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Cyclones in New Caledonia

Cyclones only occur occasionally in New Caledonia. On average, they happen about 4 times a year. The hardest hit regions are South Province, Loyalty Islands and North Province.

The typical cyclone season depends on the summer monsoon. In the months before (May to June) and after (October to November), the most severe storms occur.

The most severe cyclone to make landfall in New Caledonia in the past 12 months was »Dovi«. It reached a wind speed of up to 124 km/h on February 10, 2022 at 8:00 pm local time near Vao and was 20 kilometers in diameter at the time. According to the internationally accepted Saffir-Simpson classification, this corresponded to a category 1 cyclone. On the open sea, speeds of up to 165 km/h were even measured (category 2).

Other natural hazards in New Caledonia:
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05.10.2022 © CIMSS University of Wisconsin-Madison

Most violent cyclones in New Caledonia since 2018

Gina: May 18-22, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 65 km/h
Diameter:
max. 278 km
Air pressure:
below 1002 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On May 20th, 2022 at 11:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 180 km northwest of Fayaoué in Loyalty Islands.

Fili: April 4-9, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 100 km/h
Diameter:
max. 296 km
Air pressure:
below 989 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On April 06th, 2022 at 5:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 58 km east of Wala in North Province.

Dovi: February 9-12, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 165 km/h
on land:
max. 124 km/h
Diameter:
max. 241 km
Air pressure:
below 956 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 2
Affected regions
Loyalty Islands

Seth: December 31, 2021 to January 5, 2022

Region:
Eastern Australia
Wind speed:
max. 102 km/h
Diameter:
max. 352 km
Air pressure:
below 988 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On January 02nd, 2022 at 5:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 670 km southeast of Wala in North Province.

Ruby: December 11-15, 2021

Region:
Eastern Australia
Wind speed:
max. 130 km/h
on land:
max. 111 km/h
Diameter:
max. 185 km
Air pressure:
below 980 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
North Province
South Province

Niran: March 1-7, 2021

Region:
Eastern Australia
Wind speed:
max. 256 km/h
on land:
max. 183 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Eye:
max. 37 km
Air pressure:
below 917 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 5
Affected regions
South Province

Lucas: January 31 to February 4, 2021

Wind speed:
max. 119 km/h
on land:
max. 72 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Air pressure:
below 980 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Loyalty Islands
South Province

Harold: April 1-11, 2020

Wind speed:
max. 278 km/h
Diameter:
max. 3741 km
Eye:
max. 56 km
Air pressure:
below 903 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 5
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On April 05th, 2020 at 5:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 500 km northwest of Wala in North Province.

Gretel: March 13-19, 2020

Region:
Eastern Australia
Wind speed:
max. 115 km/h
Diameter:
max. 370 km
Air pressure:
below 971 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On March 15th, 2020 at 8:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 136 km southeast of Poya in North Province.

Uesi: February 6-17, 2020

Wind speed:
max. 143 km/h
Diameter:
max. 3741 km
Eye:
max. 37 km
Air pressure:
below 969 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
North Province

Rita: November 22-29, 2019

Wind speed:
max. 130 km/h
Diameter:
max. 630 km
Air pressure:
below 980 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On November 27th, 2019 at 11:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 609 km northwest of Fayaoué in Loyalty Islands.

Ann: May 10-18, 2019

Region:
Eastern Australia
Wind speed:
max. 111 km/h
Diameter:
max. 204 km
Air pressure:
below 989 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On May 11th, 2019 at 11:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 595 km northeast of Wala in North Province.

Oma: February 11-28, 2019

Region:
Eastern Australia
Wind speed:
max. 139 km/h
Diameter:
max. 3741 km
Eye:
max. 167 km
Air pressure:
below 968 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
North Province
South Province
Loyalty Islands


These evaluations are based on data from the National Centers for Environmental Information of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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