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Natural gas and oil in Papua New Guinea

Energy consumption in Papua New Guinea

The most important figure in the energy balance of Papua New Guinea is the total consumption of
3.24 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 325 kWh.

Papua New Guinea can completely be self-sufficient with domestically produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is three bn kWh, also 108 percent of own requirements. The rest of the domestically produced energy is either exported into other countries or unused. Along with pure consumption, the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources, such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Papua New Guinea

Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalPapua New Guinea
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption3.24 bn kWh325.35 kWh11,756.77 kWh
Production3.48 bn kWh349.87 kWh12,338.29 kWh

60.4% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity.In rural areas, the share was 56.8%
Crude OilBarrel/dayPapua New Guinea
per capita
USA
per capita
Production45,000.00 bbl0.005 bbl0.033 bbl
Import22,220.00 bbl0.002 bbl0.024 bbl
Export55,600.00 bbl0.006 bbl0.003 bbl

In 2018 there were still 183.80 m barrels of recoverable but not yet used crude oil reserves in the currently known deposits of Papua New Guinea. Worldwide, there are still proved oil reserves totaling around 1.6 tn billion barrels. Papua New Guinea therefore has a share of 0.011% and ranks 57th out of 98 countries with crude oil reserves.
Natural GasCubic metersPapua New Guinea
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption99.11 m m³9.96 m³2,312.79 m³
Production11.18 bn m³1,123.68 m³2,328.46 m³
Export11.10 bn m³1,115.64 m³270.27 m³

CO₂ emissions

CO₂ emissions
in 2019
Papua New Guinea
per capita
USA
per capita
total7.58 m t0.79 t14.67 t


Development of CO₂ emissions from 1960 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO₂ equivalents by country

CO₂ emissions Papua New Guinea


Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which can only be obtained under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient under clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Papua New Guinea
Percentage
in Papua New Guinea
Percentage
USA
per capita
in Papua New Guinea
per capita
USA
Fossil fuels4.97 bn kWh63,0 %70,0 %499.72 kWh20,083.19 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %9,0 %0.00 kWh2,582.12 kWh
Water power2.37 bn kWh30,0 %7,0 %237.96 kWh2,008.32 kWh
Renewable energy552.43 m kWh7,0 %14,0 %55.52 kWh4,016.64 kWh
Total production capacity7.89 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %793.20 kWh28,690.27 kWh
Actual total production3.48 bn kWh44.1 %43.0 %349.87 kWh12,338.29 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energy from hydropower is displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energy accounted for around 53.1 percent of actual total consumption in Papua New Guinea. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy Papua New Guinea
Methane and CO₂ emissions worldwideGreenhouse gases emissions by countryMethane and CO₂ are the main greenhouse gases. This list names the biggest polluters by country.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2023. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
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