Transport and infrastructure in Iceland

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Iceland with the average of all countries in Europe. Overall, the traffic routes are above average and in good condition.

Airports in Iceland

Back to overview: Iceland

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 12,898 km. For each of the country's 366,425 inhabitants, this corresponds to 35.20 meters. This puts Iceland in 12th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 4 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 15 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Iceland is considered very safe. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 4.5 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 5.9 in the European Union as a whole and 17.1 worldwide.

In Iceland, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This rule was introduced at the end of the 18th century during the Napoleonic Wars. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways12,900 km35,199.56 km125.22 m
Railroads0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Waterways0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Commercial harbors41111.890.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways6,708,300 km11,136.37 km1,111.61 m
Railroads258,600 km429.31 km42.85 m
Waterways53,100 km88.21 km8.81 m
Commercial harbors15,29125.380.003

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Iceland: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in IcelandThe 5 biggest airports and 7 airlines in Iceland with further information and data
Iceland: ClimateClimate and temperature development in IcelandA climate analysis for Iceland incl. temperatures, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing