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Country comparison

Germany

France

Germany
All information: Germany
 
France
All information: France
 
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This country comparison is a concise, tabular overview of numerous data from our respective country pages for Germany and France. For further information and explanations, we provide many details per country that go far beyond this comparison. For example, there are separate sub-pages for both countries on economy, energy, refugees, population, tourism, health and much more.
In addition, we offer several international comparisons on individual topics, which are also linked on this page.

General information

 GermanyFrance
Region:Western EuropeWestern Europe
Area:357,580 km²549,087 km²
Official language:GermanFrench
Government form:Federal parliamentary republicSemi-presidential republic
Independent since:1955 AD843 AD
Capital:BerlinParis

Population

Details for Germany and France

 GermanyFrance
Population:83,129,00067,499,000
Inhabitants/km²:232.5122.9
Life expectancy males:Ø 79 yearsØ 79 years
Life expectancy females:Ø 83 yearsØ 85 years
Average age:Ø 47.8 yearsØ 41.7 years
Birthrate:9.30 ‰10.90 ‰
Deathrate:11.90 ‰9.90 ‰
Migrationrate:1.78 ‰1.06 ‰

Quality of life

Values from 0 (bad) to 100 (very good)
See also: Explanations and country ranking on quality of life

 GermanyFrance
Political stability:8474
Civil rights:9584
Health:9691
Climate:2141
Cost of Living:4429
Popularity:4271

Economy

Details for Germany and France

 GermanyFrance
Currency: Euro
(1 EUR = 100 Cent)
Euro
(1 EUR =100 Cent)
Unemployment rate:3.5 %8.1 %
Inflation rate:3.14 %1.64 %
Cost of Living:
(USA = 100%)
92.29 %96.23 %
Commercial taxes and contributions:48.80 %60.70 %
Average income:51,040 US$43,880 US$
Corruption index:20 (good)29 (good)


 DEU:
total
per 1000
inh.
FRA:
total
per 1000
inh.
Gross domestic product:4,223,116 M US$50.80 M US$2,937,473 M US$43.52 M US$
Gross national product:4,242,859 M US$51.04 M US$2,961,949 M US$43.88 M US$
Exported goods:2,003,462 M US$24.10 M US$921,605 M US$13.65 M US$
Imported goods:1,774,553 M US$21.35 M US$957,530 M US$14.19 M US$
Gross debt:2,737,158 M US$32.93 M US$3,327,038 M US$49.29 M US$
Budget deficit:171,782 M US$2.07 M US$190,306 M US$2.82 M US$

Infrastructure

Details for Germany and France

 DEU:
total
per 1000
inh.
FRA:
total
per 1000
inh.
Roadways:625,000 km7.52 km1,053,215 km15.60 km
Railways:33,422 km0.40 km29,640 km0.44 km
Harbours:5990.00725480.0081
Passenger airports:370.0004610.0009

Energy balance

Details for Germany and France

 DEU:
total
per 1000
inh.
FRA:
total
per 1000
inh.
Energy consumption:536.50 bn kWh6.45 m kWh450.80 bn kWh6.68 m kWh
Energy production:612.80 bn kWh7.37 m kWh529.10 bn kWh7.84 m kWh
Energy export:78.86 bn kWh948,642.83 kWh61.41 bn kWh909,786.63 kWh
Energy imports:28.34 bn kWh340,914.76 kWh19.90 bn kWh294,817.68 kWh
CO2 emissions:657.40 m t7,908.16 t300.52 m t4,452.19 t

Telecommunication

Details for Germany and France

 GermanyFrance
International dialing:+49+33
Internet domain:.de.fr

 DEU
total
DEU
per 1000
inh.
FRA
total
FRA
per 1000
inh.
Landlines:38,300,00046137,759,000559
Mobile cellulars:107,400,000129272,751,0001078
Internet server:20,043,00024117,266,000256
Internet users:74,660,85689857,239,443848
Broadband Internet:36,215,30343630,627,000454

Healthcare system

Details for Germany and France

 GermanyFrance
Hospital beds per 1000 inh.:8.005.91
Physicians per 1000 inh.:4.213.23
Diabetes:10.4 %4.8 %
HIV:0.06 %0.17 %
Tuberculosis:0.06 ‰0.08 ‰
Tuberculosis cure rate:69.0 %12.0 %
Smokers:22.0 %33.4 %

Climate

We also provide a more detailed climate comparison of both countries.
The data for each country can be found here: Germany and France

 GermanyFrance
Daytime temperatures:13.6 °C16.7 °C
Nighttime temperatures:5.5 °C7.9 °C
Water temperature:9.9 °C15.4 °C
Rel. humidity:79 %78 %
Rain days:9.88.9
Sunshine hours per day:4.75.4

Native languages

 GermanyFrance
French:n/a93.6 %
German:90.1 %n/a
Russian:3.6 %n/a
Turkish:2.6 %0.4 %
Arabic:n/a2.5 %
South Slavic languages:1.4 %n/a
Portuguese:n/a1.2 %
Italian:0.7 %0.4 %
Greek:0.4 %n/a
Spanish:n/a0.4 %
Polish:0.3 %n/a
other:0.9 %1.5 %

Religions

 GermanyFrance
Christianity:58.5 %64.0 %
Nondenominational:31.0 %24.0 %
Islam:4.7 %8.0 %
Jewry:0.1 %0.7 %
Buddhism:0.3 %0.6 %
Yazidism:0.3 %n/a
Hinduism:0.1 %n/a
other:5.1 %2.7 %


Data inventory and updates

A country comparison like this can be based on several hundred individual data items from dozens of different sources. All data are based on the most recent data available to us. Most of them refer to the previous year and are updated around March of the following year. If a country has not yet published data for the most recent or penultimate year, we present the most recent official data. Updates are made on an ongoing basis depending on the subject area or source, so there is no single "cutoff date" for this comparison. Sources for almost all data can be found on our respective country pages.