Energy consumption in Romania

The most important measure in the energy balance of Romania is the total consumption of
48.28 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 2,465 kWh.


Romania could provide itself completely with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 62 bn kWh, which is 129% of the countries own usage. Despite this, Romania is trading energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

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Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalRomania
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
Own consumption48.28 bn kWh2,464.96 kWh5,402.93 kWh
Production62.16 bn kWh3,173.61 kWh5,821.08 kWh
Import4.49 bn kWh229.34 kWh729.98 kWh
Export11.22 bn kWh572.84 kWh718.00 kWh
Crude OilBarrel
Romania
per capita

Compared to Europe
per capita
Production77,910.00 bbl0.004 bbl0.005 bbl
Import145,500.00 bbl0.007 bbl0.019 bbl
Export1,049.00 bbl0.000 bbl0.004 bbl
Natural GasCubic meters
Romania
per capita

Compared to Europe
per capita
Own consumption17.33 bn m³884.79 m³1,162.59 m³
Production11.17 bn m³570.29 m³445.10 m³
Import728.00 m m³37.17 m³758.58 m³
Export1.08 m m³0.06 m³387.80 m³



Carbon footprint

totalRomania
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
CO2 emissions in 201470.00 m t3.57 t5.39 t


Development of CO2 emissions from 1980 to 2014 in million tons





Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants. In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Romania
percentage
in Romania
percentage
in Europe
per capita
in Romania
per capita
in Europe
Fossil fuels98.30 bn kWh46,7 %48,9 %5,019.00 kWh7,981.10 kWh
Nuclear power11.37 bn kWh5,4 %7,2 %580.36 kWh1,183.83 kWh
Water power58.94 bn kWh28,0 %23,4 %3,009.25 kWh3,823.32 kWh
Renewable energy39.57 bn kWh18,8 %16,2 %2,020.50 kWh2,650.77 kWh
Other energy sources2.32 bn kWh1,1 %4,3 %118.22 kWh694.97 kWh
Total production capacity210.50 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %10,747.32 kWh16,333.99 kWh


Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2015, renewable energies accounted for around 23.7 percent of actual total consumption .inCountry().. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2015: