Symbol image: cell tower

Telecommunication in India

Compared to the United States, India is massively lagging behind in the development of telecommunications. Under the country code +91, there were a total of 1.18 billion connections in 2021. Among them were 1.15 billion mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 0.82 per person. In the US, this figure is 1.1 mobile phones per person.

With about 6.75 million webhosts, India is below the world's average by population. At the end of 2020, 662,298 of these, or about 10 percent, were secured with SSL or comparable encryption.

Back to overview: India

Development of telephone and internet connections

With an average download speed of 50.87 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, India ranks 81st in an international comparison. The upload rate was only 49.02 Mbit/second (37th place).
In mobile internet, i.e., on tablets and smartphones, India comes 67th with a download speed of 30.96 Mbit/second. The upload speed of around 7 Mbit was only enough for 128th place.

The Speedtest Global Index published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in February 2023 from 180 countries.

The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100 percent mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.

Access to the internet in India from 1990 - 2021

Broadband internet in India 2001 - 2021

Symbol image: cell towerIndia is lagging behind in the expansion of broadband internet connections. Around 46 percent of all residents have access to the internet. Around 2 percent have their own fast internet connection, which is at least faster than the former ISDN (more than 256 kbit/s). All fixed connections via DSL, cable or satellite were counted here, but not those connected to the internet via mobile communications.

Landlines 1990 - 2021

Mobile phones 1990 - 2021

The increasing prevalence of cell phones and the simultaneous decline in landline phones clearly indicate a change in India. While the number of landlines has fallen significantly in recent years, the spread of cell phones has risen to 82 cell phone subscriptions per 100 people at last count. Such a clear shift does not occur in all countries, but the trend points in the same direction internationally.

All international calling codes

Distribution in 2021India
Internet users651.84 m46.31 %304.52 m91.75 %
Broadband users27.56 m1.96 %125.89 m37.93 %
Landlines23.77 m1.69 %97.82 m29.47 %
Mobile cellulars1.15 bn81.99 %361.66 m108.97 %

Comparison: India / United StatesCountry comparison: India / United States of AmericaThe United States of America and India compared: demography, Economy, energy, languages and further dimensions.
United States of America: TelecommunicationTelecommunication in the United States of AmericaComparison of technological development and communication in the United States of America with the countries of the European Union
Australia: Public HolidaysPublic holidays in Australia 2023-2027Statutory and inofficial holidays in Australia for 2023 to 2027