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Country comparison

Germany

Italy

Germany
All information: Germany
 
Italy
All information: Italy
 
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This country comparison is a concise, tabular overview of numerous data from our respective country pages for Germany and Italy. For further information and explanations, we provide many details per country that go far beyond this comparison. For example, there are separate sub-pages for both countries on economy, climate, energy, inflation, population, tourism and much more.
In addition, we offer several international comparisons on individual topics, which are also linked on this page.

General information

 GermanyItaly
Region:Western EuropeSouthern Europe
Area:357,580 km²301,340 km²
Official language:GermanItalian
Government form:Federal parliamentary republicParliamentary republic
Independent since:1991 AD1861 AD
Capital:BerlinRome

Population

Details for Germany and Italy
 GermanyItaly
Population:83,129,00059,066,000
Inhabitants/km²:232.5196.0
Life expectancy males:Ø 79 yearsØ 80 years
Life expectancy females:Ø 83 yearsØ 85 years
Average age:Ø 47.8 yearsØ 46.5 years
Birthrate:9.30 ‰6.80 ‰
Deathrate:11.90 ‰12.60 ‰
Migrationrate:1.78 ‰3.02 ‰

Quality of life

Values from 0 (bad) to 100 (very good)
See also: Explanations and country ranking on quality of life
 GermanyItaly
Political stability:8468
Civil rights:9566
Health:9687
Climate:2157
Cost of Living:4430
Popularity:4259

Economy

Details for Germany and Italy
 GermanyItaly
Currency: euro
(1 EUR = 100 Cent)
euro
(1 EUR =100 Cent)
Unemployment rate:3.5 %9.8 %
Inflation rate:3.14 %1.87 %
Cost of Living:
(USA = 100%)
92.29 %86.17 %
Commercial taxes and contributions:48.80 %59.10 %
Average income:51,040 US$35,710 US$
Corruption index:20 (good)44 (moderate)

 DEU:
total
per 1000
inh.
ITA:
total
per 1000
inh.
Gross domestic product:4,223,116 M US$50.80 M US$2,099,880 M US$35.55 M US$
Gross national product:4,242,859 M US$51.04 M US$2,109,498 M US$35.71 M US$
Exported goods:2,003,462 M US$24.10 M US$686,781 M US$11.63 M US$
Imported goods:1,774,553 M US$21.35 M US$635,713 M US$10.76 M US$
Gross debt:2,737,158 M US$32.93 M US$3,167,165 M US$53.62 M US$
Budget deficit:171,782 M US$2.07 M US$151,772 M US$2.57 M US$

Infrastructure

Details for Germany and Italy
 DEU:
total
per 1000
inh.
ITA:
total
per 1000
inh.
Roadways:625,000 km7.52 km487,700 km8.26 km
Railways:33,422 km0.40 km16,779 km0.28 km
Waterways:7,467 km0.09 km2,400 km0.04 km
Harbours:5990.00721,2960.0219
Passenger airports:370.0004430.0007

Energy balance

Details for Germany and Italy
 DEU:
total
per 1000
inh.
ITA:
total
per 1000
inh.
Energy consumption:536.50 bn kWh6.45 m kWh293.50 bn kWh4.97 m kWh
Energy production:612.80 bn kWh7.37 m kWh275.30 bn kWh4.66 m kWh
Energy export:78.86 bn kWh948,642.83 kWh6.16 bn kWh104,205.07 kWh
Energy imports:28.34 bn kWh340,914.76 kWh43.18 bn kWh731,043.84 kWh
CO2 emissions:657.40 m t7,908.16 t317.24 m t5,370.92 t

Telecommunication

Details for Germany and Italy
 GermanyItaly
International dialing:+49+39
Internet domain:.de.it

 DEU
total
DEU
per 1000
inh.
ITA
total
ITA
per 1000
inh.
Landlines:38,300,00046119,607,341332
Mobile cellulars:107,400,000129277,581,0481313
Internet server:20,043,00024125,662,000434
Internet users:74,660,85689841,631,900705
Broadband Internet:36,215,30343618,128,787307

Healthcare system

Details for Germany and Italy
 GermanyItaly
Hospital beds per 1000 inh.:8.003.14
Physicians per 1000 inh.:4.214.09
Diabetes:10.4 %5.0 %
HIV:0.06 %0.04 %
Tuberculosis:0.06 ‰0.07 ‰
Tuberculosis cure rate:69.0 %95.0 %
Smokers:22.0 %23.1 %

Climate

We also provide a more detailed climate comparison of both countries.
The data for each country can be found here: Germany and Italy
 GermanyItaly
Daytime temperatures:13.8 °C17.8 °C
Nighttime temperatures:5.6 °C9.9 °C
Water temperature:9.9 °C17.7 °C
Rel. humidity:79 %70 %
Rain days:9.86.1
Sunshine hours per day:4.76.2

Native languages

 GermanyItaly
Italian:0.7 %94.1 %
German:90.1 %0.5 %
Russian:3.6 %n/a
Sardinian:n/a2.7 %
Turkish:2.6 %n/a
South Slavic languages:1.4 %n/a
Friuli:n/a1.2 %
French:n/a0.5 %
Greek:0.4 %n/a
Polish:0.3 %n/a
Albanian:n/a0.2 %
Slovenian:n/a0.2 %
Romany:n/a0.2 %
other:0.9 %0.4 %

Religions

 GermanyItaly
Christianity:58.5 %91.6 %
Nondenominational:31.0 %5.8 %
Islam:4.7 %1.9 %
Buddhism:0.3 %0.3 %
Yazidism:0.3 %n/a
Hinduism:0.1 %0.2 %
Sikhism:n/a0.1 %
Jewry:0.1 %0.1 %
other:5.1 %0.0 %

Data inventory and updates

A country comparison like this can be based on several hundred individual data items from dozens of different sources. All data are based on the most recent data available to us. Most of them refer to the previous year and are updated around March of the following year. If a country has not yet published data for the most recent or penultimate year, we present the most recent official data. Updates are made on an ongoing basis depending on the subject area or source, so there is no single "cutoff date" for this comparison. Sources for almost all data can be found on our respective country pages.