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Corona virus and healthcare in Italy

Healthcare in Italy

The effectiveness of the health care system in Italy is well above average in a global comparison.

Probably the most important indicator that can be used to summarize the efficiency of all measures is general life expectancy. In other words, the theoretical age that a newborn child could potentially reach today. At the moment this age in Italy is 81.2 years for men and 85.6 years for women. For comparison: worldwide life expectancy is about 10.8 years lower (men: 70.4 / women: 74.9 years).

In total, the sum of 2,989.00 USD is spent per year and inhabitant. This corresponds to approximately 8.7% of the gross domestic product. Internationally, this amount averages 1,110.84 USD (~ 9.8% of the respective GDP).


Back to overview: Italy

Distribution of the corona virus

Spread of the corona virus in Italy

Currently: 24.1 new infections per day per 100,000 inhabitants
By April 12th, 2021, 3769814 infected persons and 114254 deaths have been reported in the country. The first confirmed infections were reported in February 2020, which is the date of the official notification. An additional 10-14 days are calculated for noticing one's own infection, the doctor's appointment, the laboratory test and, above all, the period from the infection until the first symptoms appear.

The total of 3,769,814 infected people represent 6.3% of the country's total population. The number of new infections during the 14th calendar week (04/05/2021 to 04/11/2021) was 101,550 , representing 24.1 cases per 100,000 inhabitants per day.


The first graph shows the number of reported infections per calendar week. The second graph below the number of deaths.

Mortality rate of infected persons

From the previously infected and deceased people, in Italy results in a mortality rate of 3.0%. However, it should be borne in mind that death occurs an average of 19 days after the first symptoms appear. The time of the actual infection is therefore followed by several days until a person affected has a medical test carried out and the results are available. In order to quantify mortality more precisely, one would therefore have to compare the deaths that have occurred to date with those reported 3,668,264 infected up to 14 days ago. This gives in Italy a new mortality rate of 3.0%.

Due to the current corona pandemic, we update the worldwide case numbers weekly. A list of all infected and dead people by country can be found on our Corona virus topic page.

Current development

Calendar weekInfectedDeaths
14/2021101,5503,224
13/2021136,2073,097
12/2021155,6812,991
11/2021153,2342,797
10/2021155,6562,360
09/2021142,2212,086
08/2021116,0191,981
07/202187,3672,141
06/202185,1412,304
05/202183,7062,757

Weight and size

MaleFemale
Body height174 cm161 cm
BMI26.724.9
Weight80.9 kg64.8 kg

Diseases

ItalyØ worldwide
Diabetes *5.00%8.81%
Tuberculosis0.01%0.13%
HIV / Aids0.01%0.04%

* The number of people suffering from diabetes refers only to inhabitants aged between 20 and 79 years.

Child vaccinations

ItalyØ worldwide
Measles94.0%85.7%
Hepatitis B0.10%0.09%
DTP *9.50%8.57%

* DTP is a three times combined basic vaccination against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus, which should be given to children up to the age of 23 months.

In Italy, 23.4% of all over 15-year-olds are still smokers.
7 percent of newborns are underweight.

Medical supplies

Corona virus and healthcare in ItalyThe medical care provided by doctors and hospitals in Italy is above average, but is not as good as the average within the EU. The country provides 3.4 hospital beds per 1000 inhabitants. The global mean here is 2.7 beds. Within the EU, 5.6 beds are available for every 1,000 residents.

With about 247,000 physicians in Italy, there are about 4.09 doctors per 1000 inhabitants. Here again the comparison: worldwide this standard is 1.50 physicians per 1000 inhabitants and in the EU even 3.57.

Through medical care, the mortality of major known diseases can be reduced to an above-average extent. For example, only about 10 percent of all people who suffer from cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or chylomicron retention disease (CRD) currently die.

Supply with drinking water

About 95 percent of the population has access to an immediately available, running drinking water supply. At least via springs and wells at a distance of no more than 30 minutes or supplied water, 99% of the population is supplied with largely clean drinking water. The population is thus better served than average. In a global comparison, only about 71% of the population has direct access to tested and always available drinking water. Within the European Union, this share is 97%. Only in a few countries does the proportion fall below 10%.

Sources

Above data correspond to the information of the World Health Organization, Global Health Workforce Statistics, UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, Global Health Observatory Data Repository and OECD. The case numbers for the spread of the corona virus come from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).