republic1995Central Africa623,000 km²4.75 M
Chad1996Central Africa1,284,000 km²15.95 M
Chile1995South America757,000 km²18.95 M
China2001East Asia9,563,000 km²1,397.72 M
Colombia1995South America1,142,000 km²50.34 M
Costa Rica1995Central America51,000 km²5.05 M
Croatia2000Southern Europe57,000 km²4.07 M
Cuba1995Caribbean110,000 km²11.33 M
Cyprus1995Western Asia9,250 km²1.20 M
Czechia1995Eastern Europe79,000 km²10.67 M
Democratic Republic of the Congo1997Central Africa2,345,000 km²86.79 M
Denmark1995Northern Europe43,000 km²5.82 M
Djibouti1995Eastern Africa23,000 km²0.97 M
Dominica1995Caribbean750 km²0.07 M
Dominican Republic1995Caribbean49,000 km²10.74 M
Ecuador1996South America256,000 km²17.37 M
Egypt1995Northern Africa1,001,000 km²100.39 M
El Salvador1995Central America21,000 km²6.45 M
Estonia1999Northern Europe45,000 km²1.33 M
Fiji1996Melanesia18,000 km²0.89 M
Finland1995Northern Europe338,000 km²5.52 M
France1995Western Europe549,000 km²67.06 M
Gabon1995Central Africa268,000 km²2.17 M
Gambia1996Western Africa11,000 km²2.35 M
Georgia2000Western Asia70,000 km²3.72 M
Germany1995Western Europe358,000 km²83.13 M
Ghana1995Western Africa239,000 km²30.42 M
Greece1995Southern Europe132,000 km²10.72 M
Grenada1996Caribbean340 km²0.11 M
Guatemala1995Central America109,000 km²16.60 M
Guinea1995Western Africa246,000 km²12.77 M
Guinea-Bissau1995Western Africa36,000 km²1.92 M
Guyana1995South America215,000 km²0.78 M
Haiti1996Caribbean28,000 km²11.26 M
Honduras1995Central America112,000 km²9.75 M
Hong Kong1995East Asia1,110 km²7.51 M
Hungary1995Eastern Europe93,000 km²9.77 M
Iceland1995Northern Europe103,000 km²0.36 M
India1995South Asia3,287,000 km²1,366.42 M
Indonesia1995Southeast Asia1,914,000 km²270.63 M
Ireland1995British Isles70,000 km²4.94 M
Israel1995Western Asia22,000 km²9.05 M
Italy1995Southern Europe301,000 km²60.30 M
Ivory Coast1995Western Africa322,000 km²25.72 M
Jamaica1995Caribbean11,000 km²2.95 M
Japan1995East Asia378,000 km²126.26 M
Jordan2000Western Asia89,000 km²10.10 M
Kenya1995Eastern Africa580,000 km²52.57 M
Kuwait1995Western Asia18,000 km²4.21 M
Kyrgyzstan1998Central Asia200,000 km²6.46 M
Laos2013Southeast Asia237,000 km²7.17 M
Latvia1999Northern Europe64,000 km²1.91 M
Lesotho1995Southern Africa30,000 km²2.13 M
Liechtenstein1995Western Europe160 km²0.04 M
Lithuania2001Northern Europe65,000 km²2.79 M
Luxembourg1995Western Europe2,590 km²0.62 M
Macao1995East Asia30 km²0.64 M
Madagascar1995Eastern Africa587,000 km²26.97 M
Malawi1995Eastern Africa118,000 km²18.63 M
Malaysia1995Southeast Asia330,000 km²31.95 M
Maldives1995South Asia300 km²0.53 M
Mali1995Western Africa1,240,000 km²19.66 M
Malta1995Southern Europe320 km²0.50 M
Mauritania1995Western Africa1,031,000 km²4.53 M
Mauritius1995Eastern Africa2,040 km²1.27 M
Mexico1995Central America1,964,000 km²127.58 M
Moldova2001Eastern Europe34,000 km²2.66 M
Mongolia1997East Asia1,564,000 km²3.23 M
Montenegro2012Southern Europe14,000 km²0.62 M
Morocco1995Northern Africa447,000 km²36.47 M
Mozambique1995Eastern Africa786,000 km²30.37 M
Namibia1995Southern Africa824,000 km²2.49 M
Nepal2004South Asia147,000 km²28.61 M
Netherlands1995Western Europe42,000 km²17.33 M
New Zealand1995Australia/New Zealand268,000 km²4.92 M
Nicaragua1995Central America130,000 km²6.55 M
Niger1996Western Africa1,267,000 km²23.31 M
Nigeria1995Western Africa924,000 km²200.96 M
North Macedonia2003Southern Europe26,000 km²2.08 M
Norway1995Northern Europe385,000 km²5.35 M
Oman2000Western Asia310,000 km²4.97 M
Pakistan1995South Asia796,000 km²216.57 M
Panama1997Central America75,000 km²4.25 M
Papua New Guinea1996Melanesia463,000 km²8.78 M
Paraguay1995South America407,000 km²7.04 M
Peru1995South America1,285,000 km²32.51 M
Philippines1995Southeast Asia300,000 km²108.12 M
Poland1995Eastern Europe313,000 km²37.97 M
Portugal1995Southern Europe92,000 km²10.27 M
Qatar1996Western Asia12,000 km²2.83 M
Republic of the Congo1997Central Africa342,000 km²5.38 M
Romania1995Eastern Europe238,000 km²19.36 M
Russia2012Eastern Europe17,098,000 km²144.37 M
Rwanda1996Eastern Africa26,000 km²12.63 M
Saint Kitts and Nevis1996Caribbean260 km²0.05 M
Saint Lucia1995Caribbean620 km²0.18 M
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines1995Caribbean390 km²0.11 M
Samoa2012Polynesia2,840 km²0.20 M
Saudi Arabia2005Western Asia2,150,000 km²34.27 M
Senegal1995Western Africa197,000 km²16.30 M
Sierra Leone1995Western Africa72,000 km²7.81 M
Singapore1995Southeast Asia719 km²5.70 M
Slovakia1995Eastern Europe49,000 km²5.45 M
Slovenia1995Southern Europe21,000 km²2.09 M
Solomon Islands1996Melanesia29,000 km²0.67 M
South Africa1995Southern Africa1,219,000 km²58.56 M
South Korea1995East Asia100,000 km²51.71 M
Spain1995Southern Europe506,000 km²47.08 M
Sri Lanka1995South Asia66,000 km²21.80 M
Suriname1995South America164,000 km²0.58 M
Swaziland1995Southern Africa17,000 km²1.15 M
Sweden1995Northern Europe447,000 km²10.29 M
Switzerland1995Western Europe41,000 km²8.57 M
Taiwan2002East Asia36,000 km²23.60 M
Tajikistan2013Central Asia141,000 km²9.32 M
Tanzania1995Eastern Africa947,000 km²58.01 M
Thailand1995Southeast Asia513,000 km²69.63 M
Togo1995Western Africa57,000 km²8.08 M
Tonga2007Polynesia750 km²0.10 M
Trinidad and Tobago1995Caribbean5,130 km²1.39 M
Tunisia1995Northern Africa164,000 km²11.69 M
Turkey1995Western Asia785,000 km²83.43 M
Uganda1995Eastern Africa242,000 km²44.27 M
Ukraine2008Eastern Europe604,000 km²44.39 M
United Arab Emirates1996Western Asia84,000 km²9.77 M
United Kingdom1995British Isles244,000 km²66.83 M
United States1995North America9,832,000 km²328.24 M
Uruguay1995South America176,000 km²3.46 M
Vanuatu2012Melanesia12,000 km²0.30 M
Venezuela1995South America912,000 km²28.52 M
Vietnam2007Southeast Asia331,000 km²96.46 M
Yemen2014Western Asia528,000 km²29.16 M
Zambia1995Eastern Africa753,000 km²17.86 M
Zimbabwe1995Eastern Africa391,000 km²14.65 M


