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The 11 current pariah states

Pariah states are states that are considered expelled because of their government. Anyone who does not abide by international rules or refuses to cooperate with the international community in wide areas must expect sanctions. Many of the former and current pariah states owe their classification to their autocratic rule, under which their own people suffer.

The 11 countries listed here have a total of 212.96 million inhabitants and thus account for 2.8 percent of the world's population.
CountryRegionAreaPopulation
BelarusEastern Europe207,600 km²9.5 M
BurmaSoutheast Asia676,590 km²53.7 M
Equatorial GuineaCentral Africa28,050 km²1.3 M
EritreaEastern Africa117,600 km²6.1 M
IsraelWestern Asia22,070 km²8.9 M
KosovoSouthern Europe10,887 km²1.8 M
North KoreaEast Asia120,540 km²25.5 M
SudanNorthern Africa1,879,358 km²41.8 M
SyriaWestern Asia185,180 km²16.9 M
UzbekistanCentral Asia447,400 km²33.0 M
ZimbabweEastern Africa390,760 km²14.4 M



Pariah states vs. rogue states

The term pariah state is closely related to the word "rogue state" coined by George W: Bush. Unlike rogue states, pariah states do not have a fixed definition, but only characteristics that indicate possible violations. These include above all the production and use of weapons of mass destruction, the toleration of terrorism, a lack of freedom of expression and democracy, and the violation of human rights. Unlike rogue states, a pariah state does not necessarily pose a threat to other states. Instead, the grievances are often directed only against one's own population.

Who is considered a pariah state is also not uniformly defined. Even the German Wikipedia names other countries than, for example, the Spanish one. The English Wikipedia does not mention any countries at all and only lists their characteristics.

Georgia, Iran, Northern Cyprus, Uganda and Venezuela are also often mentioned. What most definitions have in common is that states such as China and Cuba are often discussed, but are never excluded as pariah states. The "Republic of China" (so Taiwan) also appears occasionally. In addition to the states considered to be independent, individual territories are also considered to be expelled. These include in particular Abkhazia, the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh, Somaliland, South Ossetia and Transnistria.

Former Pariah States