Climate in Central Russia

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams on this site result from the collected data from 22 measuring weather stations in Central Russia.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

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The climate is very changeable and offers varied seasons with deep winters and warm summers.
Overview: Climate in Russia
Daylengths and sun positions in Russia
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Central Russia
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 10 hours per day, June is the sunniest month in federal district Central Russia. In December the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Central Russia
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 11 rainy days, January offers the most number of rainy days, and in August the least.
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Central Russia
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 1.2 mm, the least rain falls in March. July, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Central Russia
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With only 61% humidity on average, it is quite dry in May. The highest value of 88% is experienced here in December.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Central Russia
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy.
Map of Central Russia

Most important cities in the federal district »Central Russia«

As the capital region, it is arguably the most important part of Russia. Alone 5 major cities with over 500,000 inhabitants are located here. The federal district has a west-east extension of about 930 km and over 1040 km from north to south.

It consists of the 18 oblasts Belgorod, Brjansk, Ivanovo, Jaroslavl, Kaluga, Kostroma, Kursk, Lipetsk, Moscow, Moskovskaya, Orjol, Rjazan, Smolensk, Tambov, Tula, Tverskaya, Vladimir and Voronezj.

CityPopulationGeo position
Moscow12,506,46855° 45' 8"N37° 36' 56"E
Voronezh997,44751° 40' 19"N39° 11' 3"E
Yaroslavl597,16157° 37' 48"N39° 52' 25"E
Ryazan’526,91954° 37' 37"N39° 41' 30"E
Lipetsk508,58552° 36' 11"N39° 34' 15"E
Tula496,65654° 11' 46"N37° 37' 6"E
Kursk425,95051° 44' 14"N36° 11' 14"E
Bryansk411,79853° 15' 8"N34° 22' 18"E
Ivanovo408,95256° 59' 50"N40° 58' 17"E
Tver407,89656° 51' 30"N35° 54' 2"E
Belgorod369,81550° 36' 39"N36° 34' 49"E
Vladimir346,92256° 8' 12"N40° 23' 48"E
Smolensk330,45154° 46' 54"N32° 2' 24"E
Kaluga328,87154° 31' 45"N36° 16' 32"E
Orël318,64252° 57' 54"N36° 4' 43"E
Tambov281,34852° 43' 54"N41° 26' 36"E
Kostroma270,36657° 45' 59"N40° 55' 37"E
Balashikha228,56755° 48' 34"N37° 57' 29"E
Staryy Oskol226,97751° 17' 48"N37° 50' 30"E
Khimki218,27555° 53' 49"N37° 25' 47"E
Zelenograd215,72755° 58' 57"N37° 10' 53"E
Podol’sk200,05955° 25' 27"N37° 33' 17"E
Rybinsk197,35958° 2' 41"N38° 50' 33"E
Korolev186,46055° 54' 51"N37° 49' 32"E
Lyubertsy178,88455° 40' 38"N37° 53' 36"E
Mytishchi176,82555° 54' 42"N37° 43' 51"E
Bibirevo159,00055° 52' 60"N37° 36' 0"E
Elektrostal’156,13655° 47' 23"N38° 26' 48"E
Kolomna144,83855° 4' 46"N38° 46' 42"E
Kovrov144,21956° 21' 26"N41° 19' 9"E

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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