Transport and infrastructure in BelgiumOur listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Belgium with the average of all countries in Europe. Overall, the traffic routes are above average and in good condition.
In terms of the length of its rail network, Belgium ranks 51st in the world with 0.31 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 3,592 kilometers long. Passenger traffic reached 10.17 billion passenger-kilometers in 2017.
The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the 67 km of coastline. In 2020, about 14.07 million freight containers were transported.
› Airports in Belgium
Back to overview: Belgium
Road trafficThe network of roads and highways has a total length of 118,414 km. For each of the country's 11.59 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 10.21 meters. This puts Belgium in 52nd place in the global ranking. However, the country's population density must also be taken into account, which is relatively high at around 380 inhabitants per km². The higher the population density of a country, the shorter the average distance traveled.
With an average of 697 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Belgium is considered relatively safe. This corresponds to 6.1 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.
In Belgium, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This rule was introduced at the end of the 18th century during the Napoleonic Wars. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.
|total||per 1 mio|
|Roadways||118,400 km||10,214.31 km||3,878.61 m|
|Railroads||3,600 km||309.84 km||117.65 m|
|Waterways||2,043 km||176.23 km||66.92 m|
|total||per 1 mio|
|Roadways||6,708,900 km||11,154.38 km||1,111.71 m|
|Railroads||258,600 km||429.97 km||42.85 m|
|Waterways||54,800 km||91.17 km||9.09 m|
Data sources used• Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
• Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
• CIA Factbook
• OECD Statistics
• Wikipedia (german)