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Climate in Eastern Ukraine

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures


All climate diagrams on this site result from the collected data from 13 measuring weather stations in Eastern Ukraine.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.


Back to overview: Ukraine

The climate is varied and offers seasons with strong winters and warm summers. It rarely gets really warm up here. Due to the warmer temperatures, the best time for traveling is from May to September. Less attractive are the cold months from November to March.
Overview: Climate in Ukraine
Daylengths and sun positions in Ukraine
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Sunshine hours per day
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 11 hours per day, July is the sunniest month in the greater region of Eastern Ukraine. In December, the sun shines the least.
Rain days per month
A rain day is a day on which at least 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 10 rain days, January offers the most rain days, while August has the fewest.
Precipitation amount in mm/day
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 1.1 mm, the least amount of rain falls in August. June, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Relative humidity in %
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture can be physically contained in the air. At high humidity, a person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% feels pleasant. With humidity averaging 89%, December is the most uncomfortable. In May, on the other hand, it is easier to endure.
Absolute humidity in g/m³
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy.
Climate charts for other greater regions in Ukraine

Map of Eastern Ukraine

Most important cities in the greater region »Eastern Ukraine«

Alone 4 major cities with over 600,000 inhabitants are located here. The greater region has a west-east extension of about 510 km and over 400 km from north to south.

It consists of the five oblasts Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Kharkiv, Luhansk and Zaporizhia.


CityPopulationGeo position
Kharkiv1,433,88649° 58' 51"N36° 15' 10"E
Dnepropetrovsk990,38148° 27' 0"N34° 58' 60"E
Donetsk910,25248° 1' 23"N37° 48' 8"E
Kryvyi Rih628,18147° 54' 35"N33° 22' 50"E
Mariupol441,09847° 5' 43"N37° 32' 29"E
Luhansk403,25448° 34' 1"N39° 19' 1"E
Makiyivka343,10248° 2' 52"N37° 55' 33"E
Zaporizhzhya265,67947° 49' 22"N35° 11' 25"E
Gorlivka243,53648° 20' 9"N38° 3' 12"E
Dniprodzerzhyns’k234,51648° 30' 41"N34° 36' 8"E
Kramators’k155,15548° 43' 23"N37° 33' 23"E
Melitopol’153,83946° 50' 56"N35° 21' 55"E
Nikopol’114,15647° 34' 16"N34° 23' 47"E
Berdyans’k111,95546° 45' 59"N36° 47' 55"E
Sloviansk109,37448° 52' 0"N37° 37' 0"E
Alchevs’k107,54248° 28' 8"N38° 49' 0"E
Pavlohrad107,12748° 32' 3"N35° 52' 16"E
Syevyerodonets’k104,82848° 56' 54"N38° 29' 30"E
Yenakiyeve104,10148° 13' 60"N38° 12' 41"E
Lysychans’k97,93548° 54' 17"N38° 26' 31"E
Kostyantynivka91,25948° 31' 40"N37° 42' 25"E
Krasnyy Luch80,60248° 8' 22"N38° 56' 14"E
Artemivs’k80,50048° 35' 44"N37° 59' 60"E
Stakhanov75,11848° 34' 5"N38° 38' 37"E
Novomoskovs’k73,10048° 38' 17"N35° 14' 44"E
Shakhtars’k71,70048° 3' 24"N38° 26' 18"E
Krasnoarmiys’k68,26348° 16' 55"N37° 10' 33"E
Torez68,03748° 2' 20"N38° 35' 49"E
Sverdlovs’k68,00048° 5' 23"N39° 39' 9"E
Khartsyz’k64,00048° 2' 33"N38° 8' 50"E


Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants: geonames.org, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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