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Country comparison

Iceland

Norway

Iceland
All information: Iceland
 
Norway
All information: Norway
 
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This country comparison is a concise, tabular overview of numerous data from our respective country pages for Iceland and Norway. For further information and explanations, we provide many details per country that go far beyond this comparison. For example, there are separate sub-pages for both countries on economy, climate, energy, refugees, inflation, population and much more.
In addition, we offer several international comparisons on individual topics, which are also linked on this page.

General information

 IcelandNorway
Region:Northern EuropeNorthern Europe
Area:103,000 km²385,203 km²
Official language:IcelandicNorwegian
Government form:Parliamentary republicParliamentary constitutional monarchy
Independent since:1944 AD1905 AD
Capital:ReykjavíkOslo

Population

Details for Iceland and Norway
 IcelandNorway
Population:372,2955,408,000
Inhabitants/km²:3.614.0
Life expectancy males:Ø 82 yearsØ 82 years
Life expectancy females:Ø 85 yearsØ 85 years
Average age:Ø 37.1 yearsØ 39.5 years
Birthrate:12.30 ‰9.80 ‰
Deathrate:6.30 ‰7.50 ‰
Migrationrate:2.89 ‰3.92 ‰

Quality of life

Values from 0 (bad) to 100 (very good)
See also: Explanations and country ranking on quality of life
 IcelandNorway
Political stability:8388
Civil rights:9399
Health:8790
Climate:717
Cost of Living:3642
Popularity:3337

Economy

Details for Iceland and Norway
 IcelandNorway
Currency:Icelandic krone
(1 ISK = 100 Aurar)
Norwegian krone
(1 NOK =100 Øre)
Unemployment rate:5.4 %5.0 %
Inflation rate:4.44 %3.48 %
Cost of Living:
(USA = 100%)
127.96 %124.56 %
Commercial taxes and contributions:31.90 %36.20 %
Average income:64,410 US$84,090 US$
Corruption index:26 (good)15 (good)

 ISL:
total
per 1000
inh.
NOR:
total
per 1000
inh.
Gross domestic product:25,459 M US$68.38 M US$482,437 M US$89.20 M US$
Gross national product:23,979 M US$64.41 M US$454,779 M US$84.09 M US$
Exported goods:9,703 M US$26.06 M US$199,165 M US$36.83 M US$
Imported goods:10,246 M US$27.52 M US$139,552 M US$25.80 M US$
Gross debt:11,464 M US$30.79 M US$122,175 M US$22.59 M US$
Budget surplus:-480 M US$-1.29 M US$23,730 M US$4.39 M US$

Infrastructure

Details for Iceland and Norway
 ISL:
total
per 1000
inh.
NOR:
total
per 1000
inh.
Roadways:12,898 km34.64 km94,902 km17.55 km
Harbours:410.11011,6440.3040
Passenger airports:100.0269490.0091

Energy balance

Details for Iceland and Norway
 ISL:
total
per 1000
inh.
NOR:
total
per 1000
inh.
Energy consumption:17.68 bn kWh47.49 m kWh122.20 bn kWh22.59 m kWh
Energy production:18.17 bn kWh48.81 m kWh147.70 bn kWh27.31 m kWh
Energy export:0.00 kWh0.00 kWh15.53 bn kWh2.87 m kWh
Energy imports:0.00 kWh0.00 kWh5.74 bn kWh1.06 m kWh
CO2 emissions:1.64 m t4,405.11 t35.95 m t6,647.17 t

Telecommunication

Details for Iceland and Norway
 IcelandNorway
International dialing:+354+47
Internet domain:.is.no

 ISL
total
ISL
per 1000
inh.
NOR
total
NOR
per 1000
inh.
Landlines:107,032287348,80864
Mobile cellulars:421,38411325,825,5841077
Internet server:369,9699943,588,000663
Internet users:368,5729905,246,070970
Broadband Internet:141,8163812,387,661441

Healthcare system

Details for Iceland and Norway
 IcelandNorway
Hospital beds per 1000 inh.:2.833.53
Physicians per 1000 inh.:3.974.63
Diabetes:5.8 %5.3 %
HIV:0.07 %0.02 %
Tuberculosis:0.03 ‰0.03 ‰
Tuberculosis cure rate:100.0 %85.0 %
Smokers:12.0 %16.2 %

Climate

We also provide a more detailed climate comparison of both countries.
The data for each country can be found here: Iceland and Norway
 IcelandNorway
Daytime temperatures:8.1 °C9.0 °C
Nighttime temperatures:3.0 °C2.1 °C
Rain days:13.111.5
Sunshine hours per day:3.54.2

Native languages

 IcelandNorway
Norwegian:n/a96.6 %
Icelandic:95.7 %n/a
English:n/a0.5 %
Danish:n/a0.4 %
Swedish:n/a0.3 %
other:4.3 %2.2 %

Religions

 IcelandNorway
Christianity:83.3 %87.8 %
Nondenominational:5.6 %n/a
Islam:n/a2.3 %
other:11.1 %9.9 %

Data inventory and updates

A country comparison like this can be based on several hundred individual data items from dozens of different sources. All data are based on the most recent data available to us. Most of them refer to the previous year and are updated around March of the following year. If a country has not yet published data for the most recent or penultimate year, we present the most recent official data. Updates are made on an ongoing basis depending on the subject area or source, so there is no single "cutoff date" for this comparison. Sources for almost all data can be found on our respective country pages.