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Picture Languages

Croatian speaking countries

Croatian is the official language in Croatia and is spoken in 5 other countries as monther tongue by a part of the population. The Croatian language (native name: hrvatski jezik) has its roots in the Indo-European language family.

As a percentage of the total population, the largest share of around 91 percent is in Croatia. A total of about 4.9 million people worldwide speak Croatian as their mother tongue.
Distribution Croatian

CountryRegionOfficial languageDistributionTotal
CroatiaSouthern Europeyes91.4 %3,564,000
Bosnia and HerzegovinaSouthern Europeno28.8 %942,000
AustriaWestern Europeno1.6 %143,000
SwitzerlandWestern Europeno1.4 %122,000
HungaryEastern Europeno0.9 %87,000
SloveniaSouthern Europeno3.2 %67,000



Unless otherwise described in the text, this page is about native speakers — not the total number of speakers. How many people understand or speak Croatian as a subsequently learned language is not the subject of this page. Countries where native speakers make up only a few thousand, or even a few hundred people, or countries with a percentage well below 1% are unlikely to be listed here.