Public health and Covid-19 in India

Healthcare in India

Healthcare in India is slightly below average in a worldwide comparison.

Probably the most important indicator that can be used to summarize the efficiency of all measures is general life expectancy. In other words, the theoretical age that a newborn child could potentially reach today. At the moment, this age in India is 68.6 years for men and 71.8 years for women. For comparison: worldwide life expectancy is about 2.1 years lower (men: 69.8 / women: 74.9 years).

A total of 60.67 USD per inhabitant is spent annually on health measures at state expense. This corresponds to approximately 2.9 percent of the gross domestic product. Internationally, this amount averages 1,103.03 USD (~ 9.8% of the respective GDP).

Back to overview: India

Spread of COVID-19 in India

Current incidence in the week ending 05/28/2023: 0.3 new infections per 100,000 population

Since the beginning of the pandemic until May 28th, 2023, a total of 44,987,339 infected people and 531,843 deaths have been reported in India.

The total of 44,987,339 infected people currently represents 3.3 percent of the total population. The number of new infections during the seven days preceding May 28th, 2023, was 4,187, for a 7-day incidence of 0.3 cases per 100,000 population. In the same week, 49 people died from (or with) COVID-19. Since the outbreak of the pandemic, this results in a mortality rate of about 1.2 percent in India.

Current vaccination status

According to official WHO data, a total of 2.15 billion vaccine doses have been administered as of May 16th, 2023. More recent data are not yet available to WHO. There are 1.03 billion people who have received at least one vaccination (74.3 percent). The booster vaccination was received by 228.76 million people (16.6 percent).

952.11 million of these are considered fully vaccinated in India (= 69.0 percent).
This means that India is still among the fairly good midfield countries in terms of vaccination coverage. The vaccination rate is higher in 88 countries.

Weight and size

Body height166 cm155 cm
Weight59.6 kg52.5 kg


IndiaØ worldwide
Diabetes *10.40%8.81%

* The number of people suffering from diabetes refers only to inhabitants aged between 20 and 79 years.

Child vaccinations

IndiaØ worldwide
Hepatitis B0.09%0.08%
DTP *8.50%8.14%

* DTP is a combined basic vaccination against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus, which should be given to children up to the age of 23 months.

In India, 27.2 percent of all over 15-year-olds are still smokers.

Medical supplies

Public health and Covid-19 in IndiaMedical care provided by doctors and hospitals in India is below average compared to the world population. The country provides 0.5 hospital beds per 1,000 inhabitants. The global mean here is 2.9 beds. Within the EU, 4.6 beds are available for every 1,000 residents.

With about one million physicians in India, there are about 0.78 doctors per 1000 inhabitants. Here again the comparison: worldwide this standard is 1.50 physicians per 1,000 inhabitants and in the EU is 3.57.

Through medical care, the mortality rate of major known diseases can be reduced as far as possible. For example, only about 22 percent of all people who suffer from cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or chylomicron retention disease (CRD) currently die.


The above data correspond to the information from the World Health Organization, Global Health Workforce Statistics, UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, Global Health Observatory Data Repository and OECD. The case numbers for the spread of the COVID-19 come from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).

Comparison: average ageAverage age by countryRising average age worldwide: since 1950 alone, more than 4 years. A list by country.
Comparison: Life expectancyAverage life expectancy by countryInternational ranking of life expectancy in 120 countries including summary by continents. Explanation of significant factors.
Comparison: quality of lifeQuality of life 2023 in country comparisonCompare the quality of life around the globe: In which countries is life pleasant, safe and healthy?