The climate in India

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams of this page are taken from the collected data from 89 measuring stations in India.
Weather stations at an altitude above 2310m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: India

Climate zone: The northern parts of India are in the subtropics, the southern regions in the tropics.

The climate in India is very warm, with an annual average of 30 degrees, but has few truly tropical and sultry months. It is warm to hot all year round and invites to bathe at average water temperatures of 28 degrees. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is Rajasthan. The coldest is Himachal Pradesh. Dued to the lesser rain the best time for traveling is from November to April. The most rain days occur from from June to September.

Duration of daylight and sunshine in India

hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in India
rainy days per monthRainy days per month in India
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in India
Water temperatureWater temperatures in India
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in India
Absolute humidity in g/m³ (approx.)Absolute humidity in India

Temperature records of the last 72 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to November 2021 was reported by the Bikaner weather station. In May 2016 the record temperature of 49.5 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 54 weather stations in India below 2310 metres altitude, was recorded in 1987 with an average temperature of 28.4 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 27.5 degrees Celsius.

The coldest day in these 72 years was reported by the weather station Srinagar. Here the temperature dropped to -8.8 °C in January 2021. Srinagar lies at an altitude of 1587 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1978 with an average temperature of 19.7 °C. In India, it is usual to have about 2.7 degrees more at 22.4 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in July 1974. With 264.7 mm per day, the Cherrapunji weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 72 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Cherrapunji. The driest region is near Bikaner.

Long-term development of temperatures from 1990 - 2020

In contrast to single record values, a long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. A simply calculated average value would give a falsified result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would already decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and falsifies the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 4 measuring points in order to have actually comparable data over as long a period as possible.

In the years 1990 to 2020 there were only these 4 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values (Machilipatnam, Mumbai Colaba, New Delhi Safdarjung, Hyderabad). From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was May 1998 with 33.3 °C. January 1995 was the coldest month with an average temperature of 20.5 °C.

The average annual temperature was about 26.9 °C in the years after 1990 and about 27.5 °C in the last years before 2020. It has therefore increased only slightly by about 0.6 °C over the past 31 years. This trend only applies to the selected 4 weather stations in India. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of the global warming has been provided separately.

Long-term development of temperatures in India

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2022. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
International tourismThe 92 most popular travel countriesA ranking of international tourism over 92 countries. USA ranks 1st.
United States: ClimateClimate and temperature development in the United StatesA climate analysis for the United States incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Water temperature, Rainfalls