Traffic in Bulgaria

Transport and infrastructure in Bulgaria

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Bulgaria with the average of all countries in Europe. The main traffic and transport routes are in good condition, but do not reach the level of the leading industrial nations.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Bulgaria ranks 27th in the world with 0.59 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 4,030 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 4.66 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 1.21 billion passenger-kilometers in 2021.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the 354 km of coastline. In 2021, about 245,160 freight containers were transported.

Airports in Bulgaria

Back to overview: Bulgaria

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 19,512 km. For each of the country's 6.88 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 2.84 meters. This puts Bulgaria in 149th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note that the country's population density is very low at around 62 inhabitants per km². In this case, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 669 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Bulgaria is considered relatively safe. This corresponds to 9.5 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

Traffic in BulgariaIn Bulgaria, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This rule was introduced at the end of the 18th century during the Napoleonic Wars. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways19,500 km2,836.98 km175.78 m
Railroads4,000 km585.95 km36.31 m
Waterways470 km68.34 km4.23 m
Commercial harbors7911.490.001


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways6,708,900 km11,154.38 km1,111.71 m
Railroads258,600 km429.97 km42.85 m
Waterways54,800 km91.17 km9.09 m
Commercial harbors15,27325.390.003

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Bulgaria: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in BulgariaThe 4 biggest airports and 4 airlines in Bulgaria with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Bulgaria: ClimateClimate and temperature development in BulgariaA climate analysis for Bulgaria incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, water temperature, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing