Members of the TPP - Trans-Pacific Partnership

The TPP is a trade agreement with currently 10 member states, which consist of countries bordering the Pacific Ocean. Geographical focus is on South East Asia, Australia and the West Coast of America.

All member states together cover an area of 13.06 million km² and a population of about 470.13 million. This is 8.7% of the world's habitable area or 6.1% of the world's population. Together, the 10 countries have a gross domestic product of 9,475.44 billion US dollars, representing about 10.79% of the world economy.
CountryCommencementRegionAreaPopulation
Australia2016Australia/New Zealand7,741,000 km²25.36 M
Brunei2016Southeast Asia5,770 km²0.43 M
Chile2016South America757,000 km²18.95 M
Japan2016East Asia378,000 km²126.26 M
Malaysia2016Southeast Asia330,000 km²31.95 M
Mexico2016Central America1,964,000 km²127.58 M
New Zealand2016Australia/New Zealand268,000 km²4.92 M
Peru2016South America1,285,000 km²32.51 M
Singapore2016Southeast Asia719 km²5.70 M
Vietnam2016Southeast Asia331,000 km²96.46 M


The TTP Trade Agreement came into force in 2016 after 7 years of negotiations. Originally, the USA and Canada also participated. Shortly after US President Donald Trump took office, the USA cancelled its participation at the beginning of 2017. In November 2017, the Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau also announced his withdrawal from the agreement. Instead, a replacing trade agreement CPTPP ("Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership") was continued without the USA, but with Canada.

The aim of the agreement is to reduce tariffs, particularly in the areas of agriculture, vehicle construction and clothing. In addition, trade regulations are to be simplified and intellectual property rights extended.

Talks are currently being held with numerous other countries that could join the alliance. These include large economies such as India, Indonesia, the United Kingdom and South Korea.

Former member countries

CountryExitRegionAreaPopulation
CanadaNov 2017North America9,985,000 km²37.59 M
United StatesJan 2017North America9,832,000 km²328.24 M


Dependent territories

Some of the above member states have other dependent outlying areas. These are not independent states, but they do have some economic and political autonomy. The treaties concluded by the TPP apply to them at least in part. However, these countries are not listed as official member states.

CountryRegionDependency
Christmas IslandAustralia/New Zealandnicht selbstregiertes Territorium Australiens
Cocos (Keeling) IslandsAustralia/New Zealandnicht selbstregiertes Territorium Australiens
Heard Island and McDonald IslandsAustralia/New ZealandTerritory of Australia
Norfolk IslandAustralia/New ZealandTerritorium Australiens
TokelauPolynesiaTerritorium Neuseelands