Symbol image: cell tower

Telecommunication in Estonia

The development of telecommunications in Estonia is roughly equivalent to the United States. Under the country code +372, there were a total of 2.23 million connections in 2020. Among them were 1.93 million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 1.4 per person. In the US, , this figure is 1.1 mobile phones per person.

With about 865,494 webhosts, Estonia is below the world's average by population. At the end of 2020, 112,151 million of these, or about 13 percent, were secured with SSL or comparable encryption.

Back to overview: Estonia

Development of telephone and internet connections

With an average download speed of 49.82 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, Estonia ranked 68th in an international comparison. The upload rate was only 34.75 Mbit/second (47th place).
In mobile internet, i.e. on tablets and smartphones, Estonia comes 33rd with a download speed of 50.29 Mbit/second. The upload speed of around 9 Mbit was only enough for 78th place.

The Speedtest Global Index published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in July 2022 from 182 countries.

The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and Internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100% mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.

Access to the Internet in Estonia from 1990 - 2020

Broadband internet in Estonia 2001 - 2020

Symbol image: cell towerEstonia is lagging behind in the expansion of broadband Internet connections. Around 89% of all residents have access to the Internet. Around 31% have their own fast Internet connection, which is at least faster than the former ISDN (more than 256 kbit/s). All fixed connections via DSL, cable or satellite were counted here, but not those connected to the Internet via mobile communications. With around 2.1 people per household, this means that around 65.7 percent of all households are equipped with a fast Internet connection.

Landlines 1990 - 2020

Mobile phones 1990 - 2020

Distribution in 2020Estonia
Internet users1.18 m89.06 %301.33 m90.90 %
Broadband users415,610.0031.26 %121.18 m36.55 %
Landlines304,728.0022.92 %101.53 m30.63 %
Mobile cellulars1.93 m144.85 %351.48 m106.03 %

Comparison: Estonia / United StatesCountry comparison: Estonia / United StatesThe United States and Estonia compared: demography, Economy, energy, languages and further dimensions.
United States: TelecommunicationTelecommunication in the United StatesComparison of technological development and communication in the United States with the countries of the European Union
Brazil: Population growthPopulation growth in BrazilPopulation growth of the last 61 years in Brazil compared to the global average