Telecommunication in India

Compared to the European Union, India is massively lagging behind in the development of telecommunications. Under the country code +91, there were a total of 1.17 billion connections in 2019. Among them were 1.15 billion million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 0.84 per person. In the EU, this figure is 1.2 mobile phones per person.

In the expansion of broadband Internet connections, India is back. Around 34% of all residents have access to the Internet. Approximately 1% have their own fast Internet connection, which is at least faster than the previous ISDN (more than 2048 kbit/s).

With about 6.75 million webhosts, India is below the world's average by population.


Back to overview: India

Development of telephone and internet connections

With an average download speed of 52.02 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, India ranked 64th in an international comparison. The upload rate was only 48.57 Mbit/second (39th place). The quality of the Internet, consisting of signal fluctuations (jitter) and latency, is very far ahead at 13th place.
In mobile internet, i.e. on tablets and smartphones, India comes 128th with a download speed of 13.15 Mbit/second. The upload speed of around 5 Mbit was enough for 135th place.

The "Speedtest Global Index" published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in November 2020 from 176 countries.

The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and Internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100% mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.


Access to the Internet in India from 1990 - 2019




Broadband internet in India 2001 - 2019




Landlines 1990 - 2019




Mobile phones 1990 - 2019




Spreading in 2019India
Total
India
percent
EU
Total
EU
percent
Broadband users19.75 m1.45 %157.90 m35.28 %
Landlines21.00 m1.54 %166.16 m37.13 %
Mobile cellulars1.15 bn84.27 %547.36 m122.31 %