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Picture Languages

Croatian speaking countries

Croatian is the official language in Croatia and is spoken in 5 more countries as monther tongue by a part of the population. The Croatian language (native name: hrvatski jezik) has its roots in the Indo-European language family.

With a share of around 91%, it is most widespread in Croatia. A total of about 5.1 m people worldwide speak Croatian as their mother tongue.

Distribution Croatian

CountryRegionOfficial languageDistributionTotal
CroatiaSouthern Europeyes91.4 %3,699,000
Bosnia and HerzegovinaSouthern Europeno28.8 %945,000
AustriaWestern Europeno1.6 %143,000
SwitzerlandWestern Europeno1.4 %121,000
HungaryEastern Europeno0.9 %88,000
SloveniaSouthern Europeno3.2 %67,000


Unless otherwise described in the text, this page is about native speakers - not the total number of speakers. How many people understand or speak Croatian as a subsequently learned language is not the subject of this page. Countries where native speakers make up only a few thousand or even a few hundred people, or countries with a percentage well below 1%, are maybe not listed here.