Transport and infrastructure in India

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of India with the average of all countries in Asia. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, India ranks 107th in the world with 0.05 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 68,155 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 719.76 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 231.13 billion passenger-kilometers in 2021.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the 7,000 km of coastline. In 2021, about 19.94 million freight containers were transported.

Airports in India

Back to overview: India

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 6.37 million km. For each of the country's 1.43 billion inhabitants, this corresponds to 4.47 meters. This puts India in 116th place in the global ranking. However, the country's population density must also be taken into account, which is relatively high at around 434 inhabitants per km². The higher the population density of a country, the shorter the average distance traveled.

With an average of 214743 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in India is considered rather mixed. This corresponds to 15.8 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In India, left-hand traffic is the rule on the roads, i.e. you drive in the left lane and overtake on the right. Oncoming traffic comes to meet you on the right side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways6,371,800 km4,469.04 km1,938.35 m
Railroads68,200 km47.80 km20.73 m
Waterways14,500 km10.17 km4.41 m
Commercial harbors1,8011.260.001


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways16,613,000 km3,524.24 km519.50 m
Railroads280,000 km59.41 km8.76 m
Waterways260,300 km55.21 km8.14 m
Commercial harbors45,9989.760.001

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
India: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in IndiaThe 30 biggest airports and 9 airlines in India with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
India: ClimateClimate and temperature development in IndiaA climate analysis for India incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, water temperature, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing