Transport and infrastructure in BulgariaOur listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Bulgaria with the average of all countries in Europe. Overall, the main traffic and transport routes are well developed and in comparatively good condition.
In terms of the length of its rail network, Bulgaria ranks 29th in the world with 0.58 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 4,030 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 3.90 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 1.48 billion passenger-kilometers in 2018.
The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the total 354 km of coastline. In 2020, about 252,310 freight containers were transported.
› Airports in Bulgaria
Back to overview: Bulgaria
Road trafficThe network of roads and highways has a total length of 19,512 km. For each of the country's 6.93 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 2.81 meters. This puts Bulgaria in 152nd place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 62 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.
With an average of 665 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Bulgaria is considered relatively safe. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 9.3 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 5.9 in the European Union as a whole and 17.1 worldwide.
In Bulgaria, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This rule was introduced at the end of the 18th century during the Napoleonic Wars. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.
|total||per 1 mio|
|Roadways||19,500 km||2,813.95 km||175.78 m|
|Railroads||4,000 km||581.19 km||36.31 m|
|Waterways||470 km||67.78 km||4.23 m|
|total||per 1 mio|
|Roadways||6,708,300 km||11,136.37 km||1,111.61 m|
|Railroads||258,600 km||429.31 km||42.85 m|
|Waterways||53,100 km||88.21 km||8.81 m|
Data sources used• Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
• Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
• CIA Factbook
• OECD Statistics
• Wikipedia (german)