Picture Languages

Romany speaking countries

Romany is no official language in any country, but is spoken as a mother tongue in nine countries by a minor part of the population.

As a percentage of the total population, the largest share of around 4 percent is in Bulgaria. A total of about 956,445.0 people worldwide speak Romany as their mother tongue.
Distribution Romany

CountryRegionOfficial languageDistributionTotal
BulgariaEastern Europeno3.8 %261,000
RomaniaEastern Europeno1.2 %229,000
ItalySouthern Europeno0.2 %118,000
SerbiaSouthern Europeno1.4 %96,000
SlovakiaEastern Europeno1.7 %93,000
HungaryEastern Europeno0.8 %78,000
North MacedoniaSouthern Europeno1.9 %39,000
CzechiaEastern Europeno0.3 %32,000
KosovoSouthern Europeno0.6 %11,000

Unless otherwise described in the text, this page is about native speakers — not the total number of speakers. How many people understand or speak Romany as a subsequently learned language is not the subject of this page. Countries where native speakers make up only a few thousand, or even a few hundred people, or countries with a percentage well below 1% are unlikely to be listed here.