Transport and infrastructure in Serbia

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Serbia with the average of all countries in Europe. Overall, the main traffic and transport routes are well developed and in comparatively good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Serbia ranks 31st in the world with 0.54 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 3,724 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 2.93 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 191.00 million passenger-kilometers in 2021.

Airports in Serbia

Back to overview: Serbia

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 44,248 km. For each of the country's 6.83 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 6.47 meters. This puts Serbia in 84th place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 77 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants in the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 537 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Serbia is considered relatively safe. This corresponds to 7.7 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Serbia, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This rule was introduced at the end of the 18th century during the Napoleonic Wars. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways44,200 km6,474.38 km500.77 m
Railroads3,700 km544.90 km42.15 m
Waterways587 km85.89 km6.64 m
Commercial harbors00.000.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways6,708,900 km11,154.38 km1,111.71 m
Railroads258,600 km429.97 km42.85 m
Waterways54,800 km91.17 km9.09 m
Commercial harbors15,27325.390.003

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Serbia: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in SerbiaThe 2 biggest airports and in Serbia with further information and data (Belgrade Nikola Tesla and Nis)
Serbia: ClimateClimate and temperature development in SerbiaA climate analysis for Serbia incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing