Symbol image: cell tower

Telecommunication in Estonia

Compared to the United States, Estonia is at the forefront of the development of telecommunications. Under the country code +372, there were a total of 2.28 million connections in 2021. Among them were 1.98 million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 1.5 per person. In the US, this figure is 1.1 mobile phones per person.

With about 865,494 webhosts, Estonia is below the world's average by population. At the end of 2020, 112,151 of these, or about 13 percent, were secured with SSL or comparable encryption.

Back to overview: Estonia

Development of telephone and internet connections

With an average download speed of 59.98 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, Estonia ranks 67th in an international comparison. The upload rate was only 44.13 Mbit/second (42nd place).
In mobile internet, i.e., on tablets and smartphones, Estonia comes 35th with a download speed of 56.26 Mbit/second. The upload speed of around 11 Mbit was only enough for 62nd place.

The Speedtest Global Index published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in December 2022 from 178 countries.

The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100 percent mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.

Access to the internet in Estonia from 1990 - 2021

Broadband internet in Estonia 2001 - 2021

Symbol image: cell towerThe expansion of broadband internet in Estonia is roughly on a par with the USA. Around 91 percent of all residents have access to the internet. Around 37 percent have their own fast internet connection, which is at least faster than the former ISDN (more than 256 kbit/s). All fixed connections via DSL, cable or satellite were counted here, but not those connected to the internet via mobile communications. With around 2.1 people per household, this means that around 78.5 percent of all households are equipped with a high-speed internet connection.

Landlines 1990 - 2021

Mobile phones 1990 - 2021

The increasing prevalence of cell phones and the simultaneous decline in landline phones clearly indicate a change in Estonia. While the number of landlines has fallen significantly in recent years, the spread of cell phones has risen to 149 cell phone subscriptions per 100 people at last count. Such a clear shift does not occur in all countries, but the trend points in the same direction internationally.

Distribution in 2021Estonia
Broadband users497,504.0037.38 %127.03 m38.27 %
Landlines296,620.0022.29 %97.11 m29.26 %
Mobile cellulars1.98 m148.83 %361.62 m108.96 %

Comparison: Estonia / United StatesCountry comparison: Estonia / United States of AmericaThe United States of America and Estonia compared: demography, Economy, energy, languages and further dimensions.
United States of America: TelecommunicationTelecommunication in the United States of AmericaComparison of technological development and communication in the United States of America with the countries of the European Union
Germany: household debtsDebts an budget deficits in GermanyBudget surplus and deficits in the last 22 years in Germany incl. a comparison to the European Union