Climate in North Caucasus Russia

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams on this site result from the collected data from 21 measuring weather stations in North Caucasus.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1070m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.
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North Caucasus is one of the warmest region in Russia with an average daily high temperature of 18 degrees. The climate widely corresponds to Central European weather conditions. It is cold, wet and a few beautiful summer months are also happening during a year.
Overview: Climate in Russia
Daylengths and sun positions in Russia
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Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in North Caucasus
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 10 hours per day, July is the sunniest month in federal district North Caucasus. In December the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in North Caucasus
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 10 rainy days, May offers the most number of rainy days, and in August the least.
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in North Caucasus
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 1.5 mm, the least rain falls in February. June, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Water temperatureWater temperatures in North Caucasus
Water temperature depends not only on solar radiation within the same region, but also on ocean currents. For example, depending on the season, cold or warm water masses are moved from other areas. The warmest temperatures in North Caucasus are in July, when the water is 25 °C.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in North Caucasus
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With humidity averaging 80%, January is the most uncomfortable. In June, on the other hand, it is easier to endure.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in North Caucasus
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy. This limit is only reached in a few months in North Caucasus, although these are always average values.
Humidex in °CHumidex in North Caucasus
The "Humidex" (humidity index) is an index of well-being in warmer areas, calculated from the air temperature, relative humidity and dew point. The index corresponds approximately to the temperature felt. At high temperatures, the body transports heat away by sweating. At high humidity the ambient air can only absorb a small amount of sweat and thus one feels uncomfortable. An index of 20-29 is considered comfortable. Up to 39, people perceive the air as slightly uncomfortable, and above 40, as very uncomfortable. Values above 45 are dangerous in the long run and often lead to heat stroke.
Map of North Caucasus

Most important cities in the federal district »North Caucasus«

The federal district has a west-east extension of about 600 km and over 520 km from north to south.
It consists of the seven oblasts Chechnya, Dagestan, Ingushetiya, Kabardino-Balkariya, Karachayevo-Cherkesiya, North Ossetia and Stavropol'skiy.

CityPopulationGeo position
Makhachkala575,24342° 58' 35"N47° 30' 8"E
Stavropol’408,36145° 2' 34"N41° 58' 24"E
Vladikavkaz309,17343° 2' 12"N44° 40' 4"E
Nal’chik272,80043° 29' 53"N43° 37' 8"E
Groznyy226,10043° 18' 43"N45° 41' 20"E
Pyatigorsk144,60344° 2' 55"N43° 3' 34"E
Kislovodsk129,31343° 54' 48"N42° 43' 15"E
Cherkessk126,88444° 13' 24"N42° 3' 28"E
Khasavyurt126,82943° 15' 3"N46° 35' 16"E
Derbent119,64742° 4' 4"N48° 17' 24"E
Nevinnomyssk117,94944° 37' 60"N41° 56' 40"E
Kaspiysk102,42142° 52' 54"N47° 38' 21"E
Nazran’100,57443° 13' 33"N44° 46' 24"E
Yessentuki81,01544° 2' 40"N42° 51' 38"E
Mineralnye Vody76,28044° 12' 37"N43° 8' 7"E
Georgiyevsk72,64944° 9' 7"N43° 28' 11"E
Ordzhonikidzevskaya71,84143° 19' 10"N45° 2' 57"E
Budënnovsk67,96244° 47' 2"N44° 9' 57"E
Buynaksk62,68942° 49' 8"N47° 7' 9"E
Prokhladnyy60,80043° 45' 27"N44° 1' 47"E
Mikhaylovsk59,19845° 7' 42"N42° 1' 32"E
Kizlyar50,56443° 50' 50"N46° 42' 52"E
Staryy Malgobek46,33443° 32' 40"N44° 35' 45"E
Malgobek43,40043° 30' 40"N44° 35' 18"E
Izberbash42,12142° 34' 10"N47° 51' 52"E
Urus-Martan41,48043° 7' 50"N45° 32' 16"E
Zelenokumsk41,30644° 24' 25"N43° 52' 50"E
Mozdok40,82343° 44' 37"N44° 39' 6"E
Svetlograd39,72745° 20' 7"N42° 51' 17"E
Izobil’nyy39,02245° 22' 15"N41° 42' 30"E

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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