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The climate in India

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page result from the collected data of 89 weather stations.
Weather stations at an altitude above 920m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.
Back to overview: India
Climate zone: The northern parts of India are in the subtropics, the southern regions in the tropics.
The climate in India is very warm, with an annual average of 32 degrees, but has few truly tropical and sultry months. It is warm to hot all year round and invites to bathe at average water temperatures of 28 degrees. The warmest and also rainiest greaster region is Central. The coldest is North Eastern. Dued to the lesser rain the best time for traveling is from November to April. The most rain days occur from from June to September.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in India
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in India
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in India
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in India
Water temperatureWater temperatures in India
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in India
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in India

Greater regions in India

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.
Greater regionTemperature
max Ø day
Temperature
min Ø night
Sunshine
hours
Rainy
days
PrecipitationHumidity
Andaman and Nicobar Islands30.6 °C24.2 °C1,971 h158 3,113 l79.0 %
Northern31.5 °C18.3 °C2,592 h44 653 l53.0 %
North Eastern30.5 °C21.0 °C1,971 h130 2,190 l75.0 %
Eastern31.5 °C21.1 °C1,935 h102 1,580 l69.0 %
Southern32.4 °C21.9 °C2,263 h89 1,500 l67.0 %
Western32.4 °C21.0 °C2,592 h71 1,197 l62.0 %
Central32.8 °C19.9 °C2,446 h67 1,033 l56.0 %

Temperature records of the last 73 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to September 2022 was reported by the Bikaner weather station. In May 2016 the record temperature of 49.5 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 49 weather stations in India below 920 metres altitude, was recorded in 1987 with an average temperature of 29.0 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 28.1 degrees Celsius.
The coldest day in these 73 years was reported by the weather station Amritsar. Here the temperature dropped to -2.6 °C in January 2005. Amritsar lies at an altitude of 234 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1978 with an average temperature of 20.8 °C. In India, it is usual to have about 2.4 degrees more at 23.2 °C for this three-month period.
The most precipitation fell in July 1968. With 55.5 mm per day, the Mangalore weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 73 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Mangaluru Airp. The driest region is near Bikaner.

Long-term development of temperatures from 1990 - 2021

In contrast to single record values, a long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. A simply calculated average value would give a falsified result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would already decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and falsifies the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 4 measuring points in order to have actually comparable data over as long a period as possible.
In the years 1990 to 2021 there were only these 4 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values (New Delhi Safdarjung, Mumbai Colaba, Hyderabad, Machilipatnam). From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was May 1998 with 33.3 °C. January 1995 was the coldest month with an average temperature of 20.5 °C.
The average annual temperature was about 26.9 °C in the years after 1990 and about 27.4 °C in the last years before 2021. It has therefore increased only slightly by about 0.6 °C over the past 32 years. This trend only applies to the selected 4 weather stations in India. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of the global warming has been provided separately.
Long-term development of temperatures in India

Data basis and methodology

The data of the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average. There are 50 stations in India itself. In 39 cases, neighboring but nearby weather stations were also used to obtain more accurate values.
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