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Climate in North Caucasus Russia

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures


All climatic diagrams on this site result from the collected data from 21 measuring stations in North Caucasus.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1070m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.


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North Caucasus is one of the warmest region in Russia with an average daily high temperature of 18 degrees centigrade. The climate widely corresponds to Central European weather conditions. It is cold, wet and a few beautiful summer months are also happening during a year.

Overview: Climate in Russia
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Russia


hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in North Caucasus
rainy days per monthRainy days per month in North Caucasus
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in North Caucasus
Water temperatureWater temperatures in North Caucasus
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in North Caucasus
Absolute humidity in g/m³ (approx.)Absolute humidity in North Caucasus
Map of North Caucasus

Most important cities in the country part »North Caucasus«

The country part has a west-east extension of about 600 km and over 520 km from north to south.

CityPopulationGeo-Position
Makhachkala575,24342°58'35"N47°30'8"E
Stavropol’408,36145°2'34"N41°58'24"E
Vladikavkaz309,17343°2'12"N44°40'4"E
Nal’chik272,80043°29'53"N43°37'8"E
Groznyy226,10043°18'43"N45°41'20"E
Pyatigorsk144,60344°2'55"N43°3'34"E
Kislovodsk129,31343°54'48"N42°43'15"E
Cherkessk126,88444°13'24"N42°3'28"E
Khasavyurt126,82943°15'3"N46°35'16"E
Derbent119,64742°4'4"N48°17'24"E
Nevinnomyssk117,94944°37'60"N41°56'40"E
Kaspiysk102,42142°52'54"N47°38'21"E
Nazran’100,57443°13'33"N44°46'24"E
Yessentuki81,01544°2'40"N42°51'38"E
Mineralnye Vody76,28044°12'37"N43°8'7"E
Georgiyevsk72,64944°9'7"N43°28'11"E
Ordzhonikidzevskaya71,84143°19'10"N45°2'57"E
Budënnovsk67,96244°47'2"N44°9'57"E
Buynaksk62,68942°49'8"N47°7'9"E
Prokhladnyy60,80043°45'27"N44°1'47"E
Mikhaylovsk59,19845°7'42"N42°1'32"E
Kizlyar50,56443°50'50"N46°42'52"E
Staryy Malgobek46,33443°32'40"N44°35'45"E
Malgobek43,40043°30'40"N44°35'18"E
Izberbash42,12142°34'10"N47°51'52"E
Urus-Martan41,48043°7'50"N45°32'16"E
Zelenokumsk41,30644°24'25"N43°52'50"E
Mozdok40,82343°44'37"N44°39'6"E
Svetlograd39,72745°20'7"N42°51'17"E
Izobil’nyy39,02245°22'15"N41°42'30"E


Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants: geonames.org, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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