Pariah states vs. rogue states
The term pariah state is closely related to the word "rogue state" coined by George W: Bush. Unlike rogue states
, pariah states do not have a fixed definition, but only characteristics that indicate possible violations. These include above all the production and use of weapons of mass destruction, the toleration of terrorism, a lack of freedom of expression and democracy, and the violation of human rights. Unlike rogue states, a pariah state does not necessarily pose a threat to other states. Instead, the grievances are often directed only against one's own population.
Who is considered a pariah state is also not uniformly defined. Even the German Wikipedia names other countries than, for example, the Spanish one. The English Wikipedia does not mention any countries at all and only lists their characteristics.
Georgia, Iran, Northern Cyprus, Uganda and Venezuela are also often mentioned. What most definitions have in common is that states such as China and Cuba are often discussed, but are never excluded as pariah states. The "Republic of China" (so Taiwan) also appears occasionally. In addition to the states considered to be independent, individual territories are also considered to be expelled. These include in particular Abkhazia, the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh, Somaliland, South Ossetia and Transnistria.
Former Pariah States