Transport and infrastructure in Iceland

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Iceland with the average of all countries in Europe. Overall, the traffic routes are above average and in good condition.

Airports in Iceland

Back to overview: Iceland

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 12,898 km. For each of the country's 372,520 inhabitants, this corresponds to 34.62 meters. This puts Iceland in 13th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note that the country's population density is very low at around 4 inhabitants per km². In this case, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 16 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Iceland is considered very safe. This corresponds to 4.7 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Iceland, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This regulation was enforced on May 27th, 1968. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways12,900 km34,623.64 km125.22 m
Railroads0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Waterways0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Commercial harbors41110.060.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways6,708,900 km11,154.38 km1,111.71 m
Railroads258,600 km429.97 km42.85 m
Waterways54,800 km91.17 km9.09 m
Commercial harbors15,27325.390.003

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Iceland: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in IcelandThe 10 biggest airports and 4 airlines in Iceland with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Iceland: ClimateClimate and temperature development in IcelandA climate analysis for Iceland incl. temperatures, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing