Climate in Alberta

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams on this site result from the collected data from twelve measuring weather stations in Alberta.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1400m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.
Back to overview: Canada
The climate is predominantly frosty cold and in the winter months the mercury column does not even reach the positive range. In the cold season even the maximum temperatures are well below zero. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from May to September. Winter athletes will find their favorite weather conditions from November to March.
Overview: Climate in Canada
Daylengths and sun positions in Canada
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Alberta
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 10 hours per day, July is the sunniest month in the region of Alberta. In December the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Alberta
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 10 rainy days, June offers the most number of rainy days, and in February the least.
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Alberta
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0.6 mm, the least rain falls in February. June, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Alberta
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With only 45% humidity on average, it is quite dry in December. The highest value of 63% is experienced here in May.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Alberta
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy.
Map of Alberta

Most important cities in the region »Alberta«

Alone 2 major cities with over 1,000,000 inhabitants are located here. The region has a west-east extension of about 590 km and over 1040 km from north to south.

CityPopulationGeo position
Calgary1,372,17851° 3' 0"N114° 5' 7"W
Edmonton1,057,18153° 33' 1"N113° 28' 7"W
Red Deer104,39252° 16' 1"N113° 48' 7"W
Lethbridge101,79949° 41' 60"N112° 49' 7"W
Fort McMurray76,00056° 43' 36"N111° 22' 52"W
Medicine Hat63,13850° 3' 0"N110° 40' 6"W
St. Albert57,71953° 38' 0"N113° 38' 7"W
Sherwood Park55,06353° 31' 1"N113° 19' 7"W
Grande Prairie41,46255° 10' 0"N118° 48' 10"W
Airdrie24,67351° 18' 0"N114° 2' 7"W
Spruce Grove17,76753° 32' 0"N113° 55' 7"W
Cochrane16,36551° 11' 0"N114° 28' 7"W
Camrose15,68653° 1' 1"N112° 50' 7"W
Leduc15,56153° 16' 1"N113° 33' 7"W
Fort Saskatchewan14,95753° 43' 1"N113° 13' 7"W
Okotoks14,82650° 43' 44"N113° 58' 58"W
Brooks12,74450° 35' 0"N111° 53' 6"W
Canmore12,28851° 5' 0"N115° 21' 7"W
Cold Lake11,59554° 27' 55"N110° 10' 54"W
Wetaskiwin11,30252° 58' 1"N113° 22' 7"W
Sylvan Lake10,51852° 19' 1"N114° 5' 7"W
Lacombe10,05952° 28' 1"N113° 44' 7"W
Strathmore10,00951° 3' 0"N113° 23' 7"W
Hinton9,88953° 24' 0"N117° 35' 8"W
High River9,82650° 35' 0"N113° 52' 7"W
Stony Plain8,93953° 32' 0"N114° 0' 7"W
Whitecourt8,76354° 9' 1"N115° 41' 8"W
Taber8,16349° 47' 13"N112° 8' 46"W
Morinville8,10853° 48' 1"N113° 39' 7"W
Edson7,97553° 35' 0"N116° 26' 8"W

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
International tourismThe 41 most popular travel countriesA ranking of international tourism over 41 countries. USA ranks 3rd.
Canada: ClimateClimate and temperature development in CanadaA climate analysis for Canada incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Rainfalls
Language: ChineseChinese - Worldwide distributionInternational distribution of mother tongue Chinese including regional allocations. Mainly in in China.