Picture Languages

Dutch speaking countries

Dutch is an official language in Netherlands, Belgium, Caribbean Netherlands, Curacao, Aruba and Sint Maarten and is spoken in Canada as monther tongue by a part of the population. The Dutch language (native name: Nederlands, Vlaams) has its roots in the Indo-European language family.

As a percentage of the total population, the largest share of around 96 percent is in the Netherlands. A total of about 23.3 million people worldwide speak Dutch as their mother tongue.
Distribution Dutch

CountryRegionOfficial languageDistributionTotal
NetherlandsWestern Europeyes95.6 %16,762,000
BelgiumWestern Europeyes54.2 %6,283,000
CanadaNorth Americano0.5 %191,000
CuracaoCaribbeanyes8.0 %12,000
ArubaCaribbeanyes6.1 %6,000
Caribbean NetherlandsCaribbeanyes8.8 %2,000
Sint MaartenCaribbeanyes5.0 %2,000

Unless otherwise described in the text, this page is about native speakers — not the total number of speakers. How many people understand or speak Dutch as a subsequently learned language is not the subject of this page. Countries where native speakers make up only a few thousand, or even a few hundred people, or countries with a percentage well below 1% are unlikely to be listed here.