Symbol image: cell tower

Telecommunication in Romania

Compared to the European Union, Romania has a slight downturn in the development of telecommunications. Under the country code +40, there were a total of 25.62 million connections in 2020. Among them were 22.59 million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 1.2 per person. In the EU, this figure is 1.2 mobile phones per person.

With about 2.67 million webhosts, Romania is below the world's average by population. At the end of 2020, 411,782 million of these, or about 15 percent, were secured with SSL or comparable encryption.

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Development of telephone and internet connections

With an average download speed of 132.33 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, Romania ranked 10th in an international comparison. The upload rate was only 94.22 Mbit/second (11th place). The quality of the Internet, consisting of signal fluctuations (jitter) and latency, is very far ahead at 5th place.
In mobile internet, i.e. on tablets and smartphones, Romania comes 50th with a download speed of 40.36 Mbit/second. The upload speed of around 12 Mbit was enough for 49th place.

The Speedtest Global Index published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in April 2022 from 181 countries.

The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and Internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100% mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.

Access to the Internet in Romania from 1990 - 2020

Broadband internet in Romania 2001 - 2020

Symbol image: cell towerRomania is lagging behind in the expansion of broadband Internet connections. Around 78% of all residents have access to the Internet. Around 29% have their own fast Internet connection, which is at least faster than the former ISDN (more than 256 kbit/s). All fixed connections via DSL, cable or satellite were counted here, but not those connected to the Internet via mobile communications. With around 2.6 people per household, this means that around 76.6 percent of all households are equipped with a fast Internet connection.

Landlines 1990 - 2020

Mobile phones 1990 - 2020

Distribution in 2020Romania
Internet users15.13 m78.46 %379.48 m84.74 %
Broadband users5.68 m29.48 %163.72 m36.56 %
Landlines3.03 m15.68 %160.15 m35.76 %
Mobile cellulars22.59 m117.14 %540.56 m120.71 %

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