Telecommunication in Estonia

The development of telecommunications in Estonia is roughly equivalent to the average of the European Union. Under the country code +372, there were a total of 2.28 million connections in 2019. Among them were 1.95 million million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 1.5 per person. In the EU, this figure is 1.2 mobile phones per person.

The expansion of the broadband Internet in Estonia is roughly equal to the EU average. Around 90% of all residents have access to the Internet. Approximately 34% have their own fast Internet connection, which is at least faster than the previous ISDN (more than 2048 kbit/s).

With about 865,494 webhosts, Estonia is roughly in the the world's average.


Back to overview: Estonia

Development of telephone and internet connections

With an average download speed of 85.47 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, Estonia ranked 46th in an international comparison. The upload rate was only 69.15 Mbit/second (27th place). The quality of the Internet, consisting of signal fluctuations (jitter) and latency, is very far ahead at 13th place.
In mobile internet, i.e. on tablets and smartphones, Estonia comes 33rd with a download speed of 51.92 Mbit/second. The upload speed of around 15 Mbit was enough for 41st place.

The "Speedtest Global Index" published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in November 2020 from 176 countries.

The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and Internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100% mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.


Access to the Internet in Estonia from 1990 - 2019




Broadband internet in Estonia 2001 - 2019




Landlines 1990 - 2019




Mobile phones 1990 - 2019




Spreading in 2019Estonia
Total
Estonia
percent
EU
Total
EU
percent
Broadband users449,140.0033.86 %157.90 m35.28 %
Landlines324,388.0024.45 %166.16 m37.13 %
Mobile cellulars1.95 m147.07 %547.36 m122.31 %