Tsunamis in Jamaica

A total of 2 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1692 have killed 2,000 people in Jamaica. Tsunamis therefore occur only rarely here.

The strongest tidal wave registered in Jamaica so far reached a height of 2.5 meters. On 01/14/1907, no losses of human lifes have been registered by this tsunami.

The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and the economy had been a tsunami on 06/07/1692. A tidal wave of up to 1.8 meters killed 2,000 humans and destroyed vast areas.

Other natural hazards in Jamaica:
The most severe natural disasters worldwide

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Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.

The marked positions on the map represent the most affected regions within the past 340 years.

The largest tsunamis in Jamaica since 1692

DateCauseMax. tidal waveFatalitiesTotal damage
01/14/1907Earthquakes in Jamaica (Jamaica) with a magnitude of m0
06/07/1692Earthquake, landslide in Jamaica (Port Royal) with a magnitude of m2,000

These evaluations are based on data from the Global Historical Tsunami Database of the National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, and World Data Service (NGDC/WDS), doi:10.7289/V5PN93H7. Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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