Climate in Central-South Mexico

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams on this site result from the collected data from nine measuring weather stations in Central-South.
Weather stations at an altitude above 2720m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

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Central-South is the coldest region in Mexico with an average high temperature of only 26°C. It is yearlong warm or hot.
Overview: Climate in Mexico
Daylengths and sun positions in Mexico
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Central-South
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 9 hours per day, April is the sunniest month in the region of Central-South. In September the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Central-South
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 18 rainy days, July offers the most number of rainy days, and in December the least.
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Central-South
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0.2 mm, the least rain falls in December. August, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Central-South
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With humidity averaging 72%, August is the most uncomfortable. In March, on the other hand, it is easier to endure.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Central-South
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy.
Humidex in °CHumidex in Central-South
The "Humidex" (humidity index) is an index of well-being in warmer areas, calculated from the air temperature, relative humidity and dew point. The index corresponds approximately to the temperature felt. At high temperatures, the body transports heat away by sweating. At high humidity the ambient air can only absorb a small amount of sweat and thus one feels uncomfortable. An index of 20-29 is considered comfortable. Up to 39, people perceive the air as slightly uncomfortable, and above 40, as very uncomfortable. Values above 45 are dangerous in the long run and often lead to heat stroke.
Map of Central-South

Most important cities in the region »Central-South«

As the capital region, it is arguably the most important part of Mexico. Alone 9 major cities with over 500,000 inhabitants are located here. The region has a west-east extension of about 430 km and over 180 km from north to south.

It consists of the three federal states Mexico City, Morelos and México State.

CityPopulationGeo position
Mexico City9,209,94419° 25' 42"N99° 7' 40"W
Ecatepec1,645,35219° 37' 2"N99° 3' 58"W
Nezahualcóyotl1,110,56519° 24' 2"N99° 0' 53"W
Naucalpan de Juárez792,21119° 28' 43"N99° 14' 23"W
Tlalnepantla653,41019° 32' 24"N99° 11' 43"W
Coyoacán628,06319° 20' 48"N99° 9' 42"W
Tlalpan607,54519° 17' 49"N99° 10' 4"W
Santa María Chimalhuacán525,38919° 25' 18"N98° 57' 1"W
Cuauhtémoc521,34819° 26' 42"N99° 8' 46"W
Toluca489,33319° 17' 16"N99° 39' 12"W
Ciudad López Mateos489,16019° 35' 8"N99° 15' 37"W
Cuautitlán Izcalli475,17919° 38' 38"N99° 12' 58"W
Venustiano Carranza447,45919° 26' 34"N99° 5' 50"W
Azcapotzalco425,29819° 29' 13"N99° 11' 9"W
Xochimilco404,45819° 15' 28"N99° 6' 18"W
Iztacalco384,32619° 23' 43"N99° 5' 52"W
San Miguel Xico Viejo365,77719° 16' 13"N98° 56' 9"W
Benito Juarez355,01719° 23' 54"N99° 9' 28"W
Miguel Hidalgo353,53419° 26' 5"N99° 12' 3"W
Tlahuac344,10619° 17' 1"N99° 0' 11"W
Cuernavaca338,65018° 55' 34"N99° 13' 51"W
Ixtapaluca322,27119° 18' 56"N98° 52' 58"W
Coacalco313,40519° 38' 4"N99° 6' 2"W
Los Reyes La Paz251,16819° 21' 49"N98° 58' 37"W
Nicolás Romero245,38319° 38' 12"N99° 18' 25"W
Ojo de Agua242,27219° 40' 49"N99° 0' 36"W
Magdalena Contreras228,92719° 19' 56"N99° 12' 40"W
Buenavista206,08119° 36' 30"N99° 10' 10"W
Cuajimalpa173,62519° 21' 36"N99° 17' 38"W
San Pablo de las Salinas173,55719° 40' 0"N99° 5' 43"W

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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