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Norway

Parliamentary constitutional monarchy
independant since 1905
Norway
Region:
Northern Europe
Area:
385,203 km²
Local name:
Norge
Capital:
Oslo
Norway on the world map

Geography

Norway is a country on the Scandinavian Peninsula. The land has a total area of 385,203 km² (148,728 mi²) and a total coastline of 25,148 km (15,626.2 mi). This land area is approximately 95% of the area of California. Norway is thus one of the largest countries in Europe and the 62nd biggest in the world. With 14 Einwohner pro km² it is one of the most sparsely populated countries on earth. It is comparatively low at an average elevation of 460 meters above sea level.

The country has 239,057 mostly uninhabited islands in the open sea. There are direct national borders with the 3 neighbouring countries Finland, Sweden and Russia. The distance between New York City and the Capital Oslo is about 5,920 km (3,679 mi).

Population

Population:5,348,000
Life expectancy females:
Ø 84.5 years
Birthrate:
10.4 ‰
Deathrate:
7.7 ‰
Males/Females:
50.5% : 49.5%

Population pyramid

Population pyramid Norway 2019
The currency in Norway is Norwegian Krone (NOK).
1 Krone is divided into 100 Øre.
Status: 04/20/2021
1 US Dollar = 8.28 Kronen
1 Krone = 0.12 US Dollar

The climate in Norway

The country is much further away from the equator than Central Europe. This means that the winter days in Norway are much darker, colder and also shorter. The country is under cold polar climate. Depending on the season, the average daytime temperatures range between -1 and 20 degrees. In some parts of the country the temperature raises up to 24 °C. In the colder months and depending in the region, the temperature lowers down to -6°C in a month's average.

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures
Average daytime and nighttime temperatures in Norway
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Languages

Official language:
Norwegian

mother tonguedistribution
Norwegian96.6 %
English0.5 %
Danish0.4 %
Swedish0.3 %
other2.2 %

Religions

Branchdistribution
Lutherans82.1%
Roman Catholics1.8%
other Christs3.9%
Muslims2.3%
other9.9%

more...

Economy

GDP:2.02 bn $
Exportations:148.44 bn $
Importations:141.31 bn $
Budget surplus:22,262 M $
Tourism receipts:6.93 bn $
Gross debt:114.61 bn $
Unemployment rate:4.6 %
Inflation rate:2.17 %
corruption index:84 (good)
Energy consumption:122.2 bn kWh

With an Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.957 Norway counts as one of the high developed economies by UN-definition. The IMF also shares this classification. Considering the purchasing power parity Norway is among the 10 richest countries in the world.

Land use

5% Urban areas:20,282 km²
3% Agricultural areas:10,400 km²
33% Forest:127,733 km²
0% Water areas:20,080 km²
59% Others:226,787 km²

more...

Transport

Roadways:94,902 km
Railways:4,200 km
Waterways:1,577 km
Commercial harbors:1,576
Airports:95

Most important cities

CityProvincePopulation
Oslo / CapitalOslo681,000
BergenHordaland266,000
TrondheimSør-Trøndelag178,000
StavangerRogaland128,000
DrammenBuskerud91,000
FredrikstadØstfold73,000
KristiansandVest-Agder64,000
SandnesRogaland63,000
TromsøTroms52,000
SarpsborgØstfold52,000
SkienTelemark51,000
ÅlesundMøre og Romsdal44,000
SandefjordVestfold43,000
HaugesundRogaland40,000
TønsbergVestfold39,000
MossØstfold34,000
PorsgrunnTelemark34,000
BodøNordland34,000
ArendalAust-Agder31,000
HamarHedmark29,000
LarvikVestfold23,000
HaldenØstfold22,000
SteinkjerNord-Trøndelag20,000
HarstadTroms19,000
LillehammerOppland19,000
MoldeMøre og Romsdal19,000
LillestrømAkershus14,000
VadsøFinnmark Fylke5,140
HermansverkSogn og Fjordane2,000




Political indicators

(Based on the "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project of the World Bank)

Political stability:
Rule of law:
Effectivity:
Regulatory quality:
Voice accountability:
Death penalty:abolished in 1979



Existing trade agreements



Alliances



Dependent territories

Bouvet Island (South America)
Svalbard (Northern Europe)
Sweden: Public HolidaysPublic holidays in Sweden 2021-2025Statutory and inofficial holidays in Sweden for 2021 to 2025
New Zealand: Sunrise + sunsetSunrise and sunset in New ZealandTimes of sunrise and sunset for the most important cities in New Zealand and the avg. length of daylight per month
Countries with US DollarCountries that use the US DollarUsage and exchange rates of the US Dollar. Convert the USD into any other currency.
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