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Country comparison

India

Pakistan

India
All information: India
 
Pakistan
All information: Pakistan
 
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This country comparison is a concise, tabular overview of numerous data from our respective country pages for India and Pakistan. For further information and explanations, we provide many details per country that go far beyond this comparison. For example, there are separate sub-pages for both countries on economy, climate, energy, refugees, inflation, population and much more.
In addition, we offer several international comparisons on individual topics, which are also linked on this page.

General information

 IndiaPakistan
Region:South AsiaSouth Asia
Area:3,287,259 km²796,100 km²
Official language:HindiUrdu
Government form:Federal parliamentary republicFederal parliamentary republic
Independent since:1947 AD1947 AD
Capital:New DelhiIslamabad

Population

Details for India and Pakistan

 IndiaPakistan
Population:1,393,409,000225,200,000
Inhabitants/km²:423.9282.9
Life expectancy males:Ø 69 yearsØ 66 years
Life expectancy females:Ø 71 yearsØ 68 years
Average age:Ø 28.7 yearsØ 22.0 years
Birthrate:17.44 ‰27.38 ‰
Deathrate:7.30 ‰6.84 ‰
Migrationrate:0.16 ‰-0.96 ‰

Quality of life

Values from 0 (bad) to 100 (very good)
See also: Explanations and country ranking on quality of life

 IndiaPakistan
Political stability:5229
Civil rights:4527
Health:3531
Climate:6272
Cost of Living:4563
Popularity:4940

Economy

Details for India and Pakistan

 IndiaPakistan
Currency:Indian Rupee
(1 INR = 100 Paise)
Pakistanian Rupee
(1 PKR =100 Paisa)
Unemployment rate:6.0 %4.4 %
Inflation rate:5.13 %9.50 %
Cost of Living:
(USA = 100%)
28.80 %25.79 %
Commercial taxes and contributions:49.70 %33.90 %
Average income:2,170 US$1,500 US$
Corruption index:60 (bad)72 (very bad)


 IND:
total
per 1000
inh.
PAK:
total
per 1000
inh.
Gross domestic product:3,173,398 M US$2.28 M US$346,343 M US$1.54 M US$
Gross national product:3,027,515 M US$2.17 M US$338,864 M US$1.50 M US$
Exported goods:643,129 M US$0.46 M US$35,566 M US$0.16 M US$
Imported goods:717,831 M US$0.52 M US$76,392 M US$0.34 M US$

Infrastructure

Details for India and Pakistan

 IND:
total
per 1000
inh.
PAK:
total
per 1000
inh.
Roadways:4,699,024 km3.37 km263,775 km1.17 km
Railways:68,155 km0.05 km11,881 km0.05 km
Harbours:1,8010.0013570.0003
Passenger airports:820.0001340.0002

Energy balance

Details for India and Pakistan

 IND:
total
per 1000
inh.
PAK:
total
per 1000
inh.
Energy consumption:1,137.00 bn kWh815,984.38 kWh92.33 bn kWh409,991.25 kWh
Energy production:1,386.00 bn kWh994,682.80 kWh109.70 bn kWh487,122.71 kWh
Energy export:5.15 bn kWh3,695.97 kWh0.00 kWh0.00 kWh
Energy imports:5.62 bn kWh4,031.12 kWh490.00 m kWh2,175.84 kWh
CO2 emissions:2.46 bn t1,762.80 t190.57 m t846.23 t

Telecommunication

Details for India and Pakistan

 IndiaPakistan
International dialing:+91+92
Internet domain:.in.pk

 IND
total
IND
per 1000
inh.
PAK
total
PAK
per 1000
inh.
Landlines:20,052,162142,876,79413
Mobile cellulars:1,153,709,832828175,624,364780
Internet server:6,746,0005365,8132
Internet users:599,165,88443056,299,982250
Broadband Internet:22,950,000162,523,02711

Healthcare system

Details for India and Pakistan

 IndiaPakistan
Hospital beds per 1000 inh.:0.530.63
Physicians per 1000 inh.:0.780.98
Diabetes:10.4 %19.9 %
Malaria:5.3 %3.4 %
Tuberculosis:1.88 ‰2.59 ‰
Tuberculosis cure rate:84.0 %93.0 %
Smokers:27.2 %20.2 %

Climate

We also provide a more detailed climate comparison of both countries.
The data for each country can be found here: India and Pakistan

 IndiaPakistan
Daytime temperatures:31.7 °C30.8 °C
Nighttime temperatures:21.1 °C17.1 °C
Rel. humidity:66 %55 %
Rain days:7.93.8
Sunshine hours per day:6.28.0

Native languages

 IndiaPakistan
Punjabi:2.8 %48.2 %
Hindi:41.0 %n/a
Pashto:n/a13.1 %
Sindhi:n/a11.8 %
Saraiki:n/a9.8 %
Bengali:8.1 %n/a
Urdu:5.0 %7.6 %
Telugu:7.2 %n/a
Marathi:7.0 %n/a
Tamil:5.9 %n/a
Gujarati:4.5 %n/a
Kannada:3.7 %n/a
Oriya:3.2 %n/a
Malayalam:3.2 %n/a
Balochi:n/a3.0 %
Hindko:n/a2.4 %
Assamese:1.3 %n/a
Maithili:1.2 %n/a
Brahui:n/a1.2 %
other:5.9 %2.9 %

Religions

 IndiaPakistan
Islam:13.0 %95.0 %
Hinduism:79.8 %2.0 %
Christianity:2.3 %1.6 %
Sikhism:1.7 %n/a
Buddhism:0.7 %n/a
Jainism:0.4 %n/a
Bahaism:0.2 %n/a
other:1.9 %1.4 %


Data inventory and updates

A country comparison like this can be based on several hundred individual data items from dozens of different sources. All data are based on the most recent data available to us. Most of them refer to the previous year and are updated around March of the following year. If a country has not yet published data for the most recent or penultimate year, we present the most recent official data. Updates are made on an ongoing basis depending on the subject area or source, so there is no single "cutoff date" for this comparison. Sources for almost all data can be found on our respective country pages.