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Country comparison

Belgium

Germany

Belgium
All information: Belgium
 
Germany
All information: Germany
 
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This country comparison is a concise, tabular overview of numerous data from our respective country pages for Belgium and Germany. For further information and explanations, we provide many details per country that go far beyond this comparison. For example, there are separate sub-pages for both countries on economy, climate, energy, refugees, inflation, population and much more.
In addition, we offer several international comparisons on individual topics, which are also linked on this page.

General information

 BelgiumGermany
Region:Western EuropeWestern Europe
Area:30,530 km²357,580 km²
Official language:DutchGerman
Government form:Federal parliamentary republic (under constitutional monarchy)Federal parliamentary republic
Independent since:1830 AD1991 AD
Capital:BrusselsBerlin

Population

Details for Belgium and Germany
 BelgiumGermany
Population:11,588,00083,129,000
Inhabitants/km²:379.6232.5
Life expectancy males:Ø 79 yearsØ 79 years
Life expectancy females:Ø 83 yearsØ 83 years
Average age:Ø 41.6 yearsØ 47.8 years
Birthrate:9.90 ‰9.30 ‰
Deathrate:11.00 ‰11.90 ‰
Migrationrate:4.38 ‰1.78 ‰

Quality of life

Values from 0 (bad) to 100 (very good)
See also: Explanations and country ranking on quality of life
 BelgiumGermany
Political stability:7684
Civil rights:8795
Health:8896
Climate:2021
Cost of Living:3244
Popularity:4042

Economy

Details for Belgium and Germany
 BelgiumGermany
Currency: euro
(1 EUR = 100 Cent)
euro
(1 EUR =100 Cent)
Unemployment rate:6.4 %3.5 %
Inflation rate:2.44 %3.14 %
Cost of Living:
(USA = 100%)
96.97 %92.29 %
Commercial taxes and contributions:55.40 %48.80 %
Average income:50,510 US$51,040 US$
Corruption index:27 (good)20 (good)

 BEL:
total
per 1000
inh.
DEU:
total
per 1000
inh.
Gross domestic product:599,879 M US$51.77 M US$4,223,116 M US$50.80 M US$
Gross national product:585,266 M US$50.51 M US$4,242,859 M US$51.04 M US$
Exported goods:513,529 M US$44.32 M US$2,003,462 M US$24.10 M US$
Imported goods:512,924 M US$44.26 M US$1,774,553 M US$21.35 M US$
Gross debt:648,951 M US$56.00 M US$2,737,158 M US$32.93 M US$
Budget deficit:33,075 M US$2.85 M US$171,782 M US$2.07 M US$

Infrastructure

Details for Belgium and Germany
 BEL:
total
per 1000
inh.
DEU:
total
per 1000
inh.
Roadways:118,414 km10.22 km625,000 km7.52 km
Railways:3,592 km0.31 km33,422 km0.40 km
Waterways:2,043 km0.18 km7,467 km0.09 km
Harbours:2010.01735990.0072
Passenger airports:50.0004370.0004

Energy balance

Details for Belgium and Germany
 BEL:
total
per 1000
inh.
DEU:
total
per 1000
inh.
Energy consumption:82.16 bn kWh7.09 m kWh536.50 bn kWh6.45 m kWh
Energy production:79.83 bn kWh6.89 m kWh612.80 bn kWh7.37 m kWh
Energy export:8.47 bn kWh730,504.50 kWh78.86 bn kWh948,642.83 kWh
Energy imports:14.65 bn kWh1.26 m kWh28.34 bn kWh340,914.76 kWh
CO2 emissions:93.01 m t8,026.49 t657.40 m t7,908.16 t

Telecommunication

Details for Belgium and Germany
 BelgiumGermany
International dialing:+32+49
Internet domain:.be.de

 BEL
total
BEL
per 1000
inh.
DEU
total
DEU
per 1000
inh.
Landlines:3,634,63931438,300,000461
Mobile cellulars:11,529,728995107,400,0001292
Internet server:5,192,00044820,043,000241
Internet users:10,605,97391574,660,856898
Broadband Internet:4,734,21040936,215,303436

Healthcare system

 BelgiumGermany
Hospital beds per 1000 inh.:5.588.00
Physicians per 1000 inh.:3.324.21
Diabetes:4.6 %10.4 %
Tuberculosis:0.08 ‰0.06 ‰
Tuberculosis cure rate:81.0 %69.0 %
Smokers:23.4 %22.0 %

Climate

We also provide a more detailed climate comparison of both countries.
The data for each country can be found here: Belgium and Germany
 BelgiumGermany
Daytime temperatures:14.9 °C13.8 °C
Nighttime temperatures:7.3 °C5.6 °C
Rel. humidity:82 %79 %
Rain days:10.69.8
Sunshine hours per day:4.74.7

Native languages

 BelgiumGermany
German:0.7 %90.1 %
Dutch:54.2 %n/a
French:41.1 %n/a
Russian:n/a3.6 %
Turkish:n/a2.6 %
Italian:2.1 %0.7 %
South Slavic languages:n/a1.4 %
Greek:n/a0.4 %
Polish:n/a0.3 %
other:1.9 %0.9 %

Religions

 BelgiumGermany
Christianity:75.0 %58.5 %
Nondenominational:n/a31.0 %
Islam:n/a4.7 %
Buddhism:n/a0.3 %
Jewry:0.3 %0.1 %
Yazidism:n/a0.3 %
Hinduism:n/a0.1 %
other:24.7 %5.1 %

Data inventory and updates

A country comparison like this can be based on several hundred individual data items from dozens of different sources. All data are based on the most recent data available to us. Most of them refer to the previous year and are updated around March of the following year. If a country has not yet published data for the most recent or penultimate year, we present the most recent official data. Updates are made on an ongoing basis depending on the subject area or source, so there is no single "cutoff date" for this comparison. Sources for almost all data can be found on our respective country pages.