Dependent territories

Some of the above member states have other dependent outlying areas. These are not independent states, but they do have some economic and political autonomy. The treaties concluded by the WTO apply to them at least in part. However, these countries are not listed as official member states.

CountryRegionDependency
Åland IslandsNorthern EuropeTerritory of Finland
American SamoaPolynesiaselbstregiertes Territorium der USA
AnguillaCaribbeanselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
ArubaCaribbeanTerritorium des Niederländischen Königreiches
BermudaNorth Americaselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and SabaCaribbeanTerritory of the Netherlands
Bouvet IslandSouth AmericaTerritory of Norway
British Indian Ocean TerritoryEastern AfricaTerritory of the United Kingdom
British Virgin IslandsCaribbeanselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
Cayman IslandsCaribbeanselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
Christmas IslandAustralia/New Zealandnicht selbstregiertes Territorium Australiens
Cocos (Keeling) IslandsAustralia/New Zealandnicht selbstregiertes Territorium Australiens
Falkland IslandsSouth Americaselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
Faroe IslandsNorthern EuropeTerritorium des dänischen Königreiches
French GuianaSouth AmericaTerritory of France
French PolynesiaPolynesiaTerritorium Frankreichs
French Southern and Antarctic LandsAntarcticaTerritory of France
GibraltarSouthern Europeselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
GreenlandNorth AmericaTerritorium des dänischen Königreiches
GuadeloupeCaribbeanTerritory of France
GuamMicronesiaselbstregiertes nicht-inkorporiertes Territorium der USA
GuernseyBritish Islesautonomer Kronbesitz des Vereinigten Königreiches
Heard Island and McDonald IslandsAustralia/New ZealandTerritory of Australia
Isle of ManBritish Islesautonomer Kronbesitz des Vereinigten Königreiches
JerseyBritish Islesautonomer Kronbesitz des Vereinigten Königreiches
MartiniqueCaribbeanTerritory of France
MayotteEastern AfricaTerritory of France
MontserratCaribbeanselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
New CaledoniaMelanesiaTerritorium Frankreichs
Norfolk IslandAustralia/New ZealandTerritorium Australiens
Pitcairn IslandsPolynesiaBritisches Überseegebiet
Puerto RicoCaribbeannicht-inkorporiertes Territorium der USA
ReunionEastern AfricaTerritory of France
Saint BarthelemyCaribbeanTerritory of France
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaWestern Africabeschränkt selbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
Saint MartinCaribbeanTerritory of France
Saint Pierre and MiquelonNorth AmericaTerritorium Frankreichs
Sint MaartenCaribbeanautonomes Territorium des Niederlandischen Königreichs
South Georgia and South Sandwich IslandsSouth AmericaTerritory of the United Kingdom
SvalbardNorthern EuropeTerritory of Norway
TokelauPolynesiaTerritorium Neuseelands
Turks and Caicos IslandsCaribbeanselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
Virgin IslandsCaribbeanselbstregiertes Territorium der USA
Wallis and FutunaPolynesiaTerritorium Frankreichs