The climate in Russia

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures


All climatic diagrams of this page are taken from the collected data from 270 measuring stations in Russia.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1760m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.


Back to overview: Russia

Climate zone: The northern part of Russia is located in the cold polar zone of the Arctic. The southern areas in the temperate climatic zone.

The climate in Russia is not really suitable for petted US Westcoasters or Central Europeans. It is mostly cold and in winter months the mercury column won't reach anything above freezing point. In the cold season even the maximum temperatures are well below zero. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from May to September. Winter athletes will find their favorite weather conditions from November to March.

Duration of daylight and sunshine in Russia

hours of sunshine per day
Sunshine hours per day in Russia
rainy days per month
Rainy days per month in Russia
Precipitation in mm/day
Precipitation in Russia
Relative humidity in %
Relative humidity in Russia
Water temperature
Water temperatures in Russia
Absolute humidity in g/m³ (approx.)
Absolute humidity in Russia

Long-term development of temperatures from 1975 - 2018

In the years 1975 to 2018 there were only 3 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values (Arhangelsk, Jakutsk, Juzhno Sahalinsk). From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was Juli 2011 with 19.6 °C. Januar 1985 was the coldest month with an average temperature of -28.6 °C.

The average annual temperature was about -2.4 °C in the years after 1975 and about -0.4 °C in the last years before 2018. So in less than 44 years it has increased by about 2.0 °C. This trend only applies to the selected 3 weather stations in Russia. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of the global warming has been provided separately.

Long-term development of temperatures in Russia