Worlddata.info

France

Semi-presidential republic
independant since 843
France
Region:
Western Europe
Area:
549,087 km²
Local name:
France
Capital:
Paris
France on the world map

Geography

France is a country on the Atlantic coast of Western Europe. The land has a total area of 549,087 km² (212,004 mi²) and a total coastline of 3,427 km (2,129.4 mi). This land area is approximately 79% of the area of Texas. In terms of area, France is the third largest country in Europe after Russia and Ukraine and the 49th largest in the world. It is comparatively low at an average elevation of 375 meters above sea level. The highest mountain peak (Mont Blanc) is at 4,810 meters.

The country has about 70 islands. There are direct national borders with the 8 neighbouring countries Andorra, Belgium, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Monaco, Spain and Switzerland. The distance between New York City and the Capital Paris is about 5,840 km (3,629 mi).

Population

Population:67,392,000
Life expectancy females:
Ø 85.6 years
Birthrate:
11.2 ‰
Deathrate:
9.1 ‰
Males/Females:
48.4% : 51.6%

Population pyramid

Population pyramid France 2019
The currency in France is Euro (EUR).
1 Euro is divided into 100 Cent.
Status: 09/16/2021
1 US Dollar = 0.85 Euro
1 Euro = 1.18 US Dollar

The climate in France

A moderate climatic zone determines the weather in France. As usual in the northern hemisphere, the days in the summer months are not only warmer but also longer. Depending on the season, the average daytime temperatures range between 8 and 26 degrees. In some parts of the country the temperature raises up to 30 °C. In the colder months and depending in the region, the temperature lowers down to 2°C in a month's average.

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures
Average daytime and nighttime temperatures in France
Zoom

Languages

Official language:
French

mother tonguedistribution
French93.6 %
Arabic2.5 %
Portuguese1.2 %
Italian0.4 %
Spanish0.4 %
Turkish0.4 %
other1.5 %

Religions

Branchdistribution
Buddhists0.6%
Roman Catholics58.0%
other Christs6.0%
Muslims8.0%
Jews0.7%
nondenominational24.0%
other2.7%

more...

Economy

GDP:2.02 bn $
Exportations:746.91 bn $
Importations:803.66 bn $
Budget deficit:81,729 M $
Tourism receipts:71.01 bn $
Gross debt:2,664.46 bn $
Unemployment rate:8.6 %
Inflation rate:0.48 %
corruption index:69 (moderate)
Energy consumption:450.8 bn kWh

With an Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.901 France counts as one of the high developed economies by UN-definition. The IMF also shares this classification. Considering the purchasing power parity France is among the 30 richest countries in the world.

Land use

16% Urban areas:86,463 km²
52% Agricultural areas:288,051 km²
31% Forest:170,382 km²
0% Water areas:1,530 km²
1% Others:4,191 km²

more...

Transport

Roadways:1,053,215 km
Railways:29,640 km
Commercial harbors:545
Airports:464

Most important cities

CityDepartmentPopulation
Paris / CapitalÎle-de-France2,206,000
MarseilleCôte d'Azur862,000
LyonRhone-Alpes513,000
ToulouseMidi-Pyrénées472,000
NiceCôte d'Azur343,000
NantesPays de la Loire303,000
MontpellierLanguedoc-Roussillon278,000
StrasbourgAlsace277,000
BordeauxAquitaine250,000
LillePas-de-Calais233,000
RennesBrittany215,000
ReimsChampagne184,000
Cergy-PontoiseÎle-de-France183,000
Le HavreHaute-Normandie172,000
Saint-ÉtienneRhone-Alpes171,000
ToulonCôte d'Azur167,000
DijonBourgogne155,000
Clermont-FerrandAuvergne141,000
LimogesLimousin134,000
AmiensPicardie133,000
MetzLorraine117,000
BesançonFranche-Comté117,000
OrléansCentre115,000
RouenHaute-Normandie110,000
CaenBasse-Normandy106,000
NanterreÎle-de-France87,000
PoitiersPoitou-Charentes86,000
AjaccioCorsica54,000
Châlons-en-ChampagneChampagne51,000




Political indicators

(Based on the "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project of the World Bank)

Political stability:
Rule of law:
Effectivity:
Regulatory quality:
Voice accountability:
Death penalty:abolished in 1981



Existing trade agreements



Alliances



Dependent territories

French Guiana (South America)
French Polynesia (Polynesia)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands (Antarctica)
Guadeloupe (Caribbean)
Martinique (Caribbean)
Mayotte (Eastern Africa)
New Caledonia (Melanesia)
Reunion (Eastern Africa)
Saint Barthelemy (Caribbean)
Saint Martin (Caribbean)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (North America)
Wallis and Futuna (Polynesia)
Russia: Public HolidaysPublic holidays in Russia 2021-2025Statutory and inofficial holidays in Russia for 2021 to 2025
Countries with DSTAll Countries with DSTA summary of all countries which currently observe Daylight Saving Time with further info on introductions and upcoming changes.
Kenya: TourismTourism in KenyaInternational travelers and tourism sector revenues from 1995-2019 in Kenya, including comparison with other countries in Eastern Africa
Position