Traffic in Norway

Transport and infrastructure in Norway

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Norway with the average of all countries in Europe. Overall, the traffic routes are above average and in good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Norway ranks 18th in the world with 0.78 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 4,200 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 4.31 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 1.78 billion passenger-kilometers in 2021.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the 25,148 km of coastline. In 2020, about 835,398 freight containers were transported.

Airports in Norway

Back to overview: Norway

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 94,902 km. For each of the country's 5.41 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 17.55 meters. This puts Norway in 30th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note that the country's population density is very low at around 14 inhabitants per km². In this case, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 138 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Norway is considered very safe. This corresponds to 2.6 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

Traffic in NorwayIn Norway, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This rule was introduced at the end of the 18th century during the Napoleonic Wars. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways94,900 km17,547.41 km246.37 m
Railroads4,200 km776.58 km10.90 m
Waterways1,577 km291.59 km4.09 m
Commercial harbors1,644303.980.004


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways6,708,900 km11,154.38 km1,111.71 m
Railroads258,600 km429.97 km42.85 m
Waterways54,800 km91.17 km9.09 m
Commercial harbors15,27325.390.003

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Norway: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in NorwayThe 30 biggest airports and 5 airlines in Norway with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Norway: ClimateClimate and temperature development in NorwayA climate analysis for Norway incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, water temperature, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing