Climate in Far East Russia

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams on this site result from the collected data from 38 measuring weather stations in Far East.
Weather stations at an altitude above 750m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.
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Far East is the coldest region in Russia with an average high temperature of only 3°C. The climate is predominantly frosty cold and in the winter months the mercury column does not even reach the positive range.
Overview: Climate in Russia
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Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Far East
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 8 hours per day, June is the sunniest month in federal district Far East. In December the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Far East
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 9 rainy days, August offers the most number of rainy days, and in April the least.
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Far East
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0.9 mm, the least rain falls in March. August, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Far East
Water temperature depends not only on solar radiation within the same region, but also on ocean currents. For example, depending on the season, cold or warm water masses are moved from other areas. The warmest temperatures in Far East are in August, when the water is 16 °C.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Far East
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With only 66% humidity on average, it is quite dry in May. The highest value of 79% is experienced here in August.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Far East
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy.
Map of Far East

Most important cities in the federal district »Far East«

Alone 2 major cities with over 500,000 inhabitants are located here. The federal district has a west-east extension of about 3960 km and over 3220 km from north to south.
It consists of the ten oblasts Amur, Chukotskiy Avtonomnyy, Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Kamtsjatka, Khabarovsk Krai, Magadan, Primorskiy, Sakha, Sakhalin and Transbaikal Territory.

CityPopulationGeo position
Vladivostok598,92743° 6' 20"N131° 52' 25"E
Khabarovsk589,59648° 28' 58"N135° 5' 2"E
Chita329,39152° 1' 54"N113° 30' 3"E
Yakutsk282,41962° 2' 2"N129° 43' 59"E
Komsomolsk-on-Amur275,90850° 33' 1"N137° 0' 36"E
Blagoveshchensk216,69150° 16' 47"N127° 32' 26"E
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk188,24246° 57' 15"N142° 44' 10"E
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky180,70253° 2' 40"N158° 39' 3"E
Nakhodka158,64942° 48' 50"N132° 52' 25"E
Ussuriysk157,06843° 48' 10"N131° 56' 45"E
Artëm102,60543° 21' 34"N132° 11' 20"E
Magadan95,26359° 33' 50"N150° 48' 12"E
Birobidzhan76,14648° 47' 34"N132° 55' 26"E
Belogorsk67,91150° 54' 59"N128° 28' 38"E
Neryungri66,32056° 39' 59"N124° 38' 18"E
Svobodnyy61,01751° 22' 31"N128° 8' 27"E
Arsen’yev58,70044° 9' 9"N133° 16' 40"E
Krasnokamensk54,31650° 5' 52"N118° 2' 13"E
Amursk46,99350° 14' 13"N136° 52' 53"E
Spassk-Dal’niy45,26544° 35' 56"N132° 49' 33"E
Partizansk42,48943° 7' 18"N133° 7' 24"E
Lesozavodsk41,77845° 28' 44"N133° 25' 42"E
Yelizovo40,69253° 11' 21"N158° 22' 53"E
Mirny40,30862° 32' 7"N113° 57' 40"E
Dal'negorsk38,42444° 33' 37"N135° 34' 12"E
Bol’shoy Kamen’38,10043° 6' 46"N132° 21' 14"E
Tynda37,33555° 9' 22"N124° 43' 29"E
Korsakov35,09146° 38' 3"N142° 46' 38"E
Kholmsk32,68147° 2' 51"N142° 3' 2"E
Borzya30,42150° 22' 60"N116° 31' 0"E

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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