France

France auf der Karte
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France

Semi-presidential republic, independant since 843

Region:
Western Europe
Area:
549,087 km²
Local name:
France
Capital:
Paris
On further pages:
Timezones
Sunrise + Sunset
Climate
Public Holidays
Tourism
Airports
Economy
Gross debt
Inflation Rates
Energy consumption
Telecommunication
Refugees
Terrorism
Country comparison
Current time in France:

The countrywide time in France is Central European Time (CET).
As in many countries far away from the equator, there is a daylight saving time in summer.
So the difference to Greenwich Mean Time is usually +1 hours in summer and +2 hours in winter.

Timezones and clock changesPublic Holidays in FranceSunrise and sunset

Population

67,119,000
122.2
Ø 79.2 years
Life expectancy females:
Ø 85.5 years
Birthrate:
11.7 ‰
Deathrate:
8.8 ‰
Males/Females:
49.2% : 50.8%

Population pyramid

Population pyramid France 2017
The currency in France is Euro (EUR).
1 Euro is divided into 100 Cent.
Status: 10/14/2018
1 US Dollar = 0.86 Euro
1 Euro = 1.16 US Dollar

The climate in France

A moderate climatic zone determines the weather [in country]. As usual in the northern hemisphere, the days in the summer months are not only warmer but also longer. Depending on the season, the average daytime temperatures range between 8 and 25 degrees. In some parts of the country the temperature raises up to 30 °C. In the colder months and depending in the region, the temperature lowers down to 2°C in a month's average.

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

Zoom

Languages

Official language:
French

mother tonguedistribution
French93.6 %
Arabic2.5 %
Portuguese1.2 %
Italian0.4 %
Spanish0.4 %
Turkish0.4 %
other1.5 %

Religions

Branchdistribution
Buddhists0.6%
Roman Catholics58.0%
other Christs6.0%
Muslims8.0%
Jews0.7%
nondenominational24.0%
other2.7%

Economy more...

(per year)
GDP:2,286.01 bn €
Exportations:479.15 bn €
Importations:510.14 bn €
Budget deficit:59,341 M €
Tourism receipts:45.97 bn €
Gross debt:2,218.44 bn €
Unemployment rate:9.7 %
Inflation rate:0.18 %
corruption index:70 (moderate)
Energy consumption:436.1 bn kWh

Land use

16% Urban areas:86,463 km²
52% Agricultural areas:287,248 km²
31% Forest:169,907 km²
0% Water areas:1,530 km²
1% Others:3,939 km²

Transport more...

Roadways:1,028,446 km
Railways:29,640 km
Airports:464

France is a country on the Atlantic coast of Western Europe. The land has a total area of 549,087 km² and a total coastline of 3,427 km. This area is approximately 0% of the area of Texas. The country has about 70 islands. There are direct national borders with the 8 neighbouring countries Andorra, Belgium, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Monaco, Spain and Switzerland. The distance between New York City and the Capital Paris is about 5,840 km.

Most important cities in France

CityRegionPopulation
Paris / CapitalÎle-de-France2,220,000
MarseilleCôte d'Azur858,000
LyonRhone-Alpes507,000
ToulouseMidi-Pyrénées466,000
NiceCôte d'Azur344,000
NantesPays de la Loire277,000
StrasbourgAlsace276,000
MontpellierLanguedoc-Roussillon248,000
BordeauxAquitaine247,000
LillePas-de-Calais234,000
RennesBrittany209,000
ReimsChampagne197,000
Cergy-PontoiseÎle-de-France183,000
Saint-ÉtienneRhone-Alpes176,000
Le HavreHaute-Normandie173,000
DijonBourgogne154,000
AngersPays de la Loire151,000
NîmesLanguedoc-Roussillon148,000
BrestBrittany145,000
AmiensPicardie143,000
ToursCentre142,000
LimogesLimousin141,000
Clermont-FerrandAuvergne139,000
BesançonFranche-Comté128,000
OrléansCentre124,000
MetzLorraine124,000
RouenHaute-Normandie113,000
MulhouseAlsace111,000
CaenBasse-Normandy111,000
NancyLorraine105,000




Political indicators

(Based on the "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project of the World Bank)

Political stability:
Rule of law:
Effectivity:
Regulatory quality:
Voice accountability:
Death penalty:abolished in 1981



Alliances



Dependent territories

French Guiana (South America)
French Polynesia (Polynesia)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands (Antarctica)
Guadeloupe (Caribbean)
Martinique (Caribbean)
Mayotte (Eastern Africa)
New Caledonia (Melanesia)
Reunion (Eastern Africa)
Saint Barthelemy (Caribbean)
Saint Martin (Caribbean)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (North America)
Wallis and Futuna (Polynesia)