Climate in Northwest Russia

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams on this site result from the collected data from 38 measuring weather stations in Northwest Russia.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.
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Northwest Russia is one of the coldest regions in Russia with an average daily high temperature of only 8 degrees. The climate widely corresponds to Central European weather conditions. It is cold, wet and a few beautiful summer months are also happening during a year.
Overview: Climate in Russia
Daylengths and sun positions in Russia
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Northwest Russia
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 9 hours per day, June is the sunniest month in federal district Northwest Russia. In December the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Northwest Russia
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 13 rainy days, December offers the most number of rainy days, and in April the least.
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Northwest Russia
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 1.0 mm, the least rain falls in April. August, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Northwest Russia
Water temperature depends not only on solar radiation within the same region, but also on ocean currents. For example, depending on the season, cold or warm water masses are moved from other areas. The warmest temperatures in Northwest Russia are in August, when the water is 15 °C.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Northwest Russia
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With only 68% humidity on average, it is quite dry in June. The highest value of 88% is experienced here in November.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Northwest Russia
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy.
Map of Northwest Russia

Most important cities in the federal district »Northwest Russia«

The federal district has a west-east extension of about 2270 km and over 1670 km from north to south.
It consists of the eleven oblasts Arkhangelskaya, Kaliningrad, Komi Republic, Leningrad, Murmansk, Nenetskiy Avtonomnyy, Novgorod, Pskov, Republic of Karelia, St. Petersburg and Vologda.

CityPopulationGeo position
Saint Petersburg5,351,93559° 56' 19"N30° 18' 51"E
Kaliningrad437,45654° 42' 23"N20° 30' 39"E
Arkhangel’sk350,25864° 32' 24"N40° 32' 36"E
Cherepovets315,18659° 7' 60"N37° 53' 60"E
Vologda305,39759° 13' 26"N39° 53' 2"E
Murmansk303,75468° 58' 45"N33° 5' 33"E
Petrozavodsk267,10261° 47' 6"N34° 20' 49"E
Syktyvkar230,13961° 40' 35"N50° 48' 36"E
Velikiy Novgorod219,94158° 31' 17"N31° 16' 16"E
Pskov205,06257° 48' 49"N28° 20' 59"E
Severodvinsk189,31364° 33' 49"N39° 49' 49"E
Kolpino138,97959° 45' 2"N30° 35' 19"E
Velikiye Luki103,14956° 20' 24"N30° 32' 43"E
Ukhta102,18763° 34' 1"N53° 41' 1"E
Pushkin92,88959° 42' 51"N30° 23' 47"E
Gatchina89,76159° 34' 35"N30° 7' 42"E
Vorkuta80,03967° 29' 56"N64° 3' 9"E
Vyborg78,63360° 42' 27"N28° 45' 10"E
Peterhof73,19959° 52' 60"N29° 53' 60"E
Sosnovyy Bor68,56359° 53' 59"N29° 5' 9"E
Tikhvin62,07559° 38' 42"N33° 31' 46"E
Petrodvorets61,97359° 53' 44"N29° 48' 5"E
Apatity61,18667° 33' 51"N33° 24' 11"E
Kotlas59,18061° 15' 27"N46° 38' 59"E
Borovichi56,57158° 23' 16"N33° 54' 56"E
Kirishi56,19059° 26' 50"N32° 1' 14"E
Ezhva56,00061° 48' 46"N50° 43' 42"E
Severomorsk53,92169° 4' 8"N33° 24' 58"E
Kingisepp50,56659° 22' 24"N28° 36' 48"E
Monchegorsk49,86867° 56' 23"N32° 52' 26"E

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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