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NATO

Members of the NATO:
North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NATO is an alliance of 29 member states. In addition to the USA and Canada on the American continent, these are numerous European states. All member states together cover an area of 24.57 m km² and about 944.52 m people. This is 16.25% of the world's habitable area and 12.18% of the world's population.

The abbreviation "NATO" here stands for "North Atlantic Treaty Organization", which translates roughly as an "organization of the North Atlantic Treaty", which was founded in 1949 mainly as an alliance of states for the military defense of its members.

NATO Headquarters is based in Brussels (previously London and Paris).

Map of member countries: NATO - North Atlantic Treaty Organization

CountryCommencementPopulationArea
Albania20092.84 M29,000 km²
Belgium194911.56 M31,000 km²
Bulgaria20046.93 M111,000 km²
Canada194938.01 M9,985,000 km²
Croatia20094.05 M57,000 km²
Czechia199910.70 M79,000 km²
Denmark19495.83 M43,000 km²
Estonia20041.33 M45,000 km²
France194967.39 M549,000 km²
Germany195583.24 M358,000 km²
Greece195210.72 M132,000 km²
Hungary19999.75 M93,000 km²
Iceland19490.37 M103,000 km²
Italy194959.55 M301,000 km²
Latvia20041.90 M64,000 km²
Lithuania20042.79 M65,000 km²
Luxembourg19490.63 M2,590 km²
Montenegro20170.62 M14,000 km²
Netherlands194917.44 M42,000 km²
Norway19495.38 M385,000 km²
Poland199937.95 M313,000 km²
Portugal194910.31 M92,000 km²
Romania200419.29 M238,000 km²
Slovakia20045.46 M49,000 km²
Slovenia20042.10 M21,000 km²
Spain198247.35 M506,000 km²
Turkey195284.34 M785,000 km²
United Kingdom194967.22 M244,000 km²
United States1949329.48 M9,832,000 km²



Originally, NATO was founded by France, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg to coordinate the European economy, culture and self-defence after the Second World War and to prevent a resurgence of Germany. In the immediate post-war years, Russia developed into a new military and threatening great power, which is why the then NATO countries turned to the USA for military protection.

In 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty was signed, under which all member states assured each other of mutual protection. In the years that followed, other European countries, Canada and the Alliance joined to protect themselves from the communist Eastern bloc. In 1952, Turkey was the only country to accede to the treaty, mainly from the Middle East.

Germany's accession to NATO in 1952 played an important role in several respects. On the one hand, it included a country against which the original version of NATO still wanted to defend itself. With the Paris Treaties, West Germany was once again recognised as a sovereign state and integrated into the Western defence strategy. As a counter-reaction, the countries of the Eastern bloc joined forces in the same year to form the Warsaw Pact. It is worth mentioning that some of the member countries of the Warsaw Pact, which was dissolved in 1991, subsequently allied themselves with the West and thus positioned themselves against the Soviet Union. These were (in chronological order) Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Albania.

Former member countries

CountryExitPopulationArea
Algeria196243.85 M2,382,000 km²
Malta19640.53 M320 km²


Dependent territories

Some of the above-mentioned Member States have other external territories dependent on them. These are not independent states, but they do have some economic and political autonomy. The treaties concluded by the NATO apply to them at least in part. These countries are not listed as official member states.

CountryRegionDependency
American SamoaPolynesiaselbstregiertes Territorium der USA
AnguillaCaribbeanselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
ArubaCaribbeanTerritorium des Niederländischen Königreiches
BermudaNorth Americaselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
BonaireCaribbeanTerritory of the Netherlands
Bouvet IslandSouth AmericaTerritory of Norway
British Indian Ocean TerritoryEastern AfricaTerritory of the United Kingdom
British Virgin IslandsCaribbeanselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
Cayman IslandsCaribbeanselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
Falkland IslandsSouth Americaselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
Faroe IslandsNorthern EuropeTerritorium des dänischen Königreiches
French Antarctic LandsAntarcticaTerritory of France
French GuianaSouth AmericaTerritory of France
French PolynesiaPolynesiaTerritorium Frankreichs
GibraltarSouthern Europeselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
GreenlandNorth AmericaTerritorium des dänischen Königreiches
GuadeloupeCaribbeanTerritory of France
GuamMicronesiaselbstregiertes nicht-inkorporiertes Territorium der USA
GuernseyNorthern Europeautonomer Kronbesitz des Vereinigten Königreiches
Isle of ManNorthern Europeautonomer Kronbesitz des Vereinigten Königreiches
JerseyNorthern Europeautonomer Kronbesitz des Vereinigten Königreiches
MartiniqueCaribbeanTerritory of France
MayotteEastern AfricaTerritory of France
MontserratCaribbeanselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
New CaledoniaMelanesiaTerritorium Frankreichs
Northern MarianasMicronesiaTerritory of the United States
Pitcairn IslandsPolynesiaBritisches Überseegebiet
Puerto RicoCaribbeannicht-inkorporiertes Territorium der USA
ReunionEastern AfricaTerritory of France
Saint BarthelemyCaribbeanTerritory of France
Saint HelenaWestern Africabeschränkt selbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
Saint MartinCaribbeanautonomes Territorium des Niederländischen Königreichs
Saint Pierre and MiquelonNorth AmericaTerritorium Frankreichs
South Georgia and South Sandwich IslandsSouth AmericaTerritory of the United Kingdom
St. MartinCaribbeanTerritory of France
SvalbardNorthern EuropeTerritory of Norway
Turks and Caicos IslandsCaribbeanselbstregiertes Territorium des Vereinigten Königreiches
Virgin IslandsCaribbeanselbstregiertes Territorium der USA
Wallis and FutunaPolynesiaTerritorium Frankreichs