Climate in Orange Free State
(South Africa)

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams on this site result from the collected data from three measuring weather stations in Orange Free State.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1690m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

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Orange Free State is one of the coldest regions in South Africa with an average daily high temperature of only 24 degrees centigrade. Several months of the year it is warm to hot at temperatures continuously above 25 degrees centigrade, sometimes up to 29 degrees.
Overview: Climate in South Africa
Daylengths and sun positions in South Africa
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Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Orange Free State
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 10 hours per day, November is the sunniest month in the region of Orange Free State. In April the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Orange Free State
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 11 rainy days, January offers the most number of rainy days, and in July the least.
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Orange Free State
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0.2 mm, the least rain falls in July. January, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Orange Free State
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With only 45% humidity on average, it is quite dry in September. The highest value of 65% is experienced here in March.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Orange Free State
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy.
Humidex in °CHumidex in Orange Free State
The "Humidex" (humidity index) is an index of well-being in warmer areas, calculated from the air temperature, relative humidity and dew point. The index corresponds approximately to the temperature felt. At high temperatures, the body transports heat away by sweating. At high humidity the ambient air can only absorb a small amount of sweat and thus one feels uncomfortable. An index of 20-29 is considered comfortable. Up to 39, people perceive the air as slightly uncomfortable, and above 40, as very uncomfortable. Values above 45 are dangerous in the long run and often lead to heat stroke.
Map of Orange Free State

Most important cities in the region »Orange Free State«

Alone 5 cities with over 100,000 inhabitants are located here. The region has a west-east extension of about 320 km and over 390 km from north to south.

CityPopulationGeo position
Bloemfontein463,06429° 7' 16"S26° 12' 50"E
Welkom431,94427° 58' 39"S26° 44' 6"E
Botshabelo309,71429° 16' 13"S26° 42' 19"E
Virginia122,50228° 6' 14"S26° 51' 57"E
Kroonstad103,99227° 39' 1"S27° 14' 6"E
Kutloanong95,00827° 49' 60"S26° 45' 0"E
Phuthaditjhaba84,25828° 31' 27"S28° 48' 57"E
Bethlehem83,65428° 13' 51"S28° 18' 25"E
Sasolburg77,01626° 48' 49"S27° 49' 1"E
Bothaville71,93427° 23' 19"S26° 37' 1"E
Parys71,31926° 54' 12"S27° 27' 26"E
Heilbron55,19627° 16' 52"S27° 58' 15"E
Viljoenskroon54,95527° 12' 30"S26° 56' 55"E
Wesselsbron42,55227° 51' 18"S26° 21' 57"E
Senekal39,58428° 19' 11"S27° 37' 15"E
Thaba Nchu38,61629° 12' 34"S26° 50' 20"E
Harrismith35,10828° 16' 22"S29° 7' 46"E
Theunissen34,71828° 24' 40"S26° 42' 4"E
Allanridge31,70027° 45' 16"S26° 38' 38"E
Hennenman22,84727° 58' 36"S27° 1' 27"E
Ladybrand17,22829° 11' 40"S27° 27' 27"E
Reitz16,63727° 48' 5"S28° 25' 38"E
Vrede14,62227° 25' 33"S29° 9' 57"E
Hoopstad12,66327° 49' 58"S25° 54' 30"E
Zastron12,44930° 18' 8"S27° 5' 2"E
Deneysville12,39726° 53' 27"S28° 5' 49"E
Clocolan12,31828° 54' 49"S27° 33' 56"E
Brandfort12,09128° 42' 0"S26° 27' 35"E
Koppies11,44527° 14' 30"S27° 34' 27"E
Villiers11,24027° 1' 49"S28° 36' 2"E

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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