Climate in Ural Mountains

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this site result from the collected data from 37 measuring weather stations in Ural Mountains.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

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Ural Mountains is one of the coldest regions in Russia with an average daily high temperature of only 6 degrees. The climate is predominantly frosty cold and in the winter months the mercury does not even reach the positive range.
Overview: Climate in Russia
Daylengths and sun positions in Russia
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Sunshine hours per day
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 10 hours per day, July is the sunniest month in federal district Ural Mountains. In December, the sun shines the least.
Rain days per month
A rain day is a day on which at least 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 10 rain days, October offers the most rain days, while February has the fewest.
Precipitation amount in mm/day
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0.7 mm, the least amount of rain falls in February. July, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Relative humidity in %
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture can be physically contained in the air. At high humidity, a person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% feels pleasant. With only 52% humidity on average, it is quite dry in May. The highest value of 82% is experienced here in November.
Absolute humidity in g/m³
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy.
Map of Ural Mountains

Most important cities in the federal district »Ural Mountains«

Alone 3 major cities with over 600,000 inhabitants are located here. The federal district has a west-east extension of about 1190 km and over 1680 km from north to south.

It consists of the six oblasts Chelyabinsk, Khanty-Mansiyskiy, Kurgan, Sverdlovsk, Tjumen and Yamal-Nenets.

CityPopulationGeo position
Yekaterinburg1,495,06656° 51' 7"N60° 36' 44"E
Chelyabinsk1,156,20155° 9' 14"N61° 25' 45"E
Tyumen621,91857° 9' 8"N65° 31' 38"E
Magnitogorsk410,73353° 25' 7"N59° 2' 50"E
Nizhniy Tagil381,11657° 55' 10"N59° 57' 54"E
Kurgan326,72955° 27' 0"N65° 19' 60"E
Surgut321,06261° 15' 0"N73° 25' 0"E
Nizhnevartovsk261,01160° 56' 4"N76° 33' 11"E
Kamensk-Ural’skiy182,50056° 25' 7"N61° 55' 58"E
Zlatoust172,97255° 10' 16"N59° 39' 3"E
Miass150,80655° 2' 42"N60° 6' 30"E
Kopeysk139,16155° 7' 2"N61° 37' 42"E
Nefteyugansk125,52861° 5' 59"N72° 36' 13"E
Pervoural’sk125,42156° 54' 19"N59° 56' 37"E
Noyabrsk108,66263° 11' 35"N75° 26' 14"E
Tobol’sk99,10258° 11' 53"N68° 15' 16"E
Serov98,24359° 36' 12"N60° 34' 43"E
Novyy Urengoy94,21266° 4' 60"N76° 37' 60"E
Novoural’sk93,84957° 14' 38"N60° 5' 2"E
Troitsk82,33854° 5' 52"N61° 34' 38"E
Ozersk81,02355° 45' 20"N60° 42' 10"E
Shadrinsk79,47956° 5' 7"N63° 38' 1"E
Asbest74,58357° 0' 36"N61° 27' 28"E
Khanty-Mansiysk67,80061° 0' 15"N69° 0' 7"E
Ishim67,76256° 6' 46"N69° 29' 25"E
Polevskoy65,77056° 26' 32"N60° 11' 16"E
Krasnotur’insk62,60059° 45' 60"N60° 12' 31"E
Revda61,78556° 48' 3"N59° 55' 49"E
Verkhnyaya Pyshma59,06156° 58' 14"N60° 34' 56"E
Kogalym57,80062° 15' 55"N74° 28' 45"E

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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