The climate in Pakistan

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page come from the collected data of 37 weather stations.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1470m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Pakistan

Climate zone: Subtropics of the northern hemisphere

For several months of the year, it is warm to hot at temperatures continuously above 25 degrees Celsius, sometimes up to 40 degrees. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is Sindh. The coldest is Islamabad.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Pakistan
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Pakistan
Rain days per monthRain days per month in Pakistan
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Pakistan
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Pakistan
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Pakistan

Regions in Pakistan

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.

max Ø day
min Ø night
Azad Kashmir29.6 °C16.0 °C2,884 h67 1,168 l61.0 %
Balochistan32.0 °C18.0 °C3,176 h17 193 l41.0 %
Islamabad28.9 °C15.8 °C2,957 h74 1,296 l61.0 %
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa29.1 °C15.3 °C2,847 h53 730 l57.0 %
Punjab31.1 °C17.8 °C2,592 h44 624 l55.0 %
Sindh34.5 °C20.3 °C3,103 h14 223 l53.0 %

Temperature records of the last 74 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to January 2023 was reported by the Jacobabad weather station. In June 2003, the record temperature of 52.5 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 25 weather stations in Pakistan below 1,470 meters altitude, was recorded in 1954 with an average temperature of 32.0 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every four to six hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 30.8 degrees Celsius.

The coldest day in these 74 years was reported by the Dalbandin weather station. Here the temperature dropped to -11.0 °C in January 2006. Dalbandin lies at an altitude of 850 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1973 with an average temperature of 10.4 °C. In Pakistan, it is usual to have about 6.6 degrees more at 17.0 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in August 2013. With 21.6 mm per day, the Sialkot weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 74 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Islamabad. The driest region is near Nok Kundi.

Long-term development of temperatures from 1980 - 2022

In contrast to single record values, long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. An average value would give a distorted result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and distorts the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 4 measuring points in order to have comparable data over as long a period as possible.

In the years 1980 to 2022, there were only these 4 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values (Jhelum, Lahore City, Multan, Karachi). From these weather reports, we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was June 1994 at 34.6 °C. January 1984 was the coldest month with an average temperature of 13.1 °C.

The average annual temperature was about 24.6 °C in the years after 1980 and about 25.6 °C in the last years before 2022. So in less than 43 years, it has increased by about 1.0 °C. This trend only applies to the selected 4 weather stations in Pakistan. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of global warming has been provided separately.

Long-term development of temperatures in Pakistan

Data basis and methodology

The data from the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average. There are 26 stations in Pakistan itself. In 11 cases, neighboring but nearby weather stations were also used to obtain more accurate values.
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