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Country comparison

Bulgaria

Romania

Bulgaria
All information: Bulgaria
 
Romania
All information: Romania
 
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This country comparison is a concise, tabular overview of numerous data from our respective country pages for Bulgaria and Romania. There, we provide many explanations and details per country that go far beyond this comparison.
 

General information

 BulgariaRomania
Region:Eastern EuropeEastern Europe
Area:111,000 km²238,400 km²
National language:BulgarianRomanian
Government form:Parliamentary republicSemi-presidential republic
Independent since:1908 AD1878 AD
Capital:SofiaBucharest

Population

Details for Bulgaria and Romania

 BulgariaRomania
Population:6,878,00019,120,000
Inhabitants/km²:62.080.2
Life expectancy males:Ø 70 yearsØ 71 years
Life expectancy females:Ø 78 yearsØ 78 years
Average age:Ø 43.7 yearsØ 42.5 years
Birth rate:8.50 ‰9.20 ‰
Death rate:18.00 ‰15.40 ‰
Migrationrate:-0.29 ‰-4.36 ‰

Quality of life

Values from 0 (bad) to 100 (very good)
See also: Explanations and country ranking on quality of life

 BulgariaRomania
Political stability:6966
Civil rights:5156
Health:8174
Climate:4937
Cost of Living:6268
Popularity:3924

Economy

Details for Bulgaria and Romania

 BulgariaRomania
Currency:Bulgarian lev
(1 BGN = 100 Stotinki)
Romanian leu
(1 RON =100 Bani)
Unemployment rate:5.4 %5.2 %
Inflation rate:3.30 %5.05 %
Cost of Living:
(USA = 100%)
47.53 %46.97 %
Commercial taxes and contributions:28.30 %20.00 %
Average income:11,200 US$14,160 US$
Corruption index:58 (bad)55 (bad)


 BGR:
total
per 1000
inh.
ROU:
total
per 1000
inh.
Gross domestic product:84,056 M US$12.22 M US$284,088 M US$14.86 M US$
Gross national product:77,005 M US$11.20 M US$270,677 M US$14.16 M US$
Exported goods:51,505 M US$7.49 M US$115,879 M US$6.06 M US$
Imported goods:50,059 M US$7.28 M US$132,056 M US$6.91 M US$
Gross debt:20,123 M US$2.93 M US$137,924 M US$7.21 M US$
Budget deficit:3,285 M US$0.48 M US$20,180 M US$1.06 M US$

Infrastructure

Details for Bulgaria and Romania

 BGR:
total
per 1000
inh.
ROU:
total
per 1000
inh.
Roadways:19,512 km2.84 km84,185 km4.40 km
Railways:4,030 km0.59 km10,759 km0.56 km
Waterways:470 km0.07 km1,731 km0.09 km
Harbours:790.01151210.0063
Passenger airports:40.0006140.0007

Energy balance

Details for Bulgaria and Romania

 BGR:
total
per 1000
inh.
ROU:
total
per 1000
inh.
Energy consumption:32.34 bn kWh4.70 m kWh49.64 bn kWh2.60 m kWh
Energy production:42.29 bn kWh6.15 m kWh61.78 bn kWh3.23 m kWh
Energy export:9.19 bn kWh1.34 m kWh11.22 bn kWh586,823.77 kWh
Energy imports:4.57 bn kWh664,171.37 kWh4.18 bn kWh218,463.71 kWh
CO2 emissions:39.14 m t5,690.82 t73.95 m t3,867.70 t

Telecommunication

Details for Bulgaria and Romania

 BulgariaRomania
International dialing:+359+40
Internet domain:.bg.ro

 BGR
total
BGR
per 1000
inh.
ROU
total
ROU
per 1000
inh.
Landlines:872,7571273,025,000158
Mobile cellulars:7,945,739115522,592,0001182
Internet server:976,2771422,667,000139
Internet users:4,840,42670414,996,839784
Broadband Internet:2,245,8313276,099,000319

Healthcare system

Details for Bulgaria and Romania

 BulgariaRomania
Hospital beds per 1000 inh.:7.456.89
Physicians per 1000 inh.:3.992.26
Diabetes:6.0 %6.9 %
HIV:0.06 %0.08 %
Tuberculosis:0.17 ‰0.45 ‰
Tuberculosis cure rate:82.0 %82.0 %
Smokers:39.0 %28.0 %

Climate

We also provide a more detailed climate comparison of both countries.
The data for each country can be found here: Bulgaria and Romania

 BulgariaRomania
Daytime temperatures:18.1 °C16.1 °C
Nighttime temperatures:7.4 °C6.1 °C
Water temperature:13.3 °C12.8 °C
Rel. humidity:74 %78 %
Rain days:6.47.3
Sunshine hours per day:6.35.8

Native languages

 BulgariaRomania
Romanian:n/a85.4 %
Bulgarian:76.8 %n/a
Turkish:8.2 %n/a
Hungarian:n/a6.3 %
Romany:3.8 %1.2 %
Macedonian:2.6 %n/a
German:n/a0.4 %
Ukrainian:n/a0.4 %
other:8.6 %6.3 %

Religions

 BulgariaRomania
Christianity:77.9 %92.6 %
Nondenominational:11.8 %0.2 %
Islam:10.0 %n/a
other:0.3 %7.2 %


Data inventory and updates

A country comparison like this can be based on several hundred individual data items from dozens of different sources. All data are based on the most recent data available to us. Most of them refer to the previous year and are updated around March of the following year. If a country has not yet published data for the most recent or penultimate year, we present the most recent official data. Updates are made on an ongoing basis depending on the subject area or source, so there is no single "cutoff date" for this comparison. Sources for almost all data can be found on our respective country pages